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Severed Limbs, Severed Legacies: Indira Gandhi’s Emergency and the Problem of Subalternity

Asha Nadkarni

in Eugenic Feminism: Reproductive Nationalism in the United States and India

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816689903
eISBN:
9781452949284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816689903.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

This chapter discusses Indira Gandhi’s political career during the period of Emergency rule. Gandhi portrayed herself as Mother India throughout her political career to interpellate Indian women as ... More


Working a Democratic Constitution: A History of the Indian Experience

Granville Austin

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195656107
eISBN:
9780199080397
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195656107.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This is a history of the working of the Indian Constitution from 1950 to 1985, written for Indians and non-Indians — who are interested in India and in its constitutional experience. Because the ... More


Crises and Debates: Contestation and Revision of India’s Israel policy (1956–1974)

Nicolas Blarel

in The Evolution of India's Israel Policy: Continuity, Change, and Compromise since 1922

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199450626
eISBN:
9780199084968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199450626.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The third chapter discusses a much-neglected phase of India’s Israel policy. India’s no-relationship policy came under serious criticism after the West Asian crisis of 1967. From 1967 to 1974, the ... More


Autumn of the Matriarch: Indira Gandhi's Final Term in Office

Diego Maiorano

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780190233068
eISBN:
9780190247416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190233068.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book studies Indira Gandhi’s final term in office as India’s Prime Minister (1980–84). This is an important period in the country’s recent history as it is then that some of the defining ... More


Political Mobilisation in the Early 1980s

Diego Maiorano

in Autumn of the Matriarch: Indira Gandhi's Final Term in Office

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780190233068
eISBN:
9780190247416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190233068.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

The chapter argues that in the 1980s new forms of political mobilization emerged. These would shape India’s politics for the following thirty years. First, the early 1980s saw the emergence of a ... More


The Party that didn’t Work: The Congress (I) in the Early 1980s

Diego Maiorano

in Autumn of the Matriarch: Indira Gandhi's Final Term in Office

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780190233068
eISBN:
9780190247416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190233068.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

The chapter starts with an account of the brief Janata Party government (1977-79) and shows how this changed Indian politics in several ways. It then presents an analysis of the 1980 elections in a ... More


India’s Turn to Populism

Paul D. Kenny

in Populism and Patronage: Why Populists Win Elections in India, Asia