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A Modern Conception of Death

Dan Bouk

in How Our Days Became Numbered: Risk and the Rise of the Statistical Individual

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226259178
eISBN:
9780226259208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226259208.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter begins with Frederick Hoffman’s traditional, predictive risk making. It then considers how the disruption of the Armstrong investigations created an opportunity for reformers like Irving ... More


Fisher and Byushgens

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This is the third of five chapters about the cost of living problem and price indices, a typical area for what is understood as choice theory. Together with the next two chapters, it discusses ... More


Lessons for Living:: Irving Fisher, National Vitality, and Human Conservation

Ian Tyrrel

in Crisis of the Wasteful Nation: Empire and Conservation in Theodore Roosevelt's America

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226197760
eISBN:
9780226197937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226197937.003.0009
Subject:
History, Environmental History

Argues that conservation came to encompass human health as part of social and environmental sustainability; stresses the role of Irving Fisher in this campaign; and examines ideas of race suicide and ... More


The True Index

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This is the second of five chapters about the cost of living problem and price indices, a typical area for what is understood as choice theory. It discusses the price index, which is associated with ... More


The Four‐Point Formula

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This is the fourth of five chapters about the cost of living problem and price indices, a typical area for what is understood as choice theory. Together with the previous and next chapters it ... More


Fisher's Quest

Nathaniel Comfort

in The Science of Human Perfection: How Genes Became the Heart of American Medicine

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300169911
eISBN:
9780300188875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300169911.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter discusses Irving Fisher's quest in seeking treatment for tuberculosis, an illness then known to be caused by a germ, and his eventual cure and crusade for a healthier living across the ... More


Wald's ‘New Formula’

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This is the last of five chapters about the cost of living problem and price indices, a typical area for what is understood as choice theory. Together with the previous two chapters, it discusses ... More


“I Saw One Woman Faint”: Toward a Sociology of Panic

John Marsh

in The Emotional Life of the Great Depression

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198847731
eISBN:
9780191882425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198847731.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

The chapter on panic begins—as it must—with Orson Welles’s 1938 War of the Worlds, the panic it inspired, and the scholarly debate about panic that it also began. With War of the Worlds as a ... More


The Threat of the Impossible

John Kenneth Galbraith and James K. Galbraith

in Money: Whence It Came, Where It Went

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171661
eISBN:
9781400889082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171661.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the question of inflation during the tenure of Franklin D. Roosevelt. The election of Roosevelt as president of the United States in 1933 had deepened the fear of inflation. A ... More


The Separate Personality of Money

John Kenneth Galbraith

in Economics in Perspective: A Critical History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171647
eISBN:
9781400889075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171647.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the role of money and its management, the origins of what is known today as monetarism. It first provides a brief history of money, focusing on the steps that accorded money its ... More


Still on the Quest for a Unit: Utility Measurement in Wieser, Böhm-Bawerk, Edgeworth, Fisher, and Marshall, 1880–1910

Ivan Moscati

in Measuring Utility: From the Marginal Revolution to Behavioral Economics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780199372768
eISBN:
9780199372805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199372768.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Chapter 3 moves to the second generation of marginalists and examines how Friedrich von Wieser, Eugen von Böhm-Bawerk, Francis Ysidro Edgeworth, Irving Fisher, and Alfred Marshall conceived of ... More


What You Want to Hear: Hope in the Great Depression

John Marsh

in The Emotional Life of the Great Depression

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198847731
eISBN:
9780191882425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198847731.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter discusses hope, how it works, and what people in the 1930s hoped for. It begins with a late science fiction story (Isaac Asimov’s “Liar!”) that reveals how hope works or, at least, how ... More


The Index Number Problem: Construction Theorems

Sydney Afriat

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199670581
eISBN:
9780191773785
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670581.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics, Microeconomics

A theft amounting to £1 was a capital offence in 1260 and a judge in 1610 affirmed the law could not then be applied since £1 was no longer what it was. Such association of money with a date is well ... More


Public Health and the Greater Good

Gerard N. Burrow

in A History of Yale's School of Medicine: Passing Torches to Others

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300092073
eISBN:
9780300132885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300092073.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter describes how the establishment of Yale's Department of Public Health resulted from the creation of the Anna R. Lauder Chair of Public Health with a gift of $500,000 from the Lauder ... More


Going Empirical: The Econometric and Experimental Approaches to Utility Measurement of Frisch and Thurstone, 1925–1945

Ivan Moscati

in Measuring Utility: From the Marginal Revolution to Behavioral Economics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780199372768
eISBN:
9780199372805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199372768.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Chapter 7 discusses two early attempts to measure utility empirically. In 1926, Norwegian Ragnar Frisch applied an econometric approach to measure the marginal utility of money. Following a ... More


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