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The Birth of the Bureau, Coupled with the Birth of J. Edgar Hoover, Ensured the FBI’s Attention to African American Literature

William J. Maxwell

in F.B. Eyes: How J. Edgar Hoover's Ghostreaders Framed African American Literature

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691130200
eISBN:
9781400852062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691130200.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This part aims to add depth and detail to less-familiar portraits of Hoover as a young militant, and to establish the character of the also young law enforcement agency he joined in the wake of World ... More


The FBI’s Aggressive Filing and Long Study of African American Writers Was Tightly Bound to the Agency’s Successful Evolution under Hoover

William J. Maxwell

in F.B. Eyes: How J. Edgar Hoover's Ghostreaders Framed African American Literature

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691130200
eISBN:
9781400852062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691130200.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Retracing some of the main lines of FBI history, this part demonstrates how Bureau counterliterature was stamped by four distinct phases of the institution's developing Hoover era, altogether long ... More


The FBI Is Perhaps the Most Dedicated and Influential Forgotten Critic of African American Literature

William J. Maxwell

in F.B. Eyes: How J. Edgar Hoover's Ghostreaders Framed African American Literature

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691130200
eISBN:
9781400852062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691130200.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This part illuminates the interpretive assumptions of Bureau ghostreading against the backdrop of the best-documented entanglement of American criticism with American espionage: namely, the firsthand ... More


Consciousness of FBI Ghostreading Fills a Deep and Characteristic Vein of African American Literature

William J. Maxwell

in F.B. Eyes: How J. Edgar Hoover's Ghostreaders Framed African American Literature

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691130200
eISBN:
9781400852062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691130200.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This part argues that Afro-modernist literature “pre-responded” to FBI inspection, internalizing the likelihood of Bureau ghostreading and publicizing its implications with growing bluntness and ... More


FBI Historiography: from Leader to Organisation

Melissa Graves

in Intelligence Studies in Britain and the US: Historiography since 1945

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780748646272
eISBN:
9780748684496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748646272.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter surveys the defining debates on the historiography of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). It argues that books about the FBI were, for a long time, little more than sycophantic ... More


When National Politics Met Crime

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Crime first became a major national issue in the 1964 presidential contest between incumbent Democrat Lyndon Johnson and Republican challenger Barry Goldwater. The rising crime rates prompted ... More


F.B. Eyes: How J. Edgar Hoover's Ghostreaders Framed African American Literature

William J. Maxwell

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691130200
eISBN:
9781400852062
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691130200.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Few institutions seem more opposed than African American literature and J. Edgar Hoover's Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). But behind the scenes, the FBI's hostility to black protest was ... More


Introduction

William J. Maxwell

in F.B. Eyes: How J. Edgar Hoover's Ghostreaders Framed African American Literature

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691130200
eISBN:
9781400852062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691130200.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This introductory chapter first discusses the FBI's surveillance African American writers and imitation of black prose as part of its struggle against African American protest. It argues that unlike ... More


Rollback

John Sbardellati

in J. Edgar Hoover Goes to the Movies: The FBI and the Origins of Hollywood's Cold War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450082
eISBN:
9780801464218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450082.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter analyzes the effect of the anti-Communist campaign on the screen. There were two strains of anti-Communist films. The first followed the insights of Ayn Rand and is represented most ... More


The FBI Helped to Define the Twentieth-Century Black Atlantic, Both Blocking and Forcing Its Flows

William J. Maxwell

in F.B. Eyes: How J. Edgar Hoover's Ghostreaders Framed African American Literature

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691130200
eISBN:
9781400852062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691130200.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This part marshals the largely uncompiled evidence of FBI author files to suggest that the worst suspicions about the stakeout of Paris noir were basically correct—that Wright was not too wrong, it ... More


The Cold War Hits Home

Jonathan M. Schoenwald

in A Time for Choosing: The Rise of Modern American Conservatism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195157260
eISBN:
9780199849390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157260.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The nature of anticommunism and the state of conservatism were called into question at the end of the 1950s. Developments between 1957 and 1961 convinced some Americans that not only were communists ... More


Martin Luther King, Civil Rights, and Perceptions of a “Communist Conspiracy”

Matthew L. Harris (ed.)

in Thunder from the Right: Ezra Taft Benson in Mormonism and Politics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780252042256
eISBN:
9780252051081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042256.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Ezra Taft Benson brazenly asserted that Martin Luther King was a communist agent. Thus, Benson rejected the civil rights movement, claiming that it was an invitation to promote communist aims and ... More


Radical Baldwin and the FBI: From the Civil Rights Movement to Black Power

Douglas Field

in All Those Strangers: The Art and Lives of James Baldwin

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199384150
eISBN:
9780199384181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199384150.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

Chapter 2 begins with an analysis of Baldwin’s substantial FBI files in order to raise several related points. Why did the Bureau monitor Baldwin so closely? What can his files tell us about Baldwin ... More


J. Edgar Hoover Goes to the Movies: The FBI and the Origins of Hollywood's Cold War

John Sbardellati

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450082
eISBN:
9780801464218
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450082.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Between 1942 and 1958, J. Edgar Hoover's Federal Bureau of Investigation conducted a sweeping and sustained investigation of the motion picture industry to expose Hollywood's alleged subversion of ... More


Dissent Becomes a Federal Case: September 1940–June 1941

Donna T. Haverty-Stacke

in Trotskyists on Trial: Free Speech and Political Persecution Since the Age of FDR

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781479851942
eISBN:
9781479891627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479851942.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Chapter 2 analyzes the relationship between the anticommunist rank-and-file movement within Teamsters Local 544 (the Committee of 100) and the FBI that turned an internal union fight into a criminal ... More


Gimme Some Truth: The John Lennon FBI Files

Jon Wiener

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520216464
eISBN:
9780520924543
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520216464.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book tells the story of the author's remarkable fourteen-year court battle to win release of the FBI's surveillance files on John Lennon under the Freedom of Information Act. The files had been ... More


Hollywood’s Red Scare

John Sbardellati

in J. Edgar Hoover Goes to the Movies: The FBI and the Origins of Hollywood's Cold War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450082
eISBN:
9780801464218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450082.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the red scare in Hollywood, during which suspected Communist artists and entertainers faced the inquisitorial House Committee on Un-American ... More


Black and Red: Accusations of Subversiveness

W. Jason Miller

in Origins of the Dream: Hughes's Poetry and King's Rhetoric

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780813060446
eISBN:
9780813050713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060446.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

This chapter examines the repercussions that resulted when King and Hughes were repeatedly accused of being subversive. After providing insight into how Hughes earned his subversive reputation with ... More


‘What is Past is Prologue’: Hollywood’s History of the OSS and the Establishment of the CIA

Simon Willmetts

in In Secrecy's Shadow: The OSS and CIA in Hollywood Cinema 1941-1979

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748692996
eISBN:
9781474421935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748692996.003.0002
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

At the end of the Second World War, the OSS were swiftly disbanded. In response, OSS chief William “Wild Bill” Donovan launched a massive public relations campaign to celebrate the wartime activities ... More


“A Communist Under Every Bed”

Simeon Booker

in Shocking the Conscience: A Reporter's Account of the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617037894
eISBN:
9781617037900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617037894.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

In August 1956, Dr. T. R. M. Howard, a physician and voting rights activist from Mississippi, left the state forever with his wife and resettled on Chicago’s South Side. There, he became president of ... More


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