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The Sectarianism of the Islamic State: Ideological Roots and Political Context

Hassan Hassan

in Beyond Sunni and Shia: The Roots of Sectarianism in a Changing Middle East

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190876050
eISBN:
9780190942953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190876050.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

The Islamic State’s ideology is multifaceted and cannot be traced to one individual, movement, or period. The Islamic State presents itself as the representative of authentic Islam as practiced by ... More


The Kingdom and the Caliphate: Saudi Arabia and the Islamic State

Cole Bunzel

in Beyond Sunni and Shia: The Roots of Sectarianism in a Changing Middle East

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190876050
eISBN:
9780190942953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190876050.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

Since late 2014 the Islamic State has declared war on Saudi Arabia and launched a series of terrorist attacks on Saudi soil intended to start an uprising. In a further attack on the Saudi kingdom, ... More


Following Current Paths of Destruction: ISIS and Beyond

Ondřej Beránek and Pavel Ťupek

in The Temptation of Graves in Salafi Islam: Iconoclasm, Destruction and Idolatry

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474417570
eISBN:
9781474444774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474417570.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter outlines the context within which various iconoclastic incidents have taken place in various parts of the Islamic world in recent years. After focusing on ISIS and the massive ... More


Politics: Ideology

Paul Thagard

in Mind-Society: From Brains to Social Sciences and Professions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190678722
eISBN:
9780190686420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190678722.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Ideologies are coherent systems of concepts, values, and other representations that operate in a group of people to justify the current situation or to motivate change. These sets of values spread ... More


The Governance of Religious Diversity in Malaysia: Islam in a Secular State or Secularism in an Islamic State?

Ahmad Fauzi Abdul Hamid and Zawawi Ibrahim

in The Problem of Religious Diversity: European Challenges, Asian Approaches

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474419086
eISBN:
9781474435291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474419086.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The end of World War II in 1945 heralded a bipolar world order in which the United States of America (USA)-led Western and Soviet Union-led Eastern blocs became competing pivots for global political ... More


The Power of a Weak State: Sudan’s Relations with Saudi Arabia and Egypt

Lawrence Rubin

in Islam in the Balance: Ideational Threats in Arab Politics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804790796
eISBN:
9780804792103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804790796.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines Sudan's relations with Egypt and Saudi Arabia from the 1970s through 2000, covering the periods before and after Islamists came to power there. The chapter's argument is that ... More


Terrorism and extremism

Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

in African security in the twenty-first century: Challenges and opportunities

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526122735
eISBN:
9781526136190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526122735.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Since September 2001, the struggle against international terrorism and extremism across the globe has become a defining security paradigm of the 21st century. Africa is now an inescapable and ... More


Religion and International Crimes: The Case of the Islamic State

Pieter Nanninga

in Perpetrators of International Crimes: Theories, Methods, and Evidence

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198829997
eISBN:
9780191868375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829997.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter introduces insights from the field of religious studies to research on perpetrators in order to examine the relationship between religion and international crimes. To this end, the ... More


The Islamic State

Ariel I. Ahram

in Break all the Borders: Separatism and the Reshaping of the Middle East

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190917371
eISBN:
9780190917418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190917371.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Chapter 6 is about the Islamic State. IS in some respects stood as the outlier among these cases. It adamantly rejected the sovereignty of all existing states and asserted that its own independence ... More


Violence and Gender Politics in the Proto-State “Islamic State”

Katherine E. Brown

in Revisiting Gendered States: Feminist Imaginings of the State in International Relations

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190644031
eISBN:
9780190644079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190644031.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

This chapter explores the idea of the so-called Islamic State, also known as Daesh, as a proto-state. A proto-state operates in an environment of extreme instability but also, like the nucleus of an ... More


Debating Secularism: Islam, Statehood and Democracy

Carool Kersten

in Islam in Indonesia: The Contest for Society, Ideas and Values

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190247775
eISBN:
9780190638528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190247775.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines the relation between Islam, state and democracy, beginning with the analyses of two political scientists Using substantivist Islamic political theory, Bahtiar Effendy identifies ... More


“The Only Game in Town”: The Strategy and Effectiveness of the CIA’s Lethal Drone Campaign, 2009–2012

Christopher J. Fuller

in See It/Shoot It: The Secret History of the CIA's Lethal Drone Program

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300218541
eISBN:
9780300227673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300218541.003.0008
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter focuses on the notions of accuracy, collateral damage, and blowback, assessing just how accurate the CIA's program is, and the extent to which it has aided the United States in its ... More


Religion as Critique: Islamic Critical Thinking from Mecca to the Marketplace

Irfan Ahmad

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635095
eISBN:
9781469635101
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635095.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Irfan Ahmad makes the far-reaching argument that potent systems and modes for self-critique as well as critique of others are inherent in Islam—indeed, critique is integral to its fundamental tenets ... More


From 25 January to Islamic State: Transitions in Egyptian Jihadist Narratives

Simon Staffell

in Jihadism Transformed: Al-Qaeda and Islamic State's Global Battle of Ideas

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190650292
eISBN:
9780190686499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190650292.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

The history of the jihadist movement in Egypt provides important lessons about its possible future trajectories. This chapter sets out the history of jihadism in Egypt from Al-Gama‘a al-Islamiyya ... More


The political and security repercussions of Islamic State in the MENA region

Marién Durán and Víctor Bados

in Political Change in the Middle East and North Africa: After the Arab Spring

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474415286
eISBN:
9781474438551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474415286.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter examines the political, territorial and security repercussions of the self-proclaimed Islamic State (IS) for the MENA region, and particularly in Syria, Iraq and Libya. The proclamation ... More


Introduction: The Stupid Terrorist

Max Abrahms

in Rules for Rebels: The Science of Victory in Militant History

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198811558
eISBN:
9780191848438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811558.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Islamic State was depicted in the media as a bunch of terrorist masterminds. The leadership was supposedly strategic to maximize fear by encouraging Muslims to inflict bloodshed around the world and ... More


Jihadism Transformed: Al-Qaeda and Islamic State's Global Battle of Ideas

Simon Staffell and Akil Awan (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190650292
eISBN:
9780190686499
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190650292.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Jihadist narratives have evolved dramatically over the past five years, driven by momentous events in the Middle East and beyond; the death of bin Laden; the rise and ultimate failure of the Arab ... More


Beyond Narrative: How and Why Islamically Inspired Narratives of Political Violence Resonate in Contemporary Tunisia

Jonathan Githens-Mazer

in Jihadism Transformed: Al-Qaeda and Islamic State's Global Battle of Ideas

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190650292
eISBN:
9780190686499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190650292.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter addresses the symbolic power of narratives of Islamic resistance in the Tunisian context. This includes understanding why Islam constitutes a template to challenge to the politics of the ... More


The Domestic Politics of Let

C. Christine Fair

in In Their Own Words: Understanding Lashkar-e-Tayyaba

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190909482
eISBN:
9780190077891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190909482.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Most scholars of Lashkar-e-Tayyaba/Jamaat ud Dawah (LeT/JuD) tend to view the tanzeem as a proxy militia for the Pakistani army. While the organization certainly performs this role, this narrow ... More


The ‘Islamic State’ and al-Qaeda

Nelly Lahoud

in Jihadism Transformed: Al-Qaeda and Islamic State's Global Battle of Ideas

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190650292
eISBN:
9780190686499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190650292.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

The Iraq-based group that was once led by Abu Mus‘ab al-Zarqawi and called “Jama‘at al-Tawhid wa-al-Jihad” is the only regional jihadi group that was brought under Al-Qaeda’s fold by Osama bin Laden. ... More


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