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Introduction

Robin Briggs

in Communities of Belief: Cultural and Social Tensions in Early Modern France

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206033
eISBN:
9780191676932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206033.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This book examines the beliefs and behaviour of the people of France (and sometimes the regions just outside the kingdom proper) in the early modern period. Shared beliefs were the ultimate ... More


Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

John McManners

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The second volume of this study of the relations between the Catholic Church and society in eighteenth‐century France covers the topics of popular religion; the clergy and morals; the Jansenist ... More


Pure Nature and Common Grace

Paul Helm

in Calvin at the Centre

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199532186
eISBN:
9780191714580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532186.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Theology

One curiosity in the history of Calvinism is the way in which later Calvinists such as Herman Bavinck and Abraham Kuyper downplay or deny Calvin's commitment to natural law, and claim that he ... More


The Catholic Reformers

Owen Chadwick

in The Popes and European Revolution

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269199
eISBN:
9780191600487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269196.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

An account is given of reformers of the Catholic Church in Europe in the eighteenth century, following on from The Counter‐Reformation. This starts with the Jansenists in France, and goes on to ... More


Restoration

Owen Chadwick

in The Popes and European Revolution

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269199
eISBN:
9780191600487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269196.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Traces the decline of political power in the Catholic Church in Europe from the period after the overthrow of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1814, and the return of the Pope to Rome. In the new Europe so ... More


The Commission Des Réguliers

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 1: The Clerical Establishment and its Social Ramifications

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270034
eISBN:
9780191600685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270038.003.0020
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The Commission des Réguliers was set up in 1765, after the expulsion of the Jesuits, to inquire into and reform the regular orders. The documentation it produced provides an impressionistic view of ... More


The Jansenist Quarrel

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Outlines the seventeenth‐century origins of the Jansenist controversy and the difficulties faced by the historian in arriving at a viable definition of Jansenism. The grim theology of Cornelius ... More


Unigenitus

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The papal bull Unigenitus, issued in 1713, was intended to strike a fatal blow against the Jansenists and demonstrate papal infallibility. Its principal targets were the Réflexions morales of ... More


The Appeal to a General Council

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Unigenitus caused uproar in France, especially in Paris, where it was viewed as the result of Jesuit conspiracy, standing for papal pretensions against the Gallican Church and ... More


From the Regent to Fleury

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Church History

By 1720, the government of the Regency, dominated by abbé Dubois, had adopted a repressive policy towards Jansenism and the appellants, a policy, which would be made even harsher under cardinal ... More


The Changing Face of Jansenism

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Faced with repression, the Jansenist opponents of Unigenitus had to appeal to a wider public, notably through the clandestine Nouvelles ecclésiastiques, presenting a running chronicle of friends of ... More


Fleury's Repression and the Interventions of the Parlement

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Between 1730, when Unigenitus was declared ‘a law of Church and State’, and his death in 1743, cardinal Fleury broke the power of Jansenism within the French clergy by the use of ecclesiastical ... More


The Twilight of Jansenism

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0027
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Jansenists were still excluded from the ministry of the Church by the necessity of having to sign the formulary accepting Unigenitus, but many clergy had been formed by a Jansenist‐inspired ... More


From Baptism to the Requiescat in Pace

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Baptism was obligatory and universal by the laws on Church and State and the rules laid down by the Church were universally obeyed. As far as the other sacraments are concerned, the practice of ... More


Liturgical Worship

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The reforming clergy made considerable efforts to encourage the intelligent participation of the laity in the liturgical services. They stressed the centrality of the mass and the reverence to be ... More


Self-Knowledge and Self-Ignorance in Context

Michael Moriarty

in Fallen Nature, Fallen Selves: Early Modern French Thought II

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199291038
eISBN:
9780191710599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291038.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

Scholars have attempted to understand 17th-century writers’ interest in self-knowledge and self-deception in historical terms by linking it to ideological conflict with a class dimension (Paul ... More


The Life of Grace and the Hope of Glory

Gerald O'Collins SJ and Mario Farrugia SJ

in Catholicism: The Story of Catholic Christianity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259946
eISBN:
9780191602122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259941.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter examines the present communion with God through Christ and the Holy Spirit and the consummation of this graced life in the final kingdom. The Catholic doctrine of grace emerged through ... More


Particularity and Polemic (i): Jansenism

Richard Parish

in Catholic Particularity in Seventeenth-Century French Writing: 'Christianity is Strange'

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199596669
eISBN:
9780191729126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596669.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This is again a two-chapter topic, dealing first here with the most notorious divergent spiritual movement of the period, known as Jansenism. It examines certain theories which serve to explain the ... More


Tocqueville’s Relation to Jansenism

Lucien Jaume

in Tocqueville: The Aristocratic Sources of Liberty

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152042
eISBN:
9781400846726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152042.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter considers the supposed Jansenist leanings of Tocqueville. For generations, scholars have been arguing that Tocqueville had deep sympathy for Pascal and perhaps for Jansenism. However, it ... More


Mazzini and Anticlericalism: The English Exile

Eugenio F. Biagini

in Giuseppe Mazzini and the Globalization of Democratic Nationalism, 1830-1920

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264317
eISBN:
9780191734472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264317.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Mazzinian movement has often been associated with radical anticlericalism, epitomized by the leader presiding over the republic that replaced papal rule in Rome in 1849. Yet, unlike many of his ... More


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