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Between Two Empires: Race, History, and Transnationalism in Japanese America

Eiichiro Azuma

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195159400
eISBN:
9780199788545
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159400.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Before World War II, Japanese immigrants, or Issei, forged a unique transnational identity between their native land and the United States. Whether merchants, community leaders, or rural farmers, ... More


Growing Up Bicultural in the United States: The Case of Japanese-Americans

James Fuji Collins

in Navigating Multiple Identities: Race, Gender, Culture, Nationality, and Roles

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199732074
eISBN:
9780199933457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732074.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Theories of identity fail to recognize the flexibility of identity within its social context, a conceptualization that is particularly relevant for Japanese-Americans. This chapter is about ... More


Epilogue: Wartime Racisms, State Nationalisms, and the Collapse of Immigrant Transnationalism

Eiichiro Azuma

in Between Two Empires: Race, History, and Transnationalism in Japanese America

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195159400
eISBN:
9780199788545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159400.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores the wartime and post-war phases of Japanese American history. The Pacific War led to the demise of transnational immigrant history. The collective world view that inspired Issei ... More


Introduction: Immigrant Transnationalism between Two Empires

Eiichiro Azuma

in Between Two Empires: Race, History, and Transnationalism in Japanese America

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195159400
eISBN:
9780199788545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159400.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter lays out the theoretical foundations of the book, which examines the development of transnational ideas, practices, and politics among Japanese immigrants (Issei) in the ... More


Mercantilists, Colonialists, and Laborers: Heterogeneous Origins of Japanese America

Eiichiro Azuma

in Between Two Empires: Race, History, and Transnationalism in Japanese America

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195159400
eISBN:
9780199788545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159400.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores Japan's major attitude to emigration, which helped to produce heterogeneous groups of Issei. As various forms of expansionist thought clashed with the pragmatism of dekasegi ... More


Re-Forming the Immigrant Masses: The Transnational Construction of a Moral Citizenry

Eiichiro Azuma

in Between Two Empires: Race, History, and Transnationalism in Japanese America

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195159400
eISBN:
9780199788545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159400.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the convergence of ideas and practices regarding respective nation-building among the educated elements of Issei men and women, Tokyo's diplomats, and white Californians. It ... More


Zaibei Doho: Racial Exclusion and the Making of an American Minority

Eiichiro Azuma

in Between Two Empires: Race, History, and Transnationalism in Japanese America

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195159400
eISBN:
9780199788545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159400.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter deals with the impact of American racism on the Issei, which contributed to the development of a distinct racial identity among them in relation to other borderland residents. This ... More


The Problem of Generation: Preparing the Nisei for the Future

Eiichiro Azuma

in Between Two Empires: Race, History, and Transnationalism in Japanese America

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195159400
eISBN:
9780199788545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159400.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The related themes of the Issei as pioneers and the Nisei (second generation) as carrying on Japanese development in the United States were central discourses in the upbringing of many American-born ... More


Wages of Immigrant Internationalism: Nisei in the Ancestral Land

Eiichiro Azuma

in Between Two Empires: Race, History, and Transnationalism in Japanese America

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195159400
eISBN:
9780199788545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159400.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the decision of Japanese immigrant parents and leaders to send their children to school abroad. Issei found many advantages in transnational education, including the improvement ... More


Helping Japan, Helping Ourselves: The Meaning of Issei Patriotism

Eiichiro Azuma

in Between Two Empires: Race, History, and Transnationalism in Japanese America

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195159400
eISBN:
9780199788545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159400.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the meanings of Japanese immigrant nationalism. The origin of modern Issei nationalism can be traced to the rise of Japanese militarism in Manchuria in the early 1930s, which ... More


The Making of a Japanese American Race, and Why Are There No “Immigrants” in Postwar Nikkei History and Community?: The Problems of Generation, Region, and Citizenship in Japanese America

