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The United Nations Compensation Commission

Hans van Houtte, Hans Das, and Bart Delmartino

in The Handbook of Reparations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199291922
eISBN:
9780191603716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199291926.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In the aftermath of the 1990-1991 Gulf War, the UN Security Council determined that Iraq was liable under international law for any direct damage resulting from its unlawful invasion and occupation ... More


Iraq, the United States, and the “Coalition of the Willing”

Sarah E. Kreps

in Coalitions of Convenience: United States Military Interventions after the Cold War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199753796
eISBN:
9780199827152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753796.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the case of the 2003 Iraq War. One of the most unilateral interventions in the post-Cold War period, this case challenges this book's argument. With long time horizons (absent a ... More


Coalitions of Convenience: United States Military Interventions after the Cold War

Sarah E. Kreps

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199753796
eISBN:
9780199827152
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753796.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

When the Clinton Administration sent the United States military into Haiti in 1994, it first sought United Nations authorization and assembled a large coalition of allies. With a defense budget ... More


Inequality and U.S. Casualties from WWII to Iraq

Douglas L. Kriner and Francis X. Shen

in The Casualty Gap: The Causes and Consequences of American Wartime Inequalities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390964
eISBN:
9780199776788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390964.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents data that provide strong evidence that U.S. combat casualties are not distributed uniformly across society. Beginning with the Korean War, some communities, particularly those ... More


Political Ramifications of the Iraq Casualty Gap

Douglas L. Kriner and Francis X. Shen

in The Casualty Gap: The Causes and Consequences of American Wartime Inequalities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390964
eISBN:
9780199776788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390964.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Combining individual-level survey data with state and county electoral returns, this chapter empirically investigates whether the relationships between local casualties, public opinion, and voting ... More


Evangelical vs. Liberal: The Clash of Christian Cultures in the Pacific Northwest

James K. Wellman

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195300116
eISBN:
9780199868742
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300116.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The book is the first in-depth ethnographic study of churched religion in the Pacific Northwest. It describes and explains how Protestant churches survive and thrive in the most unchurched region of ... More


Preventive War, What Is It Good For?

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

in Preemption: Military Action and Moral Justification

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233137
eISBN:
9780191716270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233137.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that although Bush's preventive war in Iraq is morally wrong, and his policy is too broad, some exceptional preventive wars can still be morally justified. It develops and defends ... More


 Religion and Politics

James K. Wellman Jr.

in Evangelical vs. Liberal: The Clash of Christian Cultures in the Pacific Northwest

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195300116
eISBN:
9780199868742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300116.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter argues that religion and state are “isomorphic,” that is they mirror, react, and respond to each other. Each shapes group identities and each mobilizes group action and thus, they ... More


Willing and Politically Able: Democratic Constraint and Coalition Joining

Matthew A. Baum and Philip B. K. Potter

in War and Democratic Constraint: How the Public Influences Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164984
eISBN:
9781400866472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164984.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the effects of party systems and media access on public attitudes and government decisions regarding coalition joining in the periods leading up to and immediately following the ... More


What Would a Justified Preventive Military Attack Look Like?

Henry Shue

in Preemption: Military Action and Moral Justification

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233137
eISBN:
9780191716270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233137.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses the characteristics of a justified preventive military action. These are that (i) it must be limited to the effective elimination, including the prevention of the return, of ... More


Dramatic Circumstances, Dramatic Ambivalence: Congress Post-9/11

Jasmine Farrier

in Congressional Ambivalence: The Political Burdens of Constitutional Authority

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813192628
eISBN:
9780813135496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813192628.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the seemingly unique post-9/11 political landscape, which also showcases the cycle of ambivalence in a very different and more condensed context. In the early months and years ... More


Beyond Strauss, Lies and the War in Iraq: A Critique of Neoconservatism

Patricia Owens

in Between War and Politics: International Relations and the Thought of Hannah Arendt

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199299362
eISBN:
9780191715051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299362.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

Arendt articulated the dangers of moralism in the political realm that avoids realist cynicism. She is better placed to challenge the neoconservative vision of international affairs, ideological ... More


Into the Gulf

Jeremy Salt

in The Unmaking of the Middle East: A History of Western Disorder in Arab Lands

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255517
eISBN:
9780520934757
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255517.003.0013
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines issues related to the Iran–Iraq War from 1980 to 1988. This conflict was led by Ayatullah Ruhullah Khumayni of Iran and Saddam Hussein al Tikriti of Iraq, which eventually led ... More


Iraq—Win the Battle, Lose the War

Spencer D. Bakich

in Success and Failure in Limited War: Information and Strategy in the Korean, Vietnam, Persian Gulf, and Iraq Wars

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226107684
eISBN:
9780226107851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226107851.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The Iraq War was a mixed outcome for the United States: a military success but diplomatic failure. Militarily, America sought the overthrow of Saddam Hussein's regime with a minimal amount of combat ... More


The United States and Iraq since 1979: Hegemony, Oil and War

Steven Hurst

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748627677
eISBN:
9780748672103
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627677.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This book examines American policy toward Iraq between 1979 and 2009. In that period American policy evolved through a series of stages: Initially, the Iranian Revolution and fear of an Iranian ... More


Legitimacy and Consensus

Ian Clark

in Legitimacy in International Society

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199219193
eISBN:
9780191717734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219193.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the issue of consensus, and what this means for contemporary society. Topics discussed include the nature of consensus, the kind of consensus important in international society, ... More


Iraq: The Twenty Years’ War

John Tirman

in The Deaths of Others: The Fate of Civilians in America's Wars

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780195381214
eISBN:
9780190252373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195381214.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the consequences of America's invasion of Iraq in 2003, particularly the death of hundreds of thousands of Iraqis and the displacement of millions of others. It considers the ... More


The United States versus Iraq: The Gulf and Iraq Wars

Phil Haun

in Coercion, Survival, and War: Why Weak States Resist the United States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780804792837
eISBN:
9780804795074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804792837.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter considers two crises between the United States and Iraq. In the 1991 Gulf War and the 2003 Iraq War, the United States adopted coercive strategies which threatened the survival of ... More


Intelligence, Policy, and the War in Iraq

Joshua Rovner

in Fixing the Facts: National Security and the Politics of Intelligence

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448294
eISBN:
9780801463136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448294.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter examines intelligence–policy relations during the Iraq War. It makes four claims. First, policymakers in the US and UK did attempt to manipulate intelligence on Iraq, and their efforts ... More


Overselling the Iraq War

John M. Schuessler

in Deceit on the Road to War: Presidents, Politics, and American Democracy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453595
eISBN:
9781501701627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453595.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter focuses on how overselling enabled President George W. Bush to secure domestic support for the Iraq War. It first discusses why Bush invaded Iraq. The key takeaway is that, however much ... More


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