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Protection of Intellectual Property

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

An overview is provided of the economic rationales for protection of IPRs (intellectual property rights) and the reasons behind moves to adopt multilateral rules in this area. Some of the major ... More


The International Trade Regime in Perspective

Srividhya Ragavan

in Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199840670
eISBN:
9780199949786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter explores the global trade regime, which viewed substantive equality as the first step towards true equality. It defines the terms substantive equality and barriers-to-trade, and then ... More


Intellectual Property Rights, Capacity Building, and “Informational Development” in Developing Countries

Christopher May

in Governing Global Electronic Networks: International Perspectives on Policy and Power

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042512
eISBN:
9780262271936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042512.003.0311
Subject:
Information Science, Communications

This chapter explores the international politics of intellectual property protection within the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). It looks at ... More


Biotech Battles: Plants, Power, and Intellectual Property in the New Global Governance Regimes

Kathleen McAfee

in Engineering Trouble: Biotechnology and Its Discontents

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520237612
eISBN:
9780520937499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520237612.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

New global environmental institutions, particularly the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and its Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, have become staging grounds for resistance to World Trade ... More


Intellectual Property Rights: Economic Principles and Trade Rules *

Carsten Fink

in Handbook of Trade Policy for Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199680405
eISBN:
9780191760266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680405.003.0023
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Developed countries, which host the world’s largest creative industries, have been the key advocates for comprehensive minimum standards of protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights ... More


Clinical Trials Registration and Results Reporting and the Right to Health

Trudo Lemmens and Candice Telfer

in The Globalization of Health Care: Legal and Ethical Issues

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199917907
eISBN:
9780199332878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917907.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter argues that access to information about clinical trials and the safety and effectiveness of drugs and medical devices should be recognized as a fundamental component of the right to ... More


The World Trade Organization

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

An account is given of the organizational structure of the WTO (World Trade Organization), which was established as a multilateral trade organization on 1 January 1995 to encompass a modified GATT ... More


Walter Besant and Copyright Reform

Mary Ann Gillies

in Walter Besant: The Business of Literature and the Pleasures of Reform

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781789620351
eISBN:
9781789623901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789620351.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Walter Besant waged what some would call a relentless campaign for copyright reform in the last twenty-five years of the nineteenth century. At its core was an insistence on proper remuneration for ... More


Biodiversity Politics and the Contest for Ownership of the World's Biota

Steven E. Sanderson and Kent H. Redford

in Last Stand: Protected Areas and the Defense of Tropical Biodiversity

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195095548
eISBN:
9780197560808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195095548.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Conservation of the Environment

In the course of the past decade, biodiversity has become one of the most important concepts guiding conservation and development at the global level. From the 1972 U.N. Conference on the Human ... More


Globalization, Intellectual Property Rights, and Pharmaceuticals

Amit Sengupta

in Equity and Access: Health Care Studies in India

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780199482160
eISBN:
9780199097746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199482160.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

The chapter examines the impact of globalization on access to affordable medicines in the context of the changing dynamics of the pharmaceutical sector in India, accompanied by major changes in the ... More


Customary Rights of Farmers in Neoliberal India: A Legal and Policy Analysis

Sophy K. Joseph

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190121006
eISBN:
9780190990480
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190121006.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

The Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmer’s Rights Act, 2001, promises to balance the intellectual property rights of plant breeders and farmers under one umbrella legislation. However, there ... More


From Plants to Pharmaceuticals

Abena Dove Osseo-Asare

in Bitter Roots: The Search for Healing Plants in Africa

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226085524
eISBN:
9780226086163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226086163.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Bitter Roots introduces an innovative new way to think about drug discovery from plants within a transnational perspective. It historicizes the process of drug discovery for each plant in a ... More


Surrender at Geneva

Prashant Reddy T. and Sumathi Chandrashekaran

in Create, Copy, Disrupt: India's Intellectual Property Dilemmas

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199470662
eISBN:
9780199088850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199470662.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

The Patents Act, 1970 and its virtual abolition of a pharmaceutical patent regime did not go unchallenged by the innovator pharmaceutical industry of the developed world. Starting in the mid-1980s, ... More


Sustainable Development, CBD, and IPR

Sanjeev Kumar Chaudhary

in Sustainable Development and India: Convergence of Law, Economics, Science, and Politics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780199474622
eISBN:
9780199090990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199474622.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

One of the landmark outcomes of Earth Summit was the ‘Convention on Biological Diversity’ which calls upon parties to conserve and sustainably use biological diversity while equitably sharing the ... More


Create, Copy, Disrupt: India's Intellectual Property Dilemmas

Prashant Reddy T. and Sumathi Chandrashekaran

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199470662
eISBN:
9780199088850
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199470662.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

In 1947, a newly independent India was saddled with a host of intellectual property (IP) laws left behind by the British. In the following decades, India broke away from colonial IP legacies, while ... More


Toward Bioprosperity

Abena Dove Osseo-Asare

in Bitter Roots: The Search for Healing Plants in Africa

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226085524
eISBN:
9780226086163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226086163.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This history of African bioprospecting strengthens understandings of priority, locality, appropriation and benefits. The book indicates herbal preparations and pharmaceuticals have coexisted, as not ... More


Conclusion

Patrick J. W. Egan

in Globalizing Innovation: State Institutions and Foreign Direct Investment in Emerging Economies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037358
eISBN:
9780262344265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037358.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter summarizes the main arguments of the book and repeats the central empirical findings. Following a brief discussion of the data sources used to support the varied arguments, this chapter ... More


Harmonization of Patent Law

Philip W. Grubb, Peter R. Thomsen, Tom Hoxie, and Gordon Wright

in Patents for Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, and Biotechnology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199684731
eISBN:
9780191932946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199684731.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter details developments in the harmonization of patent laws. The Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) Agreement has made significant strides in harmonizing levels ... More


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