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Politics: Ideology

Paul Thagard

in Mind-Society: From Brains to Social Sciences and Professions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190678722
eISBN:
9780190686420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190678722.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Ideologies are coherent systems of concepts, values, and other representations that operate in a group of people to justify the current situation or to motivate change. These sets of values spread ... More


The Sectarianism of the Islamic State: Ideological Roots and Political Context

Hassan Hassan

in Beyond Sunni and Shia: The Roots of Sectarianism in a Changing Middle East

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190876050
eISBN:
9780190942953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190876050.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

The Islamic State’s ideology is multifaceted and cannot be traced to one individual, movement, or period. The Islamic State presents itself as the representative of authentic Islam as practiced by ... More


The Kingdom and the Caliphate: Saudi Arabia and the Islamic State

Cole Bunzel

in Beyond Sunni and Shia: The Roots of Sectarianism in a Changing Middle East

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190876050
eISBN:
9780190942953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190876050.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

Since late 2014 the Islamic State has declared war on Saudi Arabia and launched a series of terrorist attacks on Saudi soil intended to start an uprising. In a further attack on the Saudi kingdom, ... More


Following Current Paths of Destruction: ISIS and Beyond

Ondřej Beránek and Pavel Ťupek

in The Temptation of Graves in Salafi Islam: Iconoclasm, Destruction and Idolatry

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474417570
eISBN:
9781474444774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474417570.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter outlines the context within which various iconoclastic incidents have taken place in various parts of the Islamic world in recent years. After focusing on ISIS and the massive ... More


The Governance of Religious Diversity in Malaysia: Islam in a Secular State or Secularism in an Islamic State?

Ahmad Fauzi Abdul Hamid and Zawawi Ibrahim

in The Problem of Religious Diversity: European Challenges, Asian Approaches

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474419086
eISBN:
9781474435291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474419086.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The end of World War II in 1945 heralded a bipolar world order in which the United States of America (USA)-led Western and Soviet Union-led Eastern blocs became competing pivots for global political ... More


The Power of a Weak State: Sudan’s Relations with Saudi Arabia and Egypt

Lawrence Rubin

in Islam in the Balance: Ideational Threats in Arab Politics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804790796
eISBN:
9780804792103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804790796.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines Sudan's relations with Egypt and Saudi Arabia from the 1970s through 2000, covering the periods before and after Islamists came to power there. The chapter's argument is that ... More


Defining Success and Failure

Haroro Ingram, Craig Whiteside, and Charlie Winter

in The ISIS Reader: Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197501436
eISBN:
9780197520789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197501436.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Chapter 12 features Abu Muhammad al-Adnani’s May 2016 speech, ‘That They Live By Proof’, which was translated and published by Islamic State’s al-Hayat Media. At the time of this speech, it was ... More


Terrorism and extremism

Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

in African security in the twenty-first century: Challenges and opportunities

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526122735
eISBN:
9781526136190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526122735.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Since September 2001, the struggle against international terrorism and extremism across the globe has become a defining security paradigm of the 21st century. Africa is now an inescapable and ... More


Religion and International Crimes: The Case of the Islamic State

Pieter Nanninga

in Perpetrators of International Crimes: Theories, Methods, and Evidence

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198829997
eISBN:
9780191868375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829997.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter introduces insights from the field of religious studies to research on perpetrators in order to examine the relationship between religion and international crimes. To this end, the ... More


Al-Qaeda: Religious Ideology and Organizational Resilience

Jenna Jordan

in Leadership Decapitation: Strategic Targeting of Terrorist Organizations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781503608245
eISBN:
9781503610675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503608245.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

Chapter 7 looks at the impact that decapitation attacks have had upon the operational capacity and organizational strength of al-Qaeda Central and al-Qaeda as a whole.


Monsters in the “jihadi revolutionary atmosphere”

Marco Pinfari

in Terrorists as Monsters: The Unmanageable Other from the French Revolution to the Islamic State

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190927875
eISBN:
9780190927912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190927875.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter continues with the analysis of the terrorist “actor” by highlighting how the establishment of a “revolutionary atmosphere” through the use of political violence has been a goal of ... More


ISIS Propaganda: A Full-Spectrum Extremist Message

Stephane J. Baele, Katharine A. Boyd, and Travis G. Coan (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190932459
eISBN:
9780190097097
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190932459.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

ISIS Propaganda offers a comprehensive overview and analysis of the Islamic State’s (IS) propaganda. Combining a range of different theoretical perspectives from across the social sciences and using ... More


The Islamic State

Ariel I. Ahram

in Break all the Borders: Separatism and the Reshaping of the Middle East

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190917371
eISBN:
9780190917418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190917371.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Chapter 6 is about the Islamic State. IS in some respects stood as the outlier among these cases. It adamantly rejected the sovereignty of all existing states and asserted that its own independence ... More


The Strategic Logic of Islamic State’s Full-Spectrum Propaganda: Coherence, Comprehensiveness, and Multidimensionality

Haroro J. Ingram

in ISIS Propaganda: A Full-Spectrum Extremist Message

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190932459
eISBN:
9780190097097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190932459.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter broadly canvasses the strategic logic of the Islamic State’s (IS) propaganda strategy by examining how its key constituent parts are interlocking in a sophisticated approach to ... More


Situating Islamic State’s Message: A Social and Theological Genealogy

Mehdi Laghmari

in ISIS Propaganda: A Full-Spectrum Extremist Message

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190932459
eISBN:
9780190097097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190932459.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter offers a presentation of the message conveyed in Islamic State (IS) propaganda, as well as an in-depth exploration of its social and theological origins. The chapter thus clarifies the ... More


Women in the Islamic State

Haroro Ingram, Craig Whiteside, and Charlie Winter

in The ISIS Reader: Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197501436
eISBN:
9780197520789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197501436.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter focuses on a document published by supporters of the Islamic State in late January 2015. Entitled, ‘Women in the Islamic State: A manifesto and case study,’ the text was attributed to ... More


Violence and Gender Politics in the Proto-State “Islamic State”

Katherine E. Brown

in Revisiting Gendered States: Feminist Imaginings of the State in International Relations

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190644031
eISBN:
9780190644079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190644031.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

This chapter explores the idea of the so-called Islamic State, also known as Daesh, as a proto-state. A proto-state operates in an environment of extreme instability but also, like the nucleus of an ... More


Salafism and Libya’s State Collapse: The Case of the Madkhalis

Frederic Wehrey and Anouar Boukhars

in Salafism in the Maghreb: Politics, Piety, and Militancy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190942403
eISBN:
9780190942441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190942403.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Libya’s post-2011 fragmentation, factionalism, and violent civil have profoundly transformed its Salafi landscape. In contrast to other states where a coherent central government plays a role in ... More


“The Only Game in Town”: The Strategy and Effectiveness of the CIA’s Lethal Drone Campaign, 2009–2012

Christopher J. Fuller

in See It/Shoot It: The Secret History of the CIA's Lethal Drone Program

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300218541
eISBN:
9780300227673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300218541.003.0008
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter focuses on the notions of accuracy, collateral damage, and blowback, assessing just how accurate the CIA's program is, and the extent to which it has aided the United States in its ... More


The Matrix of Islamic State’s Propaganda: Magazines

Stephane J. Baele and Katharine A. Boyd

Travis G. Coan (ed.)

in ISIS Propaganda: A Full-Spectrum Extremist Message

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190932459
eISBN:
9780190097097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190932459.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter offers an overview of the Islamic State’s (IS) magazines, discusses their main features, and analyzes their content. Focusing on the language and images used to promote the group’s ... More


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