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 “Equality or Nothing!”: Religious Pluralism in the Founding of the Republic

Chris Beneke

in Beyond Toleration: The Religious Origins of American Pluralism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305555
eISBN:
9780199784899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305558.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter connects the demise of exclusive religious establishments with the foundation of republican governments. It also traces the extension of equal recognition to previously marginal groups, ... More


Debating the Ninth Amendment

Kurt T. Lash

in The Lost History of the Ninth Amendment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195372618
eISBN:
9780199871742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372618.003.03
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter considers the events surrounding the ratification of the Ninth Amendment. Topics covered include James Madison's 1791 Speech on the Bank of the United States, redrafting of Madison's ... More


After the War

John A. Ragosta

in Wellspring of Liberty: How Virginia's Religious Dissenters Helped Win the American Revolution and Secured Religious Liberty

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388060
eISBN:
9780199866779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388060.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

By wars' end, dissenters had still not achieved full religious liberty, with continuing administration of some social and governmental activities granted to Anglican vestries; yet, with the necessity ... More


Finance and Ideology

Stanley Elkins and Eric McKitrick

in The Age of Federalism

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195093810
eISBN:
9780199854127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195093810.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The character and quality of national life in the 1790s are not to be understood aside from the warfare of Hamiltonian Federalists and Jeffersonian Republicans. Worth noting, however, is that the ... More


Introduction: Beyond Madisonian Federalism

Max. M Edling

in A Revolution in Favor of Government: Origins of the U.S. Constitution and the Making of the American State

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195148701
eISBN:
9780199835096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148703.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The aim of this book is described as to search for answers as to why the US Constitution was adopted. Like most other studies of this topic, it focusses on the Federalist argument, although it also ... More


Epilogue

John A. Ragosta

in Wellspring of Liberty: How Virginia's Religious Dissenters Helped Win the American Revolution and Secured Religious Liberty

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388060
eISBN:
9780199866779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388060.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Virginia's history of religious persecution and religious freedom played a central role in adoption of the First Amendment to the Constitution and the subsequent evolution of American religious ... More


The Divided Mind of James Madison, 1790: Nationalist Versus Ideologue

Stanley Elkins and Eric McKitrick

in The Age of Federalism

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195093810
eISBN:
9780199854127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195093810.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

James Madison's mind was occupied with the dilemma of what it meant to be both a leading Federalist and a leading Virginian. The search for a resolution of that dilemma would turn out to claim ... More


Theological and Philosophical Origins of Religious Liberty in the U.S. Constitution

Kristine Kalanges

in Religious Liberty in Western and Islamic Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199859467
eISBN:
9780199933518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199859467.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Comparative Law

This chapter discusses the early modern origins of freedom of religion in the Protestant Reformation (including the contributions of Martin Luther and John Calvin), the genesis of the “American ... More


The Origins of the Ninth Amendment

Kurt T. Lash

in The Lost History of the Ninth Amendment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195372618
eISBN:
9780199871742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372618.003.02
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter begins by presenting the most commonly told story about the historical Ninth Amendment. It argues that the Ninth Amendment did not emerge unsought out of the unique mind of James ... More


A Troublesome Neighbor

J. C. A. Stagg

in Borderlines in Borderlands: James Madison and the Spanish-American Frontier, 1776-1821

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300139051
eISBN:
9780300153286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300139051.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter discusses in detail the borderland disputes between Spain and the United States. It argues that the pursuit of the Spanish borderlands of East Florida, West Florida, and Texas was a ... More


Constitutional Interpretation: What's Wrong With ‘Original Intent’?

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter takes a fresh look at the interpretive strategy of `originalism’ or `original intent’ and shows that this strategy is defective for a number of heretofore unsuspected reasons. Chief ... More


Jefferson, Madison, and Marshall: The Law of Nations and the New Republic

Mark Weston Janis

in America and the Law of Nations 1776-1939

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579341
eISBN:
9780191722653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579341.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

No group of America's leaders has ever been more mindful of the law of nations than were the Founding Fathers. This chapter tells a little of that story. It begins with American perceptions of the ... More


The Emergence of Partisan Politics: The “Republican Interest”

Stanley Elkins and Eric McKitrick

in The Age of Federalism

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195093810
eISBN:
9780199854127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195093810.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The twelve-month period from the fall of 1791 to the fall of 1792 was marked by the emergence of what could for the first time be clearly discerned as an opposition. The opposition impulse was in ... More


The Age of Federalism

Stanley Elkins and Eric McKitrick

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195093810
eISBN:
9780199854127
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195093810.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

When Thomas Jefferson took the oath of office for the presidency in 1801, America had just passed through twelve critical years, dominated by some of the towering figures of our history and by the ... More


James Madison: Champion of Religious Liberty

Gary Scott Smith

in Religion in the Oval Office: The Religious Lives of American Presidents

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199391394
eISBN:
9780199391424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199391394.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Religion

James Madison read widely in theology and philosophy, but he divulged very little about what he believed. Because Madison’s statements about his personal faith are few, veiled, and seemed to have ... More


Wellspring of Liberty: How Virginia's Religious Dissenters Helped Win the American Revolution and Secured Religious Liberty

John A. Ragosta

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388060
eISBN:
9780199866779
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388060.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Before the American Revolution, no state more seriously discriminated against and persecuted religious dissenters than Virginia. Over 50 dissenting ministers, primarily Baptists, were jailed, and ... More


Pleading for Reform and Demanding Freedom

John A. Ragosta

in Wellspring of Liberty: How Virginia's Religious Dissenters Helped Win the American Revolution and Secured Religious Liberty

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388060
eISBN:
9780199866779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388060.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

As the war approached, Virginia's dissenters petitioned for increased toleration, but reforms were not forthcoming. By 1776, though, with recruiting lagging badly and facing the prospect of an ... More


The Second Bank of the United States

Richard Ellis E.

in Aggressive Nationalism: McCulloch v. Maryland and the Foundation of Federal Authority in the Young Republic

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195323566
eISBN:
9780199788705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323566.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter focuses on the creation of the 2 BUS and the differences that existed between it and the First Bank of the United States (1 BUS). It also examines the early operations of the 2 BUS and ... More


A Founder as Commander in Chief

Jeff Broadwater

in James Madison: A Son of Virginia and a Founder of the Nation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835302
eISBN:
9781469601878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869918_broadwater.9
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

As the President of the United States, James Madison pledged to keep the peace, to maintain the Union, to support the Constitution, and to respect the people's liberties. However, a war with Great ... More


The Politics of Charm and the Limits of Diplomacy

Jeff Broadwater

in James Madison: A Son of Virginia and a Founder of the Nation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835302
eISBN:
9781469601878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869918_broadwater.8
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

James Madison remained single into middle age, and almost no evidence exists of romance in his earlier years. This chapter explores Madison's relationships in his later years, beginning with his ... More


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