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Special Drawing Rights (SDRs): The First International Money

Christopher Wilkie

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199606467
eISBN:
9780191731648
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606467.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Following the Rio Agreement in 1967, the birth of the Special Drawing Right (SDR) was widely heralded as the first step towards a world international money. The SDR's intended purpose, though, was ... More


Assessing the Role of the IMF in Fragile States

Charles Collyns, Kevin Kuruc, and Shinji Takagi

in Macroeconomic Policy in Fragile States

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198853091
eISBN:
9780191887437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853091.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter presents an assessment of the IMF’s role in countries in fragile and conflict-affected situations, drawing primarily on the findings of a recent evaluation report by the Independent ... More


Introduction

Christopher M.D. Wilkie

in Special Drawing Rights (SDRs): The First International Money

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199606467
eISBN:
9780191731648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606467.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) were announced to the world at the International Monetary Fund's annual meeting in Rio de Janeiro in 1967. Only a few years later, the IMF incorporated in its Articles ... More


Tailoring IMF-Supported Programs to Fragile and Conflict-Affected States’ Needs: What Works?

Ermal Hitaj, Chris Lane, Paulomi Mehta, and Rima Turk

in Macroeconomic Policy in Fragile States

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198853091
eISBN:
9780191887437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853091.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

We consider the impact of Fund-supported programs in fragile and conflict-affected states (FCS) on aid flows and what factors determine program success. Using several indicators of fragility in a ... More


Macroeconomic Policy Challenges in Conflict and Post-Conflict Countries: Experience and Lessons from the Middle East

Mark Griffiths, with Phil de Imus, Kareem Ismail, Gustavo Ramirez, Robert Tchaidze, and Ramzy Al Amine

in Macroeconomic Policy in Fragile States

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198853091
eISBN:
9780191887437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853091.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter uses case studies from conflict and post-conflict countries in the MENA region to illustrate the economic challenges facing fragile states, as well as policy options. The studies cover ... More


Building Fiscal Institutions in Fragile States: A Two-Step Approach

Katherine Baer, Sanjeev Gupta, Mario Mansour, and Sailendra Pattanayak

in Macroeconomic Policy in Fragile States

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198853091
eISBN:
9780191887437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853091.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Building or restoring fiscal institutions is central to state-building and economic growth in fragile states. This chapter proposes a two-step approach to designing and implementing tax revenue and ... More


Deep Integration and Trade Agreements: Good for Developing Countries?

Nancy Birdsall and Robert Z. Lawrence

in Global Public Goods: International Cooperation in the 21st Century

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130522
eISBN:
9780199867363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130529.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter looks at financial crises as a challenge to the international financial system and investigates the “public bad” nature of the phenomenon. The conclusion: excessive financial volatility ... More


Macroeconomic Policy Issues in Fragile States: A Framework

Ralph Chami, Mattia Coppo, Raphael Espinoza, and Peter Montiel

in Macroeconomic Policy in Fragile States

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198853091
eISBN:
9780191887437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853091.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Around half of the world population living in extreme poverty resides in fragile states. The objective of this book is to develop our understanding of how state fragility must be accounted for in the ... More


Case Evidence: Conflict Trajectories in Indonesia, Ivory Coast, and Syria

Jaroslav Tir and Johannes Karreth

in Incentivizing Peace: How International Organizations Can Help Prevent Civil Wars in Member Countries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190699512
eISBN:
9780190699550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190699512.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Two low-level armed conflicts, Indonesia’s East Timor and Ivory Coast’s post-2010 election crises, provide detailed qualitative evidence of highly structured intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) ... More


EU Status In Other International Organizations

Geert De Baere

in Oxford Principles Of European Union Law: The European Union Legal Order: Volume I

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199533770
eISBN:
9780191932434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199533770.003.0044
Subject:
Law, EU Law

The present chapter considers the position of the European Union in other international organizations. It is based on the premise that the Union, while arguably also a federal or quasi-federal ... More


The Role of Trust in Rebuilding Countries in Fragile and Conflict Situations

Daouda Sembene

in Macroeconomic Policy in Fragile States

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198853091
eISBN:
9780191887437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853091.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

There is a broad recognition of the potential of trust to enhance cooperation, economic efficiency, and institutional performance. Trust matters by making coordinated interaction possible between ... More


Exiting Fragility: The Experience of Five Sub-Saharan African Countries

Enrique Gelbard, Giorgia Albertin, Lars Engstrom, Jose Gijon, and Clara Mira

in Macroeconomic Policy in Fragile States

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198853091
eISBN:
9780191887437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853091.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Finding a path out of fragility is a complex and lengthy progress. This chapter examines the experience of five sub-Saharan African countries who are at different stages in the resilience- building ... More


The European Central Bank

Chiara Zilioli and Phoebus Athanassiou

in Oxford Principles Of European Union Law: The European Union Legal Order: Volume I

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199533770
eISBN:
9780191932434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199533770.003.0022
Subject:
Law, EU Law

The provisions on Monetary Union (MU), of the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union (TFEU or the Treaty), as well as the Statute of the European System of Central Banks and of the ... More


Macroeconomic Policy in Fragile States

Ralph Chami, Raphael Espinoza, and Peter J. Montiel (eds)

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198853091
eISBN:
9780191887437
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853091.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Setting macroeconomic policy is especially difficult in fragile states. Political legitimacy concerns are heightened, raising issues such as who the policymakers are, what incentives move them, and ... More


The Institutional Structure

Thomas Ramopoulos

in Oxford Principles Of European Union Law: The European Union Legal Order: Volume I

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199533770
eISBN:
9780191932434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199533770.003.0039
Subject:
Law, EU Law

The external relations of the Union span a broad spectrum, from external competences in ‘Community’ areas to external aspects of internal ‘Community’ competences and the Common Foreign and Security ... More


Damages In EU Law

Andrea Biondi and Martin Farley

in Oxford Principles Of European Union Law: The European Union Legal Order: Volume I

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199533770
eISBN:
9780191932434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199533770.003.0037
Subject:
Law, EU Law

These are difficult times for the European legal order and its effective enforcement. Despite the positive impact of the Charter of Fundamental Rights, the perils to which the system of judicial ... More


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