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Global Competition Law: A Project Conceived and Abandoned

David J. Gerber

in Global Competition: Law, Markets, and Globalization

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228225
eISBN:
9780191711350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228225.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Competition Law

This chapter analyzes transnational efforts to develop a global competition regime during the first half of the 20th century. It reveals that these early experiences were far richer and had far more ... More


“Beat IBM,” Entrepreneurial Bureaucracy: A Contradiction in Terms?

Seiichiro Yonekura

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter argues that Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI), whether fortuitously or otherwise, hit upon a strategy for the computer industry, which called for coordination ... More


Inauguration: The Demise of the ITO and the Rise of Bilateral Treaties (Mid-1940s–Late 1960s)

Thomas L. Brewer and Stephen Young

in The Multilateral Investment System and Multinational Enterprises

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198293156
eISBN:
9780191684951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293156.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Political Economy

This chapter describes the establishment of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the unsuccessful efforts to create the International Trade Organization (ITO) during the early ... More


Sustainable International Trade, Investment and Competition Law

Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger and Ashfaq Khalfan

in Sustainable Development Law: Principles, Practices, and Prospects

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199276707
eISBN:
9780191699900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276707.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter identifies emerging issues in international sustainable development law, primarily from recent developments in international economic law. Different economic instruments at global and ... More


Is National Technology Policy Obsolete in a Globalised World?: The Japanese Vision

Martin Fransman

in Visions of Innovation: The Firm and Japan

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289357
eISBN:
9780191596261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289359.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The chapter begins with a brief discussion of the convergence hypothesis, which argues that there has been a convergence in the economies of the major industrialized countries in the post‐World War ... More


Seeking a Multilateral Treaty on Investment: The International Trade Organization

Kenneth J. Vandevelde

in The First Bilateral Investment Treaties: U.S. Postwar Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation Treaties

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190679576
eISBN:
9780190679606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190679576.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

The United States sought after World War II to promote a liberal trade regime through the creation of an International Trade Organization. Developing countries wanted to include provisions on ... More


Harmonization of Competition Law

Junji Nakagawa

in International Harmonization of Economic Regulation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199604661
eISBN:
9780191731679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604661.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter analyzes international harmonization of competition law and policy. This is the only regulatory area in which no formal international body for harmonization exists, despite repeated ... More


Abandoning the International Trade Organization

Kenneth J. Vandevelde

in The First Bilateral Investment Treaties: U.S. Postwar Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation Treaties

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190679576
eISBN:
9780190679606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190679576.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

The U.S. business committee criticized the modifications to the U.S.-proposed investment provisions in the Charter, asserting that the adoption of such provisions would undermine investment ... More


Missing Debtors: National Lawmaking and Global Norm-Making of Corporate Bankruptcy Regimes

Terence C. Halliday, Susan Block-Lieb, and Bruce G. Carruthers

in A Debtor World: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Debt

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199873722
eISBN:
9780199980000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199873722.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

Corporate insolvency is about debt and it always involves debtor corporations as key stakeholders. It should, therefore, follow that stakeholders integral to everyday bargaining over debt management ... More


Dawn over Bretton Woods

Harry Blutstein

in The Ascent of Globalisation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784992897
eISBN:
9781526104311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992897.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The global economic order that emerged at the end of the Second World War was the work of two men: John Maynard Keynes and Harry Dexter White. This chapter describes the tense negotiations between ... More


Visions of Future Technologies: Government, Globalisation, and Universities in Japanese Biotechnology

Martin Fransman

in Visions of Innovation: The Firm and Japan

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289357
eISBN:
9780191596261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289359.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

An outline is first given of several influential views regarding the role of the Japanese government and universities in the area of biotechnology. The role of the Japanese Ministry of International ... More


A Vision of the Japanese Innovation System and How It Works

Martin Fransman

in Visions of Innovation: The Firm and Japan

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289357
eISBN:
9780191596261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289359.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The chapter begins with a summary of the innovation process in Japanese companies, paying particular attention to several distinctive Japanese forms of organization, such as the lifetime employment ... More


“Gun Cotton”: Southern Industrialists, International Trade, and the Republican Party in the 1950s

Katherine Rye Jewell

in Painting Dixie Red: When, Where, Why, and How the South Became Republican

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813036847
eISBN:
9780813043999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036847.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter argues that changes in foreign trade during the 1950s pushed conservative southern industrialists (traditionally Democrats) into close cooperation with northern Republicans increasingly ... More


International Law and Market Coordination

Robert Schütze

in From International to Federal Market: The Changing Structure of European Law

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198803379
eISBN:
9780191841576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803379.003.0002
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

What are the legal instruments regulating international trade? This chapter answers this question in two steps. Section I explores the classic international law model that accommodated the ... More


How Japanese Subsidiaries in Asia Responded to the Regional Crisis: An Empirical Analysis Based on the MITI Survey

Kyoji Fukao

in Regional and Global Capital Flows: Macroeconomic Causes and Consequences

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226386768
eISBN:
9780226387017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226387017.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Using subsidiary level data from the Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) 1996 and 1997, this chapter analyzes the response of Japan's manufacturing subsidiaries in the ... More


The Historiography of Maritime China since c. 1975

Chi-Kong Lai

in Maritime History at the Crossroads: A Critical Review of Recent Historiography

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780969588580
eISBN:
9781786944856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780969588580.003.0003
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This essay addresses Chinese maritime history and investigates a range of topics, including the international nature of research in Chinese maritime history; new archives and recent research in ... More


Border Adjustment Mechanisms: Elements for Economic, Legal, and Political Analysis

Julien Bueb, Lilian Richieri Hanania, and Alice Le Clézio

in The Political Economy of Clean Energy Transitions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198802242
eISBN:
9780191840586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802242.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines, from a multidisciplinary perspective, plausible hypotheses for implementation of border carbon adjustment mechanisms, seen as a complement to strong environmental regulation. ... More


International Trade

Clint Peinhardt and Todd Sandler

in Transnational Cooperation: An Issue-Based Approach

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199398607
eISBN:
9780199398645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199398607.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter presents the principle of comparative advantage and makes the case that, for most countries, free trade is an optimal policy choice. However, free trade is almost never implemented in ... More


Policy developments in Japan on global warming: the politics of conflict and the producer-oriented policy response

Shizuka Oshitani

in Global Warming Policy in Japan and Britain: Interactions Between Institutions and Issue Characteristics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719069383
eISBN:
9781781701546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719069383.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Carbon dioxide accounts for about 90 per cent of greenhouse emissions in Japan, and about 90 per cent of these carbon dioxide emissions stem from energy-related sources. The historical growth in ... More


The Limits of Secretariat Influence:: CITES and the Protection of Commercially Exploited Aquatic Species

Sikina Jinnah

in Post-Treaty Politics: Secretariat Influence in Global Environmental Governance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262028042
eISBN:
9780262325356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028042.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter explains why the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) Secretariat, an otherwise influencial secretairat, failed to influence political outcomes in this case. ... More


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