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Fascism, Militarism, and Thought Control

CHUSHICHI TSUZUKI

in The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205890
eISBN:
9780191676840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.003.0013
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Political History

This chapter describes Japanese-style fascism. Japan's ultra-nationalism was deeply ingrained on all levels. Though the Miyazaki group remained faithful in their support of Chinese nationalism, it ... More


. The Beauty of Violence: Yasuda Yojūrō’s “Japanese Bridges”

Alan Tansman

in The Aesthetics of Japanese Fascism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520245051
eISBN:
9780520943490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520245051.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on Yasuda Yojūrō's “Japanese Bridges”, an essay about the cultural and literary meanings of Japanese bridges. The essay evokes moments of authenticity or purity—beauty that can ... More


Grassroots Fascism: The War Experience of the Japanese People

Yoshimi Yoshiaki

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231165686
eISBN:
9780231538596
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231165686.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book profiles the Asia Pacific War (1937–1945)—the most important though least understood experience of Japan's modern history—through the lens of ordinary Japanese life. Moving deftly from the ... More


. The Rhetoric of Unspoken Fascism: The Essence of the National Polity

Alan Tansman

in The Aesthetics of Japanese Fascism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520245051
eISBN:
9780520943490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520245051.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on the book The Essence of the National Polity (Kokutai no hongi), one of the most widely disseminated ideological tracts in the 1930s. This book presents itself as being beyond ... More


. An Aesthetics of Devotion: Kobayashi Hideo’s Cultural Criticism

Alan Tansman

in The Aesthetics of Japanese Fascism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520245051
eISBN:
9780520943490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520245051.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

Kobayashi Hideo was the pivotal Japanese critic of his time. The progenitor of literary and cultural criticism in Japan, Kobayashi blended serious reflection on aesthetics, literature, history, and ... More


Introduction: The Technological Imaginary of Imperial Japan

Aaron Stephen Moore

in Constructing East Asia: Technology, Ideology, and Empire in Japan's Wartime Era, 1931-1945

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804785396
eISBN:
9780804786690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785396.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

The introduction examines the relationship between technology and power in Japan within the context of prevailing historical narratives that portray technology as the progressive force behind Japan’s ... More


“To Become As One Dead”: Nature and the Political Subject in Modern Japan

Julia Adeney Thomas

in The Moral Authority of Nature

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226136806
eISBN:
9780226136820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226136820.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Writing in the aftermath of World War II, Japanese political theorist Maruyama Masao attacked the tyranny of nature in the name of political emancipation. In contrast to Frankfurt School ... More


Military Fascism and Manchukuo, 1930–36

Janis Mimura

in Planning for Empire: Reform Bureaucrats and the Japanese Wartime State

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449260
eISBN:
9780801460852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449260.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter shows how Manchuria represented an experimental ground for military fascism in the early 1930s. In the first half of the 1930s, military and civilian technocrats lacked the political ... More


Ideologues of Fascism: Okumura Kiwao and Mōri Hideoto

Janis Mimura

in Planning for Empire: Reform Bureaucrats and the Japanese Wartime State

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449260
eISBN:
9780801460852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449260.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on the ideas of Okumura Kiwao and Mōri Hideoto, the acknowledged ideologues of the reform movement. Political insiders described Mōri as the “idea man” at the Cabinet Planning ... More


Introduction

Janis Mimura

in Planning for Empire: Reform Bureaucrats and the Japanese Wartime State

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449260
eISBN:
9780801460852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449260.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

This introductory chapter sets out the book's purpose, which is to contribute to a growing body of scholarship that reassesses the problem of Japanese fascism and fascism more generally. It argues ... More


Planning for Empire: Reform Bureaucrats and the Japanese Wartime State

Janis Mimura

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449260
eISBN:
9780801460852
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449260.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Japan's invasion of Manchuria in September of 1931 initiated a new phase of brutal occupation and warfare in Asia and the Pacific. It forwarded the project of remaking the Japanese state along ... More


Coda: Reading Fascist Aesthetics

Alan Tansman

in The Aesthetics of Japanese Fascism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520245051
eISBN:
9780520943490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520245051.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book has explored some of the voices that contributed, through a kind of synergy with their historical context, to creating a formal environment that helped bind Japanese subjects to the state ... More


Designing the Social Mechanism

Aaron Stephen Moore

in Constructing East Asia: Technology, Ideology, and Empire in Japan's Wartime Era, 1931-1945

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804785396
eISBN:
9780804786690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785396.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter explores the “reform bureaucrats,” an influential group of economic policymakers who designed Japan’s managed economy policies for wartime mobilization both in the colonies and at home. ... More


The New Order and the Politics of Reform, 1940–41

Janis Mimura

in Planning for Empire: Reform Bureaucrats and the Japanese Wartime State

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449260
eISBN:
9780801460852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449260.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the attempts of reform bureaucrats to establish a domestic New Order and the political resistance they faced from Japan's conservative establishment. Reform bureaucrats valued ... More


Japan’s Opportunity: Technocratic Strategies for War and Empire, 1941–45

Janis Mimura

in Planning for Empire: Reform Bureaucrats and the Japanese Wartime State

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449260
eISBN:
9780801460852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449260.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter shows how the Pacific War provided a timely opportunity for the reform bureaucrats to complete the unfinished business of the New Order and try to change Japan's bureaucratic ethos and ... More


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