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Global Competition Law: A Project Conceived and Abandoned

David J. Gerber

in Global Competition: Law, Markets, and Globalization

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228225
eISBN:
9780191711350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228225.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Competition Law

This chapter analyzes transnational efforts to develop a global competition regime during the first half of the 20th century. It reveals that these early experiences were far richer and had far more ... More


Inauguration: The Demise of the ITO and the Rise of Bilateral Treaties (Mid-1940s–Late 1960s)

Thomas L. Brewer and Stephen Young

in The Multilateral Investment System and Multinational Enterprises

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198293156
eISBN:
9780191684951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293156.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Political Economy

This chapter describes the establishment of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the unsuccessful efforts to create the International Trade Organization (ITO) during the early ... More


Sustainable International Trade, Investment and Competition Law

Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger and Ashfaq Khalfan

in Sustainable Development Law: Principles, Practices, and Prospects

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199276707
eISBN:
9780191699900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276707.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter identifies emerging issues in international sustainable development law, primarily from recent developments in international economic law. Different economic instruments at global and ... More


Seeking a Multilateral Treaty on Investment: The International Trade Organization

Kenneth J. Vandevelde

in The First Bilateral Investment Treaties: U.S. Postwar Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation Treaties

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190679576
eISBN:
9780190679606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190679576.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

The United States sought after World War II to promote a liberal trade regime through the creation of an International Trade Organization. Developing countries wanted to include provisions on ... More


Harmonization of Competition Law

Junji Nakagawa

in International Harmonization of Economic Regulation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199604661
eISBN:
9780191731679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604661.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter analyzes international harmonization of competition law and policy. This is the only regulatory area in which no formal international body for harmonization exists, despite repeated ... More


Dawn over Bretton Woods

Harry Blutstein

in The Ascent of Globalisation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784992897
eISBN:
9781526104311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992897.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The global economic order that emerged at the end of the Second World War was the work of two men: John Maynard Keynes and Harry Dexter White. This chapter describes the tense negotiations between ... More


Abandoning the International Trade Organization

Kenneth J. Vandevelde

in The First Bilateral Investment Treaties: U.S. Postwar Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation Treaties

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190679576
eISBN:
9780190679606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190679576.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

The U.S. business committee criticized the modifications to the U.S.-proposed investment provisions in the Charter, asserting that the adoption of such provisions would undermine investment ... More


International Law and Market Coordination

Robert Schütze

in From International to Federal Market: The Changing Structure of European Law

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198803379
eISBN:
9780191841576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803379.003.0002
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

What are the legal instruments regulating international trade? This chapter answers this question in two steps. Section I explores the classic international law model that accommodated the ... More


International Trade

Clint Peinhardt and Todd Sandler

in Transnational Cooperation: An Issue-Based Approach

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199398607
eISBN:
9780199398645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199398607.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter presents the principle of comparative advantage and makes the case that, for most countries, free trade is an optimal policy choice. However, free trade is almost never implemented in ... More


The Havana Charter and Customs Union

Jacob Viner

in The Customs Union Issue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199756124
eISBN:
9780190261337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199756124.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter discusses the Charter of the International Trade Organization (Charter), which was formed at Havana on March 24, 1948. The Charter contains important provisions relating to customs ... More


The First Bilateral Investment Treaties: U.S. Postwar Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation Treaties

Kenneth J. Vandevelde

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190679576
eISBN:
9780190679606
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190679576.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This book is the first (and only) history of the U.S. postwar Friendship, Commerce and Navigation (FCN) treaty program and focuses on the investment-related provisions of those treaties. The 22 U.S. ... More


Prospects for Customs Unions

Jacob Viner

in The Customs Union Issue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199756124
eISBN:
9780190261337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199756124.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter describes the obstacles to the formation of customs unions. The program under the International Trade Organization weakens the incentive to multilateral preferential arrangements on a ... More


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