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ESPRIT: Europe's Response to US and Japanese Domination in Information Technology

Dimitris Assimakopoulos, Rebecca Marschan-Piekkari, and Stuart Macdonald

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

Established in 1983, the European Strategic Program for Research in Information Technologies (ESPRIT) is the oldest of the European Commission's research and technology development (RTD) programmes. ... More


Epigraphy and Informatics: An Introduction

Silvio Panciera

in Epigraphy and the Historical Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265062
eISBN:
9780191754173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265062.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This brief chapter stresses the difference between the revolutionary possibilities of applying Information Technology to the Greek and Roman epigraphic record and its limited effects to date. It ... More


Europeanization and Organizational Change in National Trade Associations: An Organizational Ecology Perspective

Jürgen R. Grote and Achim Lang

in The Politics of Europeanization

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252091
eISBN:
9780191599224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252092.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The first section of this chapter on Europeanization in relation to organizational change in national trade associations addresses the paradigm of Europeanization and business interest associations. ... More


Introduction: The Problematic of Information Technology and Organization

Brian P. Bloomfield, Rod Coombs, David Knights, and Dale Littler

in Information Technology and Organizations: Strategies, Networks, and Integration

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289395
eISBN:
9780191684692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289395.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This introductory chapter sets out the starting-point for the Programme on Information and Communication Technology's (PICT) research on information technology (IT) and organizations, and thus ... More


The virtual corporation 1

John Child, David Faulkner, and Stephen B. Tallman

in Cooperative Strategy: Managing Alliances, Networks, and Joint Ventures

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199266241
eISBN:
9780191699139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266241.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy, Organization Studies

There is a wide variety of descriptions and definitions of virtual organization available. This chapter first identifies some of the common features of this new organizational form. It then describes ... More


Sector‐Specific Multilateral Trade Agreements

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter looks at the major sector‐specific agreements that have been negotiated under the auspices of GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade), and in particular at agriculture, and ... More


Modelling Sagalassos: Creation of a 3D Archaeological Virtual Site

Luc Van Gool, Marc Pollefeys, Marc Proesmans, and Alexey Zalesny

in Images and Artefacts of the Ancient World

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262962
eISBN:
9780191734533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262962.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

This chapter discusses the goals of the Murale project, an Information Society Technologies (IST) project, which is funded by the European Commission in order to advance the use of computer ... More


Postscript: ICT and Mahatma Gandhi

Balmiki Prasad Singh

in India's Culture: The State, the Arts, and Beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198060635
eISBN:
9780199080250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198060635.003.0005
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Indian civilization is deep-rooted and far-reaching. There were four encounters that have been seminal in Indian civilization. Each of these four civilizational encounters has deeply influenced the ... More


New Romantic Cyborgs: Romanticism, Information Technology, and the End of the Machine

Mark Coeckelbergh

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035460
eISBN:
9780262343084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035460.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Most people assume that technology and romanticism are opposed. They share this assumption with many contemporary philosophers of technology, who tend to reduce romanticism to nostalgia. This book ... More


The Ethics of Information

Luciano Floridi

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199641321
eISBN:
9780191760938
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641321.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This is the first philosophical monograph entirely and exclusively dedicated to Information Ethics.Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have profoundly changed many aspects of life, ... More


The Information-Industrial Complex

Shawn M. Powers and Michael Jablonski

in The Real Cyber War: The Political Economy of Internet Freedom

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039126
eISBN:
9780252097102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039126.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter examines the emergence of an Information-Industrial Complex in the United States, tracking the rise of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and the modern knowledge economy. It ... More


Information: A Brief Modern History

David Sarokin and Jay Schulkin

in Missed Information: Better Information for Building a Wealthier, More Sustainable Future

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034920
eISBN:
9780262336253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034920.003.0002
Subject:
Information Science, Library Science

“Information” has taken on new meanings and new significance in the Information Age. The subject has moved beyond the traditional realm of engineering. Encyclopedias and text books that formerly ... More


Introduction: The Question Concerning Technology and Romanticism

Mark Coeckelbergh

in New Romantic Cyborgs: Romanticism, Information Technology, and the End of the Machine

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035460
eISBN:
9780262343084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035460.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The introduction explains that the main argument and narrative of this book is that technology and romanticism are not in opposition to each other. The literature of the philosophy of technology ... More


“I was an escort on a bike”: Kora

Raven Bowen

in Work, Money and Duality: Trading Sex as a Side Hustle

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781447358800
eISBN:
9781447358848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447358800.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

Goffman’s works on strategies about concealing stigmatised identities that relate to double, double biographies, line and face and appearance management are brought to life through the experiences of ... More


China's New Industries and Regional Economic Realignment in the Asia Pacific*

Y. Y. Kueh

in Pax Sinica: Geopolitics and Economics of China's Ascendance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9789888083824
eISBN:
9789888180158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083824.003.0011
Subject:
History, Political History

The purpose of this chapter is to examine the pace and pattern of development of China's new industries, as they may bear on the regional production networks in East Asia. Two new industries are ... More


The Exponential Nature of Technology

Arlindo Oliveira

in The Digital Mind: How Science is Redefining Humanity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262036030
eISBN:
9780262338394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.003.0002
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter provides a brief review of the history of technology, covering pre-historical technologies, the agricultural revolution, the first two industrial revolutions, and the third industrial ... More


The Myth of Multistakeholder Governance

Shawn M. Powers and Michael Jablonski

in The Real Cyber War: The Political Economy of Internet Freedom

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039126
eISBN:
9780252097102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039126.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter examines how multistakeholder institutions reflect dominant political and/or economic interests, arguing that the discourse of multistakeholderism is used to legitimize arrangements ... More


Design for X: Prediction and the Embeddedness (or Not) of Research in Technology Production

Dawn Nafus

in Subversion, Conversion, Development: Cross-Cultural Knowledge Exchange and the Politics of Design

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027168
eISBN:
9780262322492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027168.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter reflects on a project within a technology corporation that challenged what it is a firm needs to know about its customers. When firms view customers as merely predictable, they reduce ... More


Cybermarxism and Innovation (1961–1971)

Arvid Nelson

in Cold War Ecology: Forests, Farms, and People in the East German Landscape, 1945-1989

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106602
eISBN:
9780300130300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106602.003.0007
Subject:
History, Environmental History

The Soviet Union entered the 1960s with confidence after its victory in World War II, coupled with promising economic and political prospects. The Soviet bloc was having unprecedented productivity ... More


Digital India Seeks ‘Safe Harbour’

Prashant Reddy T. and Sumathi Chandrashekaran

in Create, Copy, Disrupt: India's Intellectual Property Dilemmas

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199470662
eISBN:
9780199088850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199470662.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter narrates the evolution of a safe harbour provision for internet intermediaries under Indian law. The creation of such safe harbour is crucial for the growth of both internet service ... More


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