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An Intervener's Conduct: Humanitarian Intervention and Jus in Bello

James Pattison

in Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility To Protect: Who Should Intervene?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199561049
eISBN:
9780191722318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561049.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter defends the moral importance of an intervener's fidelity to the principles to jus in bello (principles of just conduct in war). It begins by outlining the particular principles of ... More


Discrimination, Partial Concern, and Arbitrariness

Gerald Lang

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Drawing on some of Bernard Williams's work, especially his essays ‘The Idea of Equality’ and ‘The Human Prejudice’, this chapter argues that ‘speciesism’ is very unlike racism or sexism, and that ... More


Do We Need a ‘Morality of War’?*

Henry Shue

in Fighting Hurt: Rule and Exception in Torture and War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198767626
eISBN:
9780191821486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198767626.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

A moral assessment of international humanitarian law (IHL) is often conducted. Jeff McMahan proposed a radically different approach that pitted against IHL what he termed ‘the deep morality of war’, ... More


The Ethics of Killing: Problems at the Margins of Life

Jeff McMahan

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195079982
eISBN:
9780199833443
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195079981.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A comprehensive study of the ethics of killing in cases in which the metaphysical or moral status of the individual killed is uncertain or controversial. Among those beings whose status is ... More


Limiting the Killing in War: Military Necessity and the St Petersburg Assumption*

Janina Dill and Henry Shue

in Fighting Hurt: Rule and Exception in Torture and War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198767626
eISBN:
9780191821486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198767626.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Our critical thesis is that although Jeff McMahan is critical of Michael Walzer, they both mistakenly adopt the same crucial presupposition, namely that the form of laws of war must be explained by ... More


Brain Death and Peter Singer

John Finnis

in Intention and Identity: Collected Essays Volume II

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580064
eISBN:
9780191729386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580064.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter offers a response to a 1998 paper by Peter Singer and it focuses on discussion in 1979 by Grisez and Boyle of the theoretical, factual, and operational definition or criteria of death. ... More


The Disease of Victory

Cian O'Driscoll

in Victory: The Triumph and Tragedy of Just War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198832911
eISBN:
9780191871313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832911.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

The final problem just war theorists perceive with victory reflects the belief that to speak about war in terms of victory is to court an escalatory logic that undercuts the spirit of moderation that ... More


Liability to Defense

Kai Draper

in War and Individual Rights: The Foundations of Just War Theory

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199388899
eISBN:
9780199388912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199388899.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The focus of this chapter is the right to defend oneself (self-defense) and others (other-defense) against unjust aggression. This right must do the lion’s share of the work in justifying recourse to ... More


Competing Interests

Dominic Wilkinson

in Death or Disability?: The 'Carmentis Machine' and decision-making for critically ill children

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199669431
eISBN:
9780191748783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669431.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the relative weight that should be given to the interests of the child compared to the interests of other members of their family. Family members may be profoundly affected by ... More


Putting a Number on the Harm of Death

Joseph Millum

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Donors to global health programs and policymakers within national health systems have to make difficult decisions about how to allocate scarce health care resources. Principled ways to make these ... More


Removing Barriers

Fiona Woollard

in Doing and Allowing Harm

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199683642
eISBN:
9780191792847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683642.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is the third part of the analysis of the doing/allowing distinction. Non-substantial facts are normally simply background conditions and do not count as part of the sequence leading to the harm. ... More


The Moral-Responsibility Account of Liability to Defensive Killing

Michael Otsuka

in The Ethics of Self-Defense

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190206086
eISBN:
9780190206116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190206086.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Some are blameless for posing a threat to the lives of another because they are not morally responsible for being a threat. Others are blameless in spite of their responsibility. On what has come to ... More


Global Consequentialism and the Morality and Laws of War

Hilary Greaves

in Human Rights and 21st Century Challenges: Poverty, Conflict, and the Environment

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198824770
eISBN:
9780191863486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824770.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

Rights-based and consequentialist approaches to ethics are often seen as being diametrically opposed to one another. This is entirely understandable, since to say that X has a (moral) right to Y is ... More


Liability

Jonathan Quong

in The Morality of Defensive Force

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851103
eISBN:
9780191885846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851103.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 2 develops and defends an original account of liability to defensive harm: the moral status account. On this view, a person renders himself liable to defensive harm when the evidence-relative ... More


Getting from Here to There: Claiming Justice for the Severely Cognitively Disabled1

Eva Feder Kittay

in Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199744206
eISBN:
9780190267551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199744206.003.0026
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the importance of providing health care resources and other protections for cognitively disabled people, arguing that doing so is central to adequate principles of justice. It ... More


Liability and the Ethics of War: A Response to Strawser and McMahan

Seth Lazar

in The Ethics of Self-Defense

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190206086
eISBN:
9780190206116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190206086.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The responsibility account of permissible killing in war states that only those responsible for unjustified threats may be intentionally killed in war. In recent papers, Jeff McMahan and Bradley ... More


Laws of War*

Henry Shue

in Fighting Hurt: Rule and Exception in Torture and War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198767626
eISBN:
9780191821486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198767626.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Continuing exchange with Jeff McMahan, I emphasize that a practice of war is presupposed by laws of war imposing a brake on the violations of morality involved. The central measure by which these ... More


Killing in War

Torbjörn Tännsjö

in Taking Life: Three Theories on the Ethics of Killing

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190225575
eISBN:
9780190225605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190225575.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

In this chapter the focus is on the ethics surrounding war. The laws of armed conflict regulate how warfare can legitimately be conducted. In particular, there are laws regulating what you can do in ... More


Killing Civilians is Worse than Killing Soldiers

Seth Lazar

in Sparing Civilians

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198712985
eISBN:
9780191781391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712985.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces and clarifies Moral Distinction, the principle that killing civilians is worse than killing soldiers. It develops the conceptual apparatus deployed in subsequent chapters, ... More


Law and Morality

Adil Ahmad Haque

in Law and Morality at War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199687398
eISBN:
9780191767180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687398.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Conventionalists argue that combatants are legally and morally permitted to fight irrespective of their cause. Revisionists argue that combatants are not morally permitted to fight for an unjust ... More


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