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Introduction

Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr

in Democracy in Iran: History and the Quest for Liberty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195189674
eISBN:
9780199784134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195189671.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of Iran's experiences in state-building. It then discusses the prospects of democracy in Iran, Iranian history in the 20th century, and ... More


The Life and Times of the Shah

Gholam RezaAfkhami

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253285
eISBN:
9780520942165
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253285.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This biography is an insider's account of the life and times of Mohammad Reza Shah, who ruled from 1941 to 1979 as the last Iranian monarch. The book takes advantage of unparalleled access to a large ... More


Genealogy and Ethnogenesis in al-Mas’udi's Muruj al-dhahab

Sarah Bowen Savant

in Genealogy and Knowledge in Muslim Societies: Understanding the Past

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780748644971
eISBN:
9781474400831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748644971.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines how the litterateur and historian al-Mas'udi manipulated the genealogical record at a time when Muslims generally believed that all of humanity had descended from Adam. In Muruj ... More


Crude Extractions: The Voice in Iranian Cinema

Negar Mottadeheh

in Locating the Voice in Film: Critical Approaches and Global Practices

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190261122
eISBN:
9780190261153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190261122.003.0014
Subject:
Music, History, American, History, Western

This chapter argues that the film industry that emerged in the context of the upheavals of the 1940s and 1950s in Iran was not only catalyzed by the aesthetics of oil slicks and fires, of land ... More


In Defense of the Family of the Prophet

Afshon Ostovar

in Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Iran has had a vested interest in shaping the outcomes of the Arab Spring. The IRGC had learned with the fall of Saddam that it could successfully exploit power vacuums for strategic gains. Syria’s ... More


The Long War

Afshon Ostovar

in Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

After the successful spring 1982 offenses, Iran’s leaders decided to push into Iraq. The counter-invasion of Iraq was a turning point in the war. The IRGC’s influence in the war steadily grew during ... More


The War on Terror

Afshon Ostovar

in Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

September 11th opened a window for brief collaboration between Tehran and Washington. Through Iranian diplomats, the IRGC’s Qods Force, and its chief, Qassem Soleimani, provided intelligence to ... More


Introduction

Afshon Ostovar

in Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter begins with a narrative of the 2011 takeover of the British Embassy in Tehran by Basij students. The semiotics of the episode are used to explain some of the core characteristics of the ... More


Big Bang, Big Crunch

Afshon Ostovar

in Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

President Barack Obama sought a new beginning with Iran, but the violence that followed the contested re-election of Mahmud Ahmadinejad made that impossible. The IRGC and Basij were deeply involved ... More


The Imposed War

Afshon Ostovar

in Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter covers the first period of the Iran-Iraq war, from Saddam’s invasion in September 1980 to the spring offenses of 1982. The IRGC had little training or resources when the war began. Its ... More


Exporting the Revolution

Afshon Ostovar

in Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses Iran’s desire to export its revolution and the IRGC’s role in that effort. After war with Saddam began, exporting the revolution became a divisive issue that split the ... More


Warriors of Karbala

Afshon Ostovar

in Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Shiite Islam is central to the IRGC’s organizational identity. This chapter examines the organization’s approach to identity formation and how it expressed that identity through cultural work. Early ... More


Vanguard of the Imam

Afshon Ostovar

in Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter covers the emergence of the IRGC and its role in monopolization of pro-Khomeini clerical power after Iran’s 1979 revolution. During this period, the IRGC was a fledgling organization ... More


Conclusion

Afshon Ostovar

in Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

The concluding chapter returns to the central themes of the book: the role of conflict—regional, political, religious, and ideological—in the formation of the IRGC and the Islamic Republic; the ... More


Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Afshon Ostovar

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This book is about the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) and its ascent to become one of the most formidable entities in Iran and the Middle East. It follows the organization from its birth ... More


When Johnny Comes Marching Home

Afshon Ostovar

in Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the postwar expansion of the IRGC. A key transformation during this period was the decision by Iranian President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani to avoid total demobilization by ... More


Slaves in Name Only: Free Women as Royal Concubines in Late Timurid Iran and Central Asia

Usman Hamid

in Concubines and Courtesans: Women and Slavery in Islamic History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190622183
eISBN:
9780190622213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190622183.003.0010
Subject:
History, Middle East History, World Medieval History

The chapter considers concubines of the ruling Timurid house of 15th-century eastern Iran and Transoxiana. Conventional wisdom holds that concubinage was a legal arrangement in which slave owners ... More


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