Eiichiro Azuma

in Trans-Pacific Japanese American Studies: Conversations on Race and Racializations

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780824847586
eISBN:
9780824873066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824847586.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This study examines how orthodox narratives of Japanese American experience in popular and academic discourse have contributed to the skewed way in which the membership of Japanese America has been ... More


Transplanted Cherries

Samuel O. Regalado

in Nikkei Baseball: Japanese American Players from Immigration and Internment to the Major Leagues

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037351
eISBN:
9780252094538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037351.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter documents the formative years of the Japanese in the United States, as well as the initial pioneers of Nikkei who came to prominence during this time. Though many would travel to the ... More


Japanese Immigrant Settler Colonialism and the Construction of a US National Security Regime against the Transborder “Yellow Peril”

Eiichiro Azuma

in Pacific America: Histories of Transoceanic Crossings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780824855765
eISBN:
9780824875596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824855765.003.0013
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The scholarship on the “Yellow Peril” looks at Japanese immigrants (Issei) as an object of anti-Asian racialization in domestic politics or as a distraction in U.S.-Japanese bilateral diplomacy. ... More


Shin Buddhist Doctrine Reconstructed

Michihiro Ama

in Immigrants to the Pure Land: The Modernization, Acculturation, and Globalization of Shin Buddhism, 1898-1941

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834388
eISBN:
9780824871727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834388.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter investigates the ways in which some Issei ministers construed Shinran’s teaching by borrowing concepts from Christianity, incorporating other Buddhist schools’ practices, and studying ... More


Catching Up

Samuel O. Regalado

in Nikkei Baseball: Japanese American Players from Immigration and Internment to the Major Leagues

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037351
eISBN:
9780252094538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037351.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter examines the scope of Nikkei baseball in the aftermath of the Second World War. Re-entry into mainstream society proved challenging for much of the Nikkei community, particularly as ... More


Americanizing Hawai‘i’s Japanese: A Transnational Partnership and the Politics of Racial Harmony during the 1920s

Hiromi Monobe

in Hawaii at the Crossroads of the U.S. and Japan before the Pacific War

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832254
eISBN:
9780824869267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832254.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This essay presents how four different parties—local Issei leaders, Hawai‘i's white elites, Japanese diplomats, and social elites of Japan—became involved in a “campaign of education” (keihatsu undō) ... More


In Search of a New Identity: Shiga Shigetaka’s Recommendations for Japanese in Hawai‘i

Masako Gavin

in Hawaii at the Crossroads of the U.S. and Japan before the Pacific War

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832254
eISBN:
9780824869267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832254.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses the Japanese immigration to Hawai‘i after the Sino-Japanese War. The wave of migration started in 1885, when 945 Japanese permanently settled in Hawai‘i due to overpopulation ... More


Epilogue

Shiho Imai

in Creating the Nisei Market: Race and Citizenship in Hawaii's Japanese American Consumer Culture

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833329
eISBN:
9780824870232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833329.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This epilogue examines how World War II served as a proving ground for Japanese Americans in Hawaiʻi, as reflected in patriotic advertisements in the ethnic press. It assesses the impact of the ... More


Prelude to Martial Law: Security and the “Japanese Problem”

Harry N. Scheiber and Jane L. Scheiber

in Bayonets in Paradise: Martial Law in Hawai'i during World War II

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824852887
eISBN:
9780824868727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824852887.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

The military government that took over the executive, legislative and judicial functions of the civilian government was the culmination of nearly two decades of planning by the War Department. As ... More


Final War Planning for Hawai‘i, 1939–1941: Martial Law and Selective Internment

Harry N. Scheiber and Jane L. Scheiber

in Bayonets in Paradise: Martial Law in Hawai'i during World War II

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824852887
eISBN:
9780824868727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824852887.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

In the years leading up to the war, the Chief of Staff for Military Intelligence was charged with guarding against subversion among the civilian population and encouraging loyalty to the United ... More


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