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Sovereignty and the Sword: Harrington, Hobbes, and Mixed Government in the English Civil Wars

Arihiro Fukuda

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206835
eISBN:
9780191677328
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206835.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Political History

The English civil wars of the mid-seventeenth century produced two political thinkers of genius: Thomas Hobbes and James Harrington. They are known today as spokesmen of opposite positions, Hobbes of ... More


The Challenge of James Harrington, 1653–1656:: Fear, Necessity, Equality

Arihiro Fukuda

in Sovereignty and the Sword: Harrington, Hobbes, and Mixed Government in the English Civil Wars

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206835
eISBN:
9780191677328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206835.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Political History

This chapter examines James Harrington's criticism of the political theory of Thomas Hobbes. In his The Commonwealth of Oceana, Harrington suggested that the failure of the Rump Parliament was ... More


Private Interest: James Harrington

Ian Calvert

in Virgil's English Translators: Civil Wars to Restoration

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781474475648
eISBN:
9781399501897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474475648.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Chapter 6 shows that James Harrington used his writings to present himself as a Virgilian counsellor to a sovereign, but despite his period of service as a personal attendant to Charles I the person ... More


Harrington's Theory of Balanced Sovereignty, 1656–1660 (II):: Interest, Sovereignty, Mixed Government

Arihiro Fukuda

in Sovereignty and the Sword: Harrington, Hobbes, and Mixed Government in the English Civil Wars

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206835
eISBN:
9780191677328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206835.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Political History

This chapter examines the notion of ‘balanced’ and ‘absolute’ sovereignty in James Harrington's theory of balanced sovereignty and mixed government. Harrington argued that an equal commonwealth is ... More


Harrington's Theory of Balanced Sovereignty, 1656–1660 (I):: Interest, Authority, Equality

Arihiro Fukuda

in Sovereignty and the Sword: Harrington, Hobbes, and Mixed Government in the English Civil Wars

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206835
eISBN:
9780191677328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206835.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Political History

This chapter examines James Harrington's theory of balanced sovereignty. Harrington argued that the solution to anarchy is a mixed government and he believed that the ancient doctrines of monarchy, ... More


Science and Policy in the Restoration

Ted McCormick

in William Petty: And the Ambitions of Political Arithmetic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547890
eISBN:
9780191720529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547890.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter looks at Petty's continuing scientific work and growing interest in economic and social questions between the Restoration of the Stuart monarchy and his invention of political arithmetic ... More


Introduction:: A New Era in English Political Theory

Arihiro Fukuda

in Sovereignty and the Sword: Harrington, Hobbes, and Mixed Government in the English Civil Wars

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206835
eISBN:
9780191677328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206835.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Political History

This chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about the emergence of a new era of English political theory during the two decades of the English civil war during the period from 1640 to ... More


The End of the Era, 1660–1683:: Balance, Nobility, Resistance

Arihiro Fukuda

in Sovereignty and the Sword: Harrington, Hobbes, and Mixed Government in the English Civil Wars

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206835
eISBN:
9780191677328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206835.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Political History

This chapter examines the failure of Thomas Hobbes and James Harrington's proposed theories of sovereignty to put an end to anarchy in England. During the Restoration regime, the government was able ... More


Thomas Spence and James Harrington: A Case Study in Influence

Stephen M. Lee

in Liberty, Property and Popular Politics: England and Scotland, 1688-1815. Essays in Honour of H. T. Dickinson

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474405676
eISBN:
9781474418805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474405676.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter examines the evidence for the standard claim that the seventeenth-century writer James Harrington and his utopian text Oceana were the decisive influence on Thomas Spence's ideas about ... More


Epilogue

Hilary Gatti

in Ideas of Liberty in Early Modern Europe: From Machiavelli to Milton

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163833
eISBN:
9781400866304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163833.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter studies Henry Neville's Plato redivivus (Plato reborn, 1681), a work that continued the discussion of republican rule under the influence of a reading of Machiavelli. It compares and ... More


Renaissance England's Chief Rabbi: John Selden

Jason P. Rosenblatt

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286133
eISBN:
9780191713859
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286133.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

In the midst of an age of prejudice, John Selden’s immense, neglected rabbinical works contain magnificent Hebrew scholarship that respects — to an extent remarkable for the times — the ... More


Political Alternatives and Israelite Foundations

Achsah Guibbory

in Christian Identity, Jews, and Israel in 17th-Century England

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199557165
eISBN:
9780191595004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557165.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

After Charles I's execution, England became officially a ‘Commonwealth.’ But discussion continued: what did a ‘commonwealth’ mean? England's new order and Cromwell (even as Lord Protector) were ... More


Narrative Constitutionalism and the Kinetics of James Harrington’s Oceana

J. C. Davis

in Constitutions and the Classics: Patterns of Constitutional Thought from Fortescue to Bentham

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198714989
eISBN:
9780191783142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714989.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Legal History, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter analyses James Harrington’s Oceana, one of the most discussed political texts from the seventeenth century. Here Harrington lavished attention on all of the civil, military, and ... More


The Charisma of Italy

Howard Erskine-Hill

in Poetry and the Realm of Politics: Shakespeare to Dryden

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198117315
eISBN:
9780191670916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198117315.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

On 23 July I553 Mr John Lock, on his voyage to Jerusalem, glimpsed ‘the white walles’ of the fortified city of Ragusa, on the coast of Dalmatia or, by its ancient name, Illyria. Ragusa was, however, ... More


Editing the republic: Milton, Harrington and the Williamite monarchy, 1698–1714

Justin Champion

in Republican Learning: John Toland and the Crisis of Christian Culture, 1696-1722

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719057144
eISBN:
9781781700259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719057144.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter focuses on John Toland's efforts to defend the sovereignty of reason in politics by undertaking the adventurous project of republishing the canonical works of the commonwealth tradition ... More


James Harrington: An Intellectual Biography

Rachel Hammersley

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198809852
eISBN:
9780191847172
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809852.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Cultural History

James Harrington was a significant political and intellectual figure of the mid-seventeenth century, whose life and works embody the complex and contested web of political, religious and cultural ... More


‘Hireling wolves’: Poetry, Prophecy, and Republican Religion

Philip Connell

in Secular Chains: Poetry and the Politics of Religion from Milton to Pope

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199269587
eISBN:
9780191820496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269587.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter examines the issue of religious settlement in the poetry of the English Commonwealth and Protectorate, including Payne Fisher’s neo-Latin poems, Marvell’s First Anniversary, and John ... More


The Supporter of Parliament

Rachel Hammersley

in James Harrington: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198809852
eISBN:
9780191847172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809852.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Cultural History

Knowledge of Harrington’s life prior to the publication of The Commonwealth of Oceana in 1656 has generally been acknowledged to be limited. While not challenging that point, Chapter 2 argues that ... More


Carolina: The First Planned Colony

Thomas D. Wilson

in The Ashley Cooper Plan: The Founding of Carolina and the Origins of Southern Political Culture

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469628905
eISBN:
9781469626307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469628905.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter examines the political foundation of the Province of Carolina. The Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina was the central guiding document for the colony. It not only set forth the system ... More


‘The Rose of Sharon’: The English and the Peace of Christendom

D.H. Robinson

in The Idea of Europe and the Origins of the American Revolution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198862925
eISBN:
9780191895432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862925.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century, History of Ideas

This chapter explores metropolitan and colonial English thinking about England’s place in Europe from the Reformation of the sixteenth century to the Glorious Revolution of 1688, including the ... More


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