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Final Retrospect

Isaiah Berlin

in Liberty

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249893
eISBN:
9780191598807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924989X.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This item consists of two excerpts from Berlin’s ‘My Intellectual Path’, an autobiographical piece, which was the last essay he wrote. It was written to help introduce Chinese students of philosophy ... More


Commercializing University Technology and the Role of Start-Up Companies

Don Rose and Cam Patterson

in Research To Revenue: A Practical Guide to University Start-Ups

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625263
eISBN:
9781469625287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625263.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Universities are a rich source of scientific innovations. Translating these innovations into high-impact products and services involves commercialization of the innovation. The Bayh-Dole Act of 1980 ... More


Key Steps to a Start-Up

Don Rose and Cam Patterson

in Research To Revenue: A Practical Guide to University Start-Ups

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625263
eISBN:
9781469625287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625263.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Spinning a company out of the university, based on university scientific research involves a number of key steps: Recognizing the Opportunity Disclosure to the University Filing for IP Protection ... More


Chokepoints: Global Private Regulation on the Internet

Natasha Tusikov

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520291218
eISBN:
9780520965034
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520291218.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

On January 18, 2012, millions of people participated in the now-infamous “Internet blackout” to protest the Stop Online Piracy Act and the rights it would have given intellectual property holders to ... More


The Implementation Game: The TRIPS Agreement and the Global Politics of Intellectual Property Reform in Developing Countries

Carolyn Deere

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199550616
eISBN:
9780191720284
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550616.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

In the 1990s, the fight between North and South over intellectual property (IP) reached new heights. The result was the World Trade Organization's (WTO's) deeply contested agreement on Trade‐Related ... More


Chinese History and Culture: Seventeenth Century Through Twentieth Century

Ying-shih Yü

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178600
eISBN:
9780231542005
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178600.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

The recipient of the Kluge Prize for lifetime achievement in the humanities, Ying-shih Yü is a premier scholar of Chinese studies. Chinese History and Culture volumes 1 and 2 bring his extraordinary ... More


The World Trade Organization

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

An account is given of the organizational structure of the WTO (World Trade Organization), which was established as a multilateral trade organization on 1 January 1995 to encompass a modified GATT ... More


Protection of Intellectual Property

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

An overview is provided of the economic rationales for protection of IPRs (intellectual property rights) and the reasons behind moves to adopt multilateral rules in this area. Some of the major ... More


Chinese History and Culture: Sixth Century B.C.E. to Seventeenth Century

Ying-shih Yü

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178587
eISBN:
9780231542012
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178587.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

The recipient of the Kluge Prize for lifetime achievement in the humanities, Ying-shih Yü is a premier scholar of Chinese studies. Chinese History and Culture volumes 1 and 2 bring his extraordinary ... More


Science and Politics of Race in Mexico and the United States, 1910-1950

Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469636405
eISBN:
9781469636429
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636405.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

In this history of the social and human sciences in Mexico and the United States, Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt reveals intricate connections among the development of science, the concept of race, and ... More


The International Trade Regime in Perspective

Srividhya Ragavan

in Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199840670
eISBN:
9780199949786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter explores the global trade regime, which viewed substantive equality as the first step towards true equality. It defines the terms substantive equality and barriers-to-trade, and then ... More


From Bataille to Badiou: Lignes, the Preservation of Radical French Thought, 1987-2017

Adrian May

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781786940438
eISBN:
9781789629118
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781786940438.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This book provides an exhaustive reading of the significant yet understudied intellectual review Lignes, from 1987 to 2017, to demonstrate how it has managed to preserve and develop the legacy of ... More


The End of Ownership: Personal Property in the Digital Economy

Aaron Perzanowski and Jason Schultz

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035019
eISBN:
9780262335959
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035019.001.0001
Subject:
Information Science, Library Science

The digital economy has great potential, but it also entails risks. The notion of personal property and ownership is under threat because of the shift to digital distribution and ubiquitous embedded ... More


Reading Augustine in the Reformation: The Flexibility of Intellectual Authority in Europe, 1500-1620

Arnoud S. Q. Visser

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199765935
eISBN:
9780199895168
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765935.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This book explores the reception of Augustine of Hippo in the European Reformations. In this religious revolution Augustine was a highly contested authority, with different parties assimilating his ... More


Medieval Damascus: Plurality and Diversity in an Arabic Library: The Ashrafiya Library Catalogue

Konrad Hirschler

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474408776
eISBN:
9781474418812
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474408776.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The written text was a pervasive feature of cultural practices in the medieval Middle East. At the heart of book circulation stood libraries that experienced a rapid expansion from the twelfth ... More


The Level Playing Field: Intellectual Property

Aaron James

in Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199846153
eISBN:
9780199933389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846153.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that developing countries should in effect be excused from WTO intellectual property rules. It rejects welfarist and natural rights arguments for TRIPs rules, but poses a novel ... More


The assumption of intellectual-moral superiority

Cristina E. Parau

in Transnational Networking and Elite Self-Empowerment: The Making of the Judiciary in Contemporary Europe and Beyond

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780197266403
eISBN:
9780191879593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266403.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

This chapter evidences that the Network Community assume judges (viz., themselves) to be morally superior to all other actors in a political context because of their sole reliance on intellect. The ... More


Artistic License: The Philosophical Problems of Copyright and Appropriation

Darren Hudson Hick

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226460109
eISBN:
9780226460383
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226460383.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Artistic License aims at analyzing the right of copyright, given its essential underlying principles in the law, and its relation to contemporary artistic practice. As several legal theorists argue, ... More


A New Conception of Science

Nicholas Maxwell

in The Comprehensibility of the Universe: A New Conception of Science

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261550
eISBN:
9780191698750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261550.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that a view called aim-oriented empiricism solves the central problems of what scientific method is. This view is different from the orthodox of view of science which holds that ... More


Arguing for Human Rights: Essential Pharmaceuticals

Mathias Risse

in On Global Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142692
eISBN:
9781400845507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142692.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines whether there is a human right to essential pharmaceuticals. It first considers the notion of an Intellectual Common by engaging with Hugo Grotius, and particularly whether his ... More


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