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The Implementation Game: The TRIPS Agreement and the Global Politics of Intellectual Property Reform in Developing Countries

Carolyn Deere

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199550616
eISBN:
9780191720284
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550616.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

In the 1990s, the fight between North and South over intellectual property (IP) reached new heights. The result was the World Trade Organization's (WTO's) deeply contested agreement on Trade‐Related ... More


Protection of Intellectual Property

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

An overview is provided of the economic rationales for protection of IPRs (intellectual property rights) and the reasons behind moves to adopt multilateral rules in this area. Some of the major ... More


The International Trade Regime in Perspective

Srividhya Ragavan

in Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199840670
eISBN:
9780199949786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter explores the global trade regime, which viewed substantive equality as the first step towards true equality. It defines the terms substantive equality and barriers-to-trade, and then ... More


Key Steps to a Start-Up

Don Rose and Cam Patterson

in Research To Revenue: A Practical Guide to University Start-Ups

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625263
eISBN:
9781469625287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625263.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Spinning a company out of the university, based on university scientific research involves a number of key steps: Recognizing the Opportunity Disclosure to the University Filing for IP Protection ... More


A Neofederalist Vision of TRIPS: The Resilience of the International Intellectual Property Regime

Graeme B. Dinwoodie and Rochelle C. Dreyfuss

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304619
eISBN:
9780199933273
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304619.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Private International Law

This book examines the TRIPS Agreement: its interpretation, its impact on the creative environment, and its effect on national and international lawmaking. It propounds a vision of TRIPS as creating ... More


Intellectual Property Rights, Capacity Building, and “Informational Development” in Developing Countries

Christopher May

in Governing Global Electronic Networks: International Perspectives on Policy and Power

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042512
eISBN:
9780262271936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042512.003.0311
Subject:
Information Science, Communications

This chapter explores the international politics of intellectual property protection within the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). It looks at ... More


Harmonization of Intellectual Property Rights

Junji Nakagawa

in International Harmonization of Economic Regulation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199604661
eISBN:
9780191731679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604661.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter analyzes international harmonization of intellectual property rights, tracing its history from the Paris (1883) and Berne Conventions (1886) to the WIPO (World Intellectual Property ... More


Cultural Heritage and Intellectual Property Law

Janet Blake

in International Cultural Heritage Law

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198723516
eISBN:
9780191790300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723516.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Chapter 7 looks at Cultural Heritage and Intellectual Property Law. The appropriateness of intellectual property rules for protecting traditional cultural expressions and knowledge are addressed, ... More


Domesticating Foreign Intellectual Property Laws in the Digital Age: Of Pirates and Qarsana in the GCC States

Suzi Mirgani

in Digital Middle East: State and Society in the Information Age

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190859329
eISBN:
9780190942977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190859329.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter examines some of the challenges faced by GCC nations as they attempt to modernize their economies in the digital era and in the face of substantial technological transformations. In ... More


The Role of WIPO in Access to Medicines

Ruth L. Okediji

in Balancing Wealth and Health: The Battle over Intellectual Property and Access to Medicines in Latin America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199676743
eISBN:
9780191756283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676743.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Competition Law

This chapter examines the role of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). It reflects on the WIPO's mandate in an international environment in which competing visions of the IP system ... More


Biotech Battles: Plants, Power, and Intellectual Property in the New Global Governance Regimes

Kathleen McAfee

in Engineering Trouble: Biotechnology and Its Discontents

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520237612
eISBN:
9780520937499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520237612.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

New global environmental institutions, particularly the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and its Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, have become staging grounds for resistance to World Trade ... More


Globalization, Intellectual Property Rights, and Pharmaceuticals

Amit Sengupta

in Equity and Access: Health Care Studies in India

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780199482160
eISBN:
9780199097746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199482160.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

The chapter examines the impact of globalization on access to affordable medicines in the context of the changing dynamics of the pharmaceutical sector in India, accompanied by major changes in the ... More


Commercializing University Technology and the Role of Start-Up Companies

Don Rose and Cam Patterson

in Research To Revenue: A Practical Guide to University Start-Ups

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625263
eISBN:
9781469625287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625263.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Universities are a rich source of scientific innovations. Translating these innovations into high-impact products and services involves commercialization of the innovation. The Bayh-Dole Act of 1980 ... More


The World Trade Organization

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

An account is given of the organizational structure of the WTO (World Trade Organization), which was established as a multilateral trade organization on 1 January 1995 to encompass a modified GATT ... More


Conclusion: Balancing Wealth and Health in a Transnational Regulatory Framework

Rochelle Dreyfuss and César Rodríguez-Garavito

in Balancing Wealth and Health: The Battle over Intellectual Property and Access to Medicines in Latin America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199676743
eISBN:
9780191756283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676743.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Competition Law

The preceding case studies have demonstrated how countries sought to utilize flexibilities in the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS) Agreement to keep as much material as possible ... More


Clinical Trials Registration and Results Reporting and the Right to Health

Trudo Lemmens and Candice Telfer

in The Globalization of Health Care: Legal and Ethical Issues

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199917907
eISBN:
9780199332878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917907.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter argues that access to information about clinical trials and the safety and effectiveness of drugs and medical devices should be recognized as a fundamental component of the right to ... More


The Future of European Intellectual Property Law Courts: Intellectual Property and the European Judicial Architecture

Niilo Jääskinen

in The Europeanization of Intellectual Property Law: Towards a European Legal Methodology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199665105
eISBN:
9780191758881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665105.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter presents an Advocate General's perspective on the future architecture of European intellectual property courts. At the moment, the General Court suffers from an overload of trade mark ... More


The Invention and Expansion of Intellectual Property

Murphy Halliburton

in India and the Patent Wars: Pharmaceuticals in the New Intellectual Property Regime

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501713460
eISBN:
9781501713972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501713460.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter depicts the emergence of the concept of intellectual property starting with analyses of intangible property in pre-capitalist societies and the development of patents and copyrights in ... More


Concluding Remarks: Postmodernism and Beyond

Ansgar Ohly

in The Europeanization of Intellectual Property Law: Towards a European Legal Methodology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199665105
eISBN:
9780191758881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665105.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter aims at providing a synthesis of the preceding chapters. The author argues that European intellectual property law is in a state of postmodernism: everything has been tried, enthusiasm ... More


Create, Copy, Disrupt: India's Intellectual Property Dilemmas

Prashant Reddy T. and Sumathi Chandrashekaran

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199470662
eISBN:
9780199088850
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199470662.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

In 1947, a newly independent India was saddled with a host of intellectual property (IP) laws left behind by the British. In the following decades, India broke away from colonial IP legacies, while ... More


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