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Logical Arguments from Evil, against the Existence of God

Bruce Langtry

in God, the Best, and Evil

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238798
eISBN:
9780191716485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238798.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter discusses attempts to refute theism using premisses which entail that God does not exist. J. L. Mackie's paper “Evil and Omnipotence” (1955) and H. J. McCloskey's book God and Evil ... More


The Carus Lectures on the Conception of Value

Paul Grice

in The Conception of Value

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243877
eISBN:
9780191697302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243877.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses Grice's three Carus lectures on value and objectivity, relative and absolute value, and metaphysics and value. The lecture on value and objectivity investigates the conception ... More


Epistemic Nihilism

Terence Cuneo

in The Normative Web: An Argument for Moral Realism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218837
eISBN:
9780191711749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218837.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Epistemic antirealist views are rarely explicitly formulated. This chapter formulates and engages with the epistemic counterpart to so-called error theories in morality, such as that defended by J. ... More


Perception and its Objects

P. F. Strawson

in Philosophical Writings

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199587292
eISBN:
9780191728747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587292.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Ayer has always given the problem of perception a central place in his thinking. The movement of Ayer's own thought has been from phenomenalism to what he describes in his latest treatment of the ... More


Descriptivism and the Error Theory

R. M. Hare

in Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Method, and Point

Published in print:
1981
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198246602
eISBN:
9780191597596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198246609.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Hare explicates descriptivism and J. L. Mackie's error theory and explains what is wrong with them with respect to moral disagreement and the prescriptive force of moral terms. The meaning of moral ... More


“Person … is a forensic term”

Galen Strawson

in Locke on Personal Identity: Consciousness and Concernment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161006
eISBN:
9781400851843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161006.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that John Locke is using the word “person” as a “forensic” term. Udo Thiel notes the sense in which “person” is a property term, a term for a moral quality, in Locke's text. J. L. ... More


The Error Theory

Bart Streumer

in Unbelievable Errors: An Error Theory about All Normative Judgements

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198785897
eISBN:
9780191848070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785897.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter asks to which judgements the error theory applies, what the error theory entails, and whether what the error theory entails can be true. It argues that the error theory does not apply to ... More


Religious Experience and the Burden of Proof

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

An analysis of three problems for Richard Swinburne’s Bayesian cumulative case strategy in natural theology shows why he needs to shift the burden of proof to the unbeliever. Allegedly, this shift is ... More


Substance/Substratum

Georges Dicker

in Berkeley's Idealism: A Critical Examination

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195381467
eISBN:
9780199897124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381467.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Berkeley's contemporaries commonly held that a thing's qualities belong to it by virtue of inhering in a substance or substratum that is not identical with any of its qualities or any collection of ... More


Arguments from Providence and from Miracles: Of Miracles: The State of the Art and the Uses of History

Timothy McGrew

in Two Dozen (or so) Arguments for God: The Plantinga Project

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190842215
eISBN:
9780190874445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190842215.003.0021
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The mid-20th century consensus regarding Hume’s critique of reported miracles has broken down dramatically in recent years thanks to the application of probabilistic analysis to the issue and the ... More


Substance

Georges Dicker

in Locke on Knowledge and Reality: A Commentary on An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190662196
eISBN:
9780190662233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662196.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Locke’s idea of a substance (e.g., a rock, a tree, or a swan) comprises (1) the ideas of the qualities that define its species, and (2) the idea of a substratum in which those qualities inhere. The ... More


The Argument from Evil and the Ethics of the Anselmian Being

Mark C. Murphy

in God's Own Ethics: Norms of divine agency and the argument from evil

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198796916
eISBN:
9780191840043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198796916.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Prior formulations of the problem of evil, for example, by J. L. Mackie, William Rowe, and Paul Draper, assume that God must have requiring reasons to prevent evils to creatures, and use that ... More


McDowell, Williams, and Intuitionism

Jonathan Dancy

in Practical Thought: Essays on Reason, Intuition, and Action

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198865605
eISBN:
9780191897955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198865605.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This paper is concerned with a disagreement between Bernard Williams and John McDowell. It starts by asking what form a dispositional account of value should take. A no-priority view could hold that ... More


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