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The Theory of Spirits

Phillip Wiebe

in God and Other Spirits: Intimations of Transcendence in Christian Experience

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195140125
eISBN:
9780199835492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140125.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter, central to this book, elaborates on the theory of spirits that has been advanced to explain numerous kinds of phenomena, a few of which were sampled in the first two chapters. The ... More


The Problem of Secret Intelligence

Kjetil Anders Hatlebrekke

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780748691838
eISBN:
9781474465304
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748691838.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Why is intelligence so hard to define? Why is there no systematic or adequate theory of intelligence? This book argues that classic intelligence production has been premised on an ill-founded belief ... More


Induction

Christopher Peacocke

in The Realm of Reason

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270729
eISBN:
9780191600944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270724.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Argues that the same principles of complexity reduction that he used to explain principles of perceptual entitlement in the preceding chapter can be used to explain the principles of inductive ... More


The Future of Sympathy II:: Hume and the Afterlife of Shaftesburianism

Seth Lobis

in Virtue of Sympathy: Magic, Philosophy, and Literature in Seventeenth-Century England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300192032
eISBN:
9780300210415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300192032.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter focuses on David Hume’s critique of a sympathetic worldview, as represented by Shaftesbury and by the Peripatetic philosophers, as well as on Hume’s elevation of human sympathy as a ... More


On Analysis

Kjetil Anders Hatlebrekke

in The Problem of Secret Intelligence

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780748691838
eISBN:
9781474465304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748691838.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

The understanding and acknowledgement of the problem of induction and its negative force on discourse failure bring intelligence studies towards a new theory of intelligence. The understanding of ... More


Abduction: Inference and Instinct

John Kaag

in Thinking Through the Imagination: Aesthetics in Human Cognition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780823254934
eISBN:
9780823261031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823254934.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter focuses the relationship between Peircean abduction and the concepts of the imagination and genius in German idealism. It asks the following questions: What is abduction? Can abduction ... More


Greek Enlightenment: What the Buddha, Pyrrho, and Hume Argue Against

Christopher I. Beckwith

in Greek Buddha: Pyrrho's Encounter with Early Buddhism in Central Asia

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176321
eISBN:
9781400866328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176321.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

The argument known in Antiquity as the Problem of the Criterion was introduced to Western thought by Pyrrho of Elis, who learned it in Central Asia and India from Early Buddhism. The problem ... More


The Stage is Set

in Stanford in Turmoil: Campus Unrest, 1966–1972

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804760799
eISBN:
9780804771016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804760799.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the late 1960s, a series of events set the stage for the unrest that would later erupt at Stanford University. It began on February 20, 1967, three days before David Harris resigned as president ... More


Scientific Method: The Engine of Knowledge

Vered Maimon

in "Singular Images, Failed Copies": William Henry Fox Talbot and the Early Photograph

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816694716
eISBN:
9781452953526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816694716.003.0001
Subject:
Art, Photography

This chapter thus focuses on Talbot’s first 1839 discovery account, “Some Account of the Art of Photogenic Drawing.” It argues that by evoking the inductive method Talbot didn’t assign a privileged ... More


Radical Interpretation and Reference Magnetism

J. Robert G. Williams

in The Metaphysics of Representation

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198850205
eISBN:
9780191884672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198850205.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is one of three that draws out the consequences of Radical Interpretation for how concepts represent the world. A claim associated with David Lewis is that metaphysically fundamental ... More


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