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Al-KindĪ

Peter Adamson

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This monograph is a comprehensive study of the thought of al-Kindī, the first self-described philosopher in Islam, and the first to write original treatises in Arabic. Al-Kindī’s writings are closely ... More


Avicenna

Jon McGinnis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The aim of the present work is threefold. One, it intends to place the thought of Avicenna within its proper historical context, whether the philosophical-scientific tradition inherited from the ... More


The Problem of Knowledge and the Greco-Islamic Context of the Unification Argument

Ibrahim Kalin

in Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy: Mulla Ṣadrā on Existence, Intellect, and Intuition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199735242
eISBN:
9780199852772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735242.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter traces the history of the unification argument from the Greeks to Mullā Ṣadrā. It begins with earliest statements of the problem in Plato and Aristotle. Aristotle provides the first ... More


Platonopolis in Islam: Al‐Farabi's Perfect State

Dominic J. O’Meara

in Platonopolis: Platonic Political Philosophy in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285532
eISBN:
9780191717819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285532.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter discusses the theory of the perfect state developed by the Islamic philosopher al-Farabi. It is shown that in many respects, al-Farabi’s perfect state corresponds to the political ... More


The Avicennan Heritage

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Prior to Avicenna, philosophy in Arabic-speaking lands was identified with a Neoplatonized Aristotelianism; however, after him it was Avicenna’s philosophical vision that came to dominate, which ... More


Mullā Ṣadrā's Theory of Knowledge and the Unification Argument

Ibrahim Kalin

in Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy: Mulla Ṣadrā on Existence, Intellect, and Intuition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199735242
eISBN:
9780199852772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735242.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter is devoted to a detailed analysis of Ṣadrā's theory of knowledge. As Ṣadrā insists on the principiality of existence in all philosophical problems, it begins with a survey of his ... More


The Heart of Islamic Philosophy: The Quest for Self-Knowledge in the Teachings of Afdal al-Din Kashani

William C. Chittick

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139136
eISBN:
9780199834075
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195139135.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Afdal al‐Dîn Kâshânî, better known as Bâbâ Afdal, died in the village of Maraq near Kashan in central Iran in the year 1210. Little is known of his life or his teachers, only that he taught in Maraq ... More


Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Frank Griffel

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

Al-Ghazali (d. 1111) is one of the most important theologians, philosophers, and Sufis of Islam. Born around 1056 in northeastern Iran, he became the holder of the most prestigious academic post in ... More


The Ismailis in the Middle Ages: A History of Survival, a Search for Salvation

Shafique N. Virani

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195311730
eISBN:
9780199785490
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311730.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

“None of that people should be spared, not even the babe in its cradle”. With these chilling words, the Mongol warlord Genghis Khan declared his intention to destroy the Ismailis, one of the most ... More


Christians, Muslims, and Jews: Cross-pollinations in Medieval Philosophy and Science

in Jews, Christians, and the Abode of Islam: Modern Scholarship, Medieval Realities

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226471075
eISBN:
9780226471099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226471099.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter discusses a monumental project on Islamic philosophy and science. It specifically considers cross-pollinations in philosophy and science that were to have a profound effect in the Latin ... More


Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy: Mulla Ṣadrā on Existence, Intellect, and Intuition

Ibrahim Kalin

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199735242
eISBN:
9780199852772
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735242.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The 17th-century philosopher Ṣadr al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī, known as Mullā Ṣadrā, attempted to reconcile the three major forms of knowledge in Islamic philosophical discourses: revelation (Qurʼān), ... More


The World of Image in Islamic Philosophy: Ibn Sina, Suhrawardi, Shahrazuri and Beyond

L. W. C. van Lit

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474415859
eISBN:
9781474435024
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474415859.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book traces the notion of a world of image from its conception until today. This notion is one of the most original innovations in medieval Islamic philosophy, and is unique compared to other ... More


The Scale of Action: An Intellectual Portrait of al-Ghazālī on the Eve of His Departure from Baghdad

Kenneth Garden

in The First Islamic Reviver: Abu Hamid al-Ghazali and his Revival of the Religious Sciences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199989621
eISBN:
9780199395590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989621.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Al-Ghazali’s departure from Baghdad in 1095 has been understood as the result of a spiritual crisis that led him to a radical break with his past thinking and an embrace of Sufism. But his Scale of ... More


The Revival and Its Agenda

Kenneth Garden

in The First Islamic Reviver: Abu Hamid al-Ghazali and his Revival of the Religious Sciences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199989621
eISBN:
9780199395590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989621.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Al-Ghazali’s masterpiece, the Revival of the Religious Sciences, has been misunderstood and mischaracterized. It is not a work of Sufism, but of what al-Ghazali calls the “Science of the Hereafter.” ... More


The First Islamic Reviver: Abu Hamid al-Ghazali and his Revival of the Religious Sciences

Kenneth Garden

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199989621
eISBN:
9780199395590
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989621.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Building on recent revisionist scholarship, this book offers a new overview of the last two decades of the life of the seminal 11th-century Islamic thinker Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (d. 1111). It focuses ... More


The Temptations of Grammar

Arshin Adib-Moghaddam

in A Metahistory of the Clash of Civilisations: Us and Them Beyond Orientalism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199333523
eISBN:
9780190235611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333523.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Chapter 2 delves into the depth of the grammatical structure of the clash regime. In its wealth of exclusionary dictums the clash regime circulates around a set of syntactical, epistemological and ... More


The Arabic Freud: Psychoanalysis and Islam in Modern Egypt

Omnia El Shakry

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174792
eISBN:
9781400888030
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174792.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

In 1945, psychologist Yusuf Murad introduced an Arabic term borrowed from the medieval Sufi philosopher and mystic Ibn ʿArabi—al-la-shuʿur—as a translation for Sigmund Freud's concept of the ... More


Introduction

Kenneth Garden

in The First Islamic Reviver: Abu Hamid al-Ghazali and his Revival of the Religious Sciences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199989621
eISBN:
9780199395590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989621.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Earlier generations of scholarship had presented al-Ghazali as an inwardly directed mystic primarily concerned with his own salvation and the definitive refuter of Islam’s philosophical tradition. ... More


Mullā Ṣadrā

Ibrahim Kalin

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199451173
eISBN:
9780199082858
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199451173.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This book surveys Mulla Sadra’s thought and situates it in the Islamic intellectual tradition. As one of the most prominent figures of post-Avicennan Islamic philosophy, Mulla Sadra sought, in his ... More


Separation, the Sound of the Rhizomatic Ney, and Sacred Embodiment

Denise Gill

in Melancholic Modalities: Affect, Islam, and Turkish Classical Musicians

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190495008
eISBN:
9780190495039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190495008.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

Chapter 2 demonstrates the depth to which rhizomatic analysis can be utilized with a single sound and word: Hû. I study Hû as a sound, as instrument technique for the end-blown reed flute, the ney, ... More


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