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Blueprints for International Criminal Courts and Their Political Rejection in the 1920s

Mark A. Lewis

in The Birth of the New Justice: The Internationalization of Crime and Punishment, 1919-1950

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199660285
eISBN:
9780191757716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660285.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

At the Paris Peace Conference, liberal internationalists maintained that the international system could be regulated by a new League of Nations and an international court to settle political ... More


The Amateurs Try their Hand: The Provision of Relief Parcels, 1940–1941

Neville Wylie

in Barbed Wire Diplomacy: Britain, Germany, and the Politics of Prisoners of War 1939-1945

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199547593
eISBN:
9780191720581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547593.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter addresses the ‘parcels crisis’ of 1940–41 and shows how the collapse of the supply of relief parcels to German POW camps after the fall of France galvanized the prisoners and their ... More


Revising the Geneva Conventions, 1946–49: Synthesizing the Old and New Justice

Mark A. Lewis

in The Birth of the New Justice: The Internationalization of Crime and Punishment, 1919-1950

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199660285
eISBN:
9780191757716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660285.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

“New justice” ideas concerning the validity of post-war prosecution entered the revision of the Geneva Conventions in an expected way. The International Committee of the Red Cross was not willing ... More


Humanitarian Intervention in the Balkans

Nicholas Morris*

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Assesses the success of the two humanitarian interventions in the Balkans – Bosnia in 1995 and Kosovo in 1999 – from the perspective of humanitarian organizations. It argues how, ironically, the ... More


“Hunger War”: Humanitarian Rights and the Radfan Campaign

Brian Drohan

in Brutality in an Age of Human Rights: Activism and Counterinsurgency at the End of the British Empire

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501714658
eISBN:
9781501714672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501714658.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

Chapter three examines the 1964 Radfan campaign. During the campaign, security forces purposefully targeted civilian livelihoods by driving the population from their homes, burning food stores, ... More


The Birth of the New Justice: The Internationalization of Crime and Punishment, 1919-1950

Mark Lewis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199660285
eISBN:
9780191757716
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660285.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

The Birth of the New Justice explains the history of plans for ad hoc and permanent international criminal courts and new international criminal laws to repress aggressive war, war ... More


Perspective—The Evolving Laws of Armed Conflicts * **

Detlev F. Vagts and Theodor Meron

in Humanizing the Laws of War: Selected Writings of Richard Baxter

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199680252
eISBN:
9780191760181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680252.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses the development of humanitarian law of war. The first line of development can be dated from 1953. In that year, the International Committee of the Red Cross convened a meeting ... More


“How to Free Your Prisoner”: The Personal and the Political of International Prisoner Support

Padraic Kenney

in Dance in Chains: Imprisonment in the Modern World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199375745
eISBN:
9780190840075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199375745.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Modern History, European Modern History

Though political prisoners are almost always incarcerated for national causes, they became the focus of international support in the twentieth century. The earliest attention was from diaspora ... More


The Origins and Evolution of the 1949 Geneva Conventions and the 1977 Additional Protocols

Giovanni Mantilla

in Do the Geneva Conventions Matter?

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780199379774
eISBN:
9780190690977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199379774.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter traces the development of the 1949 Geneva Conventions from their origins in pre-1949 treaty law through the 1977 Additional Protocols and to the present. It argues that international ... More


The International Court of Justice and the Law of Armed Conflicts

Claus Kreß

in The Development of International Law by the International Court of Justice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199653218
eISBN:
9780191747922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653218.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

This chapter examines the ICJ's contribution to the development of the law of armed conflicts. It suggests that the Court has not contributed decisively to the settlement of inter-state disputes ... More


The Struggle to Fight a Humane War: The United States, the Korean War, and the 1949 Geneva Conventions

Sahr Conway-Lanz

in Do the Geneva Conventions Matter?

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780199379774
eISBN:
9780190690977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199379774.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

The Korean War demonstrated the serious problems that the United States had adhering to the new 1949 Geneva Conventions and the severely limited protections that these new treaties provided. The ... More


Aden: Results and reactions

Samantha Newbery

in Interrogation, intelligence and security: Controversial British Techniques

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719091483
eISBN:
9781781708552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091483.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter completes the book’s coverage of the Aden case by charting the results and reactions that followed the use of the ‘five techniques’ there. It will be shown that not only was ... More


Humanitarianism and Massacres: THE EXAMPLE OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS

Irène Herrmann

in Resisting Genocide: The Multiple Forms of Rescue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199333493
eISBN:
9780190235628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333493.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter analyses the attitude of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) regarding the massacres of the Hereros, the Armenians, and the Jews. It first considers how the ICRC viewed ... More


Epilogue

Mark A. Lewis

in The Birth of the New Justice: The Internationalization of Crime and Punishment, 1919-1950

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199660285
eISBN:
9780191757716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660285.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

Despite intellectual strides in the ideas of the “new justice” between 1919–1950 and their partial realization after 1945, prospects were weak at the start of the Cold War that international criminal ... More


The Impact of Individuals

Asher Orkaby

in Beyond the Arab Cold War: The International History of the Yemen Civil War, 1962-68

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190618445
eISBN:
9780190618476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190618445.003.0010
Subject:
History, Middle East History, World Modern History

No single foreign or domestic power was able to exercise control over events in Yemen, which created an opportunity for many to have a lasting presence in South Arabia. Three individuals, in ... More


Protecting Civilians in War: The ICRC, UNHCR, and Their Limitations in Internal Armed Conflicts

Miriam Bradley

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198716389
eISBN:
9780191784958
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716389.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Since the complex emergencies of the 1990s, humanitarian agencies have placed increasing emphasis on the protection of civilians during armed conflict. In spite of this, there is a consensus among ... More


Puripetal force in the charitable field

Jonathan Benthall

in Islamic Charities and Islamic Humanism in Troubled Times

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781784993085
eISBN:
9781526124005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784993085.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

This Chapter, published by Depends on timing. the journal Asian Ethnology, is a theoretical exercise, inspired by Mary Douglas’s classic anthropological text Purity and Danger, that sets out to ... More


The Shift between Categories

Anicée Van Engeland

in Civilian or Combatant?: A Challenge for the 21st Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199743247
eISBN:
9780190260231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199743247.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the evolution of the concept of civilians and combatants. The distinction between civilians and combatants seems to be blurred as an outcome of changes in warfare. Examples of ... More


Photographic archives and archival entities

Ariella Azoulay

in Image Operations: Visual media and political conflict

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781526107213
eISBN:
9781526120984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526107213.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter explores the modus operandi of photographic archives as well as modes of intervention in its operation. Based on the assumption that the event of photography as multiple, as something ... More


Pastoral Affairs

Peter Gill

in Famine and Foreigners: Ethiopia Since Live Aid

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199569847
eISBN:
9780191808609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199569847.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the aid efforts of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and Medécins San Frontières (MSF) during the onset of conflict of Ethiopia and Eritrea and the revolution ... More


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