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Comparing diachronies of negation

David Willis, Christopher Lucas, and Anne Breitbarth

in The History of Negation in the Languages of Europe and the Mediterranean: Volume I Case Studies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199602537
eISBN:
9780191758164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602537.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter provides an overview of the typical pathways for the development of negation, focusing on the languages of Europe and the Mediterranean. It considers the frequency and causes of ... More


Renewal and stability: One full Jespersen’s Cycle and one persistent polarity item

Katerina Chatzopoulou

in Negation and Nonveridicality in the History of Greek

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198712404
eISBN:
9780191780912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198712404.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter discusses the Greek negator transformations in relation to Jespersen’s Cycle. The developments of NEG1 and NEG2 in Greek do not properly qualify as instances of Jespersen’s Cycle in the ... More


External motivations for Jespersen’s cycle

Anne Breitbarth, Christopher Lucas, and David Willis

in The History of Negation in the Languages of Europe and the Mediterranean: Volume II: Patterns and Processes

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780199602544
eISBN:
9780191810947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199602544.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter turns to external motivations for Jespersen’s cycle. Given the apparent diffusion pattern of the development in northwestern Europe observed in chapter 2, the current chapter considers ... More


A minimalist approach to Jespersen’s Cycle in Welsh

David Willis

in Grammatical Change: Origins, Nature, Outcomes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199582624
eISBN:
9780191731068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582624.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter gives a minimalist analysis of the development of clausal negation in Welsh. It attests the familiar Jespersen's Cycle with negation: The Modern Welsh negative marker ddim descends from ... More


Empirical generalizations

Anne Breitbarth, Christopher Lucas, and David Willis

in The History of Negation in the Languages of Europe and the Mediterranean: Volume II: Patterns and Processes

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780199602544
eISBN:
9780191810947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199602544.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Looking at the changes in the expression of sentential negation in various languages of Europe and the Mediterranean, this chapter presents empirical generalizations about Jespersen’s cycle. The ... More


Internal motivations and formal approaches

Anne Breitbarth, Christopher Lucas, and David Willis

in The History of Negation in the Languages of Europe and the Mediterranean: Volume II: Patterns and Processes

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780199602544
eISBN:
9780191810947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199602544.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter focuses on the language-internal motivations for the processes observed in chapter 2, in particular, the change from negative polarity adverb to negator. The chapter discusses what ... More


Sources of change in the German syntax of negation

Agnes Jäger

in Historical Syntax and Linguistic Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199560547
eISBN:
9780191721267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560547.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

This chapter explains the main negation markers in the history of German are the neg‐particles ni/ne (Neg°), ni(c)ht (SpecNegP), and n‐words. It also details the ratio of these and their ... More


Arabic Indefinites, Interrogatives, and Negators: A Linguistic History of Western Dialects

David Wilmsen

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198718123
eISBN:
9780191787485
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718123.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

That some dialects of Arabic negate with a pre-posed mā alone, some with what is called ‘bipartite’ negation mā … š, and some with post-positive -š alone has invited comparisons with a similar ... More


Indefinites and negation in the history of Latin

Chiara Gianollo

in Indefinites between Latin and Romance

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198812661
eISBN:
9780191850448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812661.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter is a study of Latin indefinites in direct-negation contexts. These indefinites are interesting from a theoretical point of view because of their extreme dependence on the surrounding ... More


Negation in the history of the Brythonic Celtic languages

David Willis

in The History of Negation in the Languages of Europe and the Mediterranean: Volume I Case Studies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199602537
eISBN:
9780191758164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602537.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter sets out the separate but parallel emergence of new markers of negation in Welsh and Breton, Welsh ddim from an earlier indefinite pronoun ‘nothing’ and Breton ket of unknown origin, and ... More


Negation in the history of Greek

Jo Willmott

in The History of Negation in the Languages of Europe and the Mediterranean: Volume I Case Studies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199602537
eISBN:
9780191758164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602537.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter traces the historical complexities of the Greek negative system from Ancient Greek to Standard Modern Greek. Throughout its history Greek has two sentential negators. This chapter ... More


Conclusion

Anne Breitbarth, Christopher Lucas, and David Willis

in The History of Negation in the Languages of Europe and the Mediterranean: Volume II: Patterns and Processes

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780199602544
eISBN:
9780191810947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199602544.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter summarizes the volume. It provides a bird's-eye view on the diachronic changes and the accounts developed in the volume. The different strands of research, empirical observations, ... More


The expression of standard negation

Anne Breitbarth

in The History of Low German Negation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199687282
eISBN:
9780191767050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687282.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter investigates the development of the expression of standard negation in historical Low German. Standard negation is taken to mean (one of) the productive means to reverse the truth value ... More


Aliquis from Latin to Romance

Chiara Gianollo

in Indefinites between Latin and Romance

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198812661
eISBN:
9780191850448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812661.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter investigates some crucial steps in the evolution of the continuations of Latin aliquis ‘some (or other)’ in the Standard Romance languages. These historical developments represent ... More


Negation in the history of (High) German

Agnes Jager

in The History of Negation in the Languages of Europe and the Mediterranean: Volume I Case Studies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199602537
eISBN:
9780191758164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602537.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter traces the expression of negation and negative indefinites from Old High German to the present day. In Old High German, sentential negation was expressed by a preverbal negative particle ... More


Introduction

Anne Breitbarth, Christopher Lucas, and David Willis

in The History of Negation in the Languages of Europe and the Mediterranean: Volume II: Patterns and Processes

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780199602544
eISBN:
9780191810947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199602544.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter first situates the work against the background of the existing literature. It further introduces the key concepts and terminology used in the volume. After an explanation of the ... More


Negation

Cecilia Poletto

in The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199677108
eISBN:
9780191808821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677108.003.0051
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Historical Linguistics

The main goal of this chapter is critically to address from a comparative perspective some of the most important issues in Romance negation, covering such topics as the source of different types of ... More


The History of Negation in the Languages of Europe and the Mediterranean: Volume II: Patterns and Processes

Anne Breitbarth, Christopher Lucas, and David Willis

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780199602544
eISBN:
9780191810947
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199602544.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The book constitutes the second volume of the two-volume work The history of negation in the languages of Europe and the Mediterranean. While the first volume united a rich collection of ten case ... More


The History of Low German Negation

Anne Breitbarth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199687282
eISBN:
9780191767050
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687282.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

While the development of negation has in recent years gained an increased interest in linguistic research, as witnessed by a large number of new publications, this development has not yet been ... More


Negation and Nonveridicality in the History of Greek

Katerina Chatzopoulou

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198712404
eISBN:
9780191780912
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198712404.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This study is an investigation of the expression of negation in the history of Greek, through quantitative data from representative texts from three major stages of vernacular Greek (Attic Greek, ... More


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