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Those Emblems of Hell?: European Sailors and the Maritime Labour Market, 1570-1870

Paul C. van Royen (ed.)

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780968128831
eISBN:
9781786944818
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780968128831.001.0001
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This volume collects a series of reports from maritime historians across Europe, aiming to provide a coherent historical trajectory of the lives of European sailors and their dealings with the ... More


The Historians and Maritime Labour, c. 1850-1930

Luke Trainor

in Maritime History at the Crossroads: A Critical Review of Recent Historiography

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780969588580
eISBN:
9781786944856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780969588580.003.0013
Subject:
History, Maritime History

The essay discusses maritime labour within the closely linked markets of Great Britain, Australia and New Zealand. It focuses on the rights of labour workers and addresses the effect that unionism, ... More


The “National” Maritime Labour Market: Looking for Common Characteristics

Paul C. van Royen

in Those Emblems of Hell?: European Sailors and the Maritime Labour Market, 1570-1870

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780968128831
eISBN:
9781786944818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780968128831.003.0001
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This initial chapter attempts to provide a survey of the Western European maritime labour market between 1570 and 1870, but in doing so addresses the difficulties in finding reliable and precise ... More


Notes from an Outsider

Marcel van der Linden

in Those Emblems of Hell?: European Sailors and the Maritime Labour Market, 1570-1870

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780968128831
eISBN:
9781786944818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780968128831.003.0017
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This final chapter concludes the volume with a commentary on the previous essays. It praises the collaborative work of experts for providing a database of interpretation and case studies that offer ... More


The Maritime Labour Market: Skill and Experience as Factors of Demand and Supply

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0007
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter discusses the recruitment and training process involved in a sailing career and provides details of wage categories and qualification requirements. It considers the presence of shipboard ... More


Finnish and International Maritime Labour in the Age of Sail: Was There a Market?

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0005
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter notes the difficulties in comprehending the historical development of labour markets in purely neo-classical terms and questions the enrolment and wage procedures of the Finnish maritime ... More


Five Years Before the Mast: Observations on the Conditions of Maritime Labour in Finland and Elsewhere

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0006
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter attempts to define the characteristics of a transitioning maritime labour system. It discusses the living conditions and working environment for ordinary sailors in Finland and abroad, ... More


From Low-Cost to High-Cost Shipping: Finnish Maritime Labour Costs after the Second World War

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0009
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter tracks Finland’s rise from a low-cost to high-cost shipping country from the 1930s to 1980s. It emphasises the rapid transition and development of Finland’s economy by providing ... More


Coal and Canvas: Aspects of the Competition between Steam and Sail, c. 1870-1914

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0013
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter describes Finland’s transition from sail to steam and assesses and compares the competition between the two modes of transport. It largely focuses on the cost accrued for each trade, and ... More


International Freight Markets in the 1830s and 1840s: The Experience of a Major Finnish Shipowner

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0019
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter discusses the international freight markets in the 1830s and 1840s and uses case studies and source materials to conduct a micro-level approach on research into everyday shipping ... More


Finnish Sailors, 1750-1870

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0004
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter presents the environment of the Finnish shipping market in the years 1750 to 1870. It details the demand of maritime labour as a result of expansion in the eighteenth and nineteenth ... More


Owners and Masters: Management and Managerial Skills in the Finnish Ocean-Going Merchant Fleet, c. 1840-1880

Lars U. Scholl and Merja-Liisa Hinkkanen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0008
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter assesses the role of shipmasters and ship-owners in the Age of Sail and describes the division of responsibilities between the two. It discusses the overall management system of ... More


Seamen Ashore: Port Visits of Late Nineteenth-Century Finnish Sailors

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0015
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter provides a study on the visits made by Finnish sailors at port towns in the late nineteenth century. It collects and analyses data on the typical turnaround times of Finnish deep-sea ... More


Tons and Tonnages: Ship Measurement and Shipping Statistics, c. 1870-1980

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0018
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter discusses the adoption of the British Moorsom system by most maritime nations between 1864 and 1885, and examines the main problems with the Moorsom system after 1867. In the report, ... More


The Modernization of Finnish Coastal Shipping and Railway Competition c. 1830-1913

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0010
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter describes the modernization of Finnish coastal shipping and assesses its effect on Finnish railways. The chapter acknowledges the growing competition between coastal lines and railways ... More


Dutch Shipping and the Swedish Navigation Act (1724): A Case Study

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0014
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter provides a study on The Swedish Navigation Act, and offers an explanation on why Sweden wanted to limit the number of foreign ships’ exports and imports. The chapter later details the ... More


Shrinking the World: Improvements in the Speed of Information Transmission, c. 1820-1870

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0020
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter discusses the important developments in shipping communication that took place decades before the establishment of the electric telegraph. It emphasises that the improvement of ... More


British Timber Imports and Finnish Shipping 1860-1910

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0011
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter foregrounds the international competition in shipping during the latter half of the nineteenth century and into the beginning of the twentieth century. It notes the impact that the ... More


Baltic Timber-Trade under Sail: An Example of the Persistence of Old Techniques

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0012
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter explores the survival of traditional shipping despite the emergence of revolutionary changes in the shipping world during the late nineteenth century. It examines the reasons for the ... More


Wreck-Plundering by East Finnish Coastal People - Criminal Tradition or Popular Culture?

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0016
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter provides a study on wreck-plundering carried out by East Finnish coastal people. It offers several historical examples of wreck-plundering, spanning from 1745 to 1808 and includes the ... More


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