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Introduction

Gerhard Bowering

in Islamic Political Thought: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164823
eISBN:
9781400866427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164823.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This introductory chapter begins with a historical perspective of the Islamic world. Islam has grown consistently throughout history, expanding into new neighboring territories without ever ... More


Algebraic Thought in Medieval Islam

Victor J. Katz and Karen Hunger Parshall

in Taming the Unknown: A History of Algebra from Antiquity to the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149059
eISBN:
9781400850525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149059.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter turns to the realm of Islamic mathematics, which lasted longer than both the era of classical Greek mathematics and the age of “modern mathematics.” In the Islamic world, mathematics ... More


India, Tibet, China, Byzantium, and Other Control Cases

Christopher I. Beckwith

in Warriors of the Cloisters: The Central Asian Origins of Science in the Medieval World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155319
eISBN:
9781400845170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155319.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter examines the essential elements that produced a full scientific culture in Western Europe by comparing the constituent elements in the one culture in which it developed with other ... More


Routes and Realms: The Power of Place in the Early Islamic World

Zayde Antrim

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199913879
eISBN:
9780199980178
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199913879.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This book explores the ways in which Muslims expressed attachment to land from the ninth through the eleventh centuries, the earliest period of intensive written production in Arabic. The conceptual ... More


Capital Flight through Islamic Managed Funds

Rodney Wilson

in The Politics of Islamic Finance

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748618361
eISBN:
9780748653089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748618361.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Much of Islamic World finance is generated locally but then invested in the Western markets; this phenomenon is called capital flight. In contrast, Muslim governments mostly fail to raise sufficient ... More


Introduction

Gerald MacLean and Nabil Matar

in Britain and the Islamic World, 1558–1713

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199203185
eISBN:
9780191728433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203185.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter establishes the nature, range, and scope of the whole book. It identifies three geo-political zones in which earliest encounters between Britain and the Islamic world took place: North ... More


Held in Trust: Waqf in the Islamic World

Pascale Gazaleh (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789774163937
eISBN:
9781617970924
Item type:
book
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774163937.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This book contains new studies examining the religious endowments that have historically played a variety of important roles in Muslim communities. Waqfs (pious endowments) long held a crucial place ... More


The Mamlūk Institution, or One Thousand Years of Military Slavery in the Islamic World

Reuven Amitai

in Arming Slaves: From Classical Times to the Modern Age

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300109009
eISBN:
9780300134858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300109009.003.0003
Subject:
History, Military History

From the early ninth century to the first decades of the nineteenth, military slavery was typically the primary form of military organization in regions such as Egypt, India, and the edges of Central ... More


Sacred Interests: The United States and the Islamic World, 1821-1921

Karine Walther

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625393
eISBN:
9781469625416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625393.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, as Americans increasingly came into contact with the Islamic world, U.S. diplomatic, cultural, political, and religious beliefs about Islam ... More


The Mutability of History

Kishwar Rizvi

in The Transnational Mosque: Architecture and Historical Memory in the Contemporary Middle East

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469621166
eISBN:
9781469624952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621166.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The book’s conclusion turns to networks that transcend and subvert the idea of geographic contingency. Mobility defines these groups, such as the architects (such as Abdel-Wahed El-Wakil, Hilmi ... More


Political Opposition in the Islamic Tradition: A Historical Perspective

Peter Sluglett

in Contentious Politics in the Middle East: Political Opposition under Authoritarianism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034744
eISBN:
9780813039077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034744.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Much of the process of governance in the Islamic world and the Middle East over the last fourteen-hundred-odd years can be characterized as unjust and tyrannical, but this was also true for most of ... More


Thinking the Mediterranean

Franco Cassano

in Southern Thought and Other Essays on the Mediterranean

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780823233649
eISBN:
9780823241750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233649.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Fundamentalism appears to be a phenomenon that goes well beyond religion. It constitutes an activist version of ethnocentrism, the belief that leads every group to see itself as the center of the ... More


Why Europe: The Medieval Origins of Its Special Path

Michael Mitterauer

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226532530
eISBN:
9780226532387
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226532387.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Why did capitalism and colonialism arise in Europe and not elsewhere? Why were parliamentarian and democratic forms of government founded there? What factors led to Europe's unique position in ... More


The Mongols and the Islamic World: From Conquest to Conversion

Peter Jackson

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300125337
eISBN:
9780300227284
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300125337.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book is an epic historical consideration of the Mongol conquest of Western Asia and the spread of Islam during the years of non-Muslim rule. The Mongol conquest of the Islamic world began in the ... More


Introduction

Rainer Grote and Tilmann Röder

in Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199759880
eISBN:
9780190259921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199759880.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This introductory chapter begins with a brief history of constitution-making and constitutional reform in the Islamic world. It then describes the emergence of a new constitutional era in the Middle ... More


The Islamic World

Robert Chazan

in Refugees or Migrants: Pre-Modern Jewish Population Movement

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780300218572
eISBN:
9780300240627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300218572.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter describes how Jewish life flourished in the Islamic world. The Jews living in the Islamic world were age-old inhabitants, whose presence much antedated the emergence of Islam; these Jews ... More


Medieval Pathways and Ibn Battuta

Raymond William Baker

in One Islam, Many Muslim Worlds: Spirituality, Identity, and Resistance across the Islamic World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199846474
eISBN:
9780190230784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846474.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The Qur’an explicitly speaks to al Nas, all humanity. In Islam, all human beings are chosen. “One single community” is the description of humankind in the Qur’an. The universal message of Islam ... More


Sicily between Byzantium and the Islamic World

Sarah Davis-Secord

in Where Three Worlds Met: Sicily in the Early Medieval Mediterranean

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781501704642
eISBN:
9781501712593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704642.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter examines patterns of travel and communication that linked Sicily to the Islamic world during the centuries prior to the Muslim conquest in the ninth century. Covering the period of ... More


The Islamic World and Inner Asian Peoples down to the Mongol Invasion

Peter Jackson

in The Mongols and the Islamic World: From Conquest to Conversion

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300125337
eISBN:
9780300227284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300125337.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the relations, down to the eve of the Mongol invasions, between the Dār al-Islām and the nomads of the Eurasian steppe. When Mongol forces headed by Chinggis Khan first invaded ... More


Knowledge Transfers: A Regional Technology Complex?

Geoffrey C. Gunn

in History Without Borders: The Making of an Asian World Region (1000–1800)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789888083343
eISBN:
9789882208988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083343.003.0012
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter summarizes what contributions India, the Islamic world, and China made to the East-Southeast Asian “regional technology complex,” alongside evolutionary trends in indigenous knowledge ... More


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