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Surplus Manpower, Surplus Population

Gerard Daniel Cohen

in In War's Wake: Europe's Displaced Persons in the Postwar Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195399684
eISBN:
9780199918423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399684.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The chapter shows how the DP experience crucially shaped the system of international migration after the Second World War. Supervised by the IRO between 1947 and 1951, the “resettlement” of displaced ... More


“Who is a Refugee?”: from “victors’ justice” to anti-communism

Gerard Daniel Cohen

in In War's Wake: Europe's Displaced Persons in the Postwar Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195399684
eISBN:
9780199918423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399684.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The chapter discusses the screening operations conducted in the DP camps by Allied armies, UNRRA personnel and IRO staff members. A key challenge for the Western Allies was the identification of ... More


Displaced Persons in the “Human Rights Revolution”

Gerard Daniel Cohen

in In War's Wake: Europe's Displaced Persons in the Postwar Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195399684
eISBN:
9780199918423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399684.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The “last million” of European DPs left a strong imprint on human rights law. The enduring spectacle of refugees in occupied Germany placed the question of statelessness at the center of ... More


The Battle of the Refugees: Displaced Persons and the Making of the Cold-War West

Gerard Daniel Cohen

in In War's Wake: Europe's Displaced Persons in the Postwar Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195399684
eISBN:
9780199918423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399684.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The chapter examines the negotiations on displaced persons held in 1946 within various organs of the United Nations. Whereas the Soviet Union, Poland and Yugoslavia demanded the compulsory return of ... More


Care and Maintenance: The New Face of International Humanitarianism

Gerard Daniel Cohen

in In War's Wake: Europe's Displaced Persons in the Postwar Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195399684
eISBN:
9780199918423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399684.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The chapter shows how the DP episode transformed the ideology and practice of modern humanitarianism. Prior to 1945, the alleviation of human suffering was the responsibility of private charitable ... More


In War's Wake: Europe's Displaced Persons in the Postwar Order

Gerard Daniel Cohen

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195399684
eISBN:
9780199918423
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399684.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The end of the Second World War in Europe gave way to a gigantic refugee crisis. Thoroughly prepared by Allied military planners, the swift repatriation of millions of former forced laborers, ... More


Extraterritorial Jews: Humanitarianism, Philosemitism, and the Advent of Jewish Statehood

Gerard Daniel Cohen

in In War's Wake: Europe's Displaced Persons in the Postwar Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195399684
eISBN:
9780199918423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399684.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The chapter analyzes the place of Holocaust survivors and Jewish displaced persons within the postwar refugee regime. Recognized as a stateless and extraterritorial community, Jewish DPs nationalized ... More


Resisting an Alien Invasion of Principles: The Second World War and the New World of the UN

Ria Kapoor

in Making Refugees in India

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
February 2022
ISBN:
9780192855459
eISBN:
9780191945618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192855459.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Indian History

This chapter examines the anti-colonial nationalist led Indian government’s decision to remove itself from international humanitarian bodies and covenants addressing refugee relief and rehabilitation ... More


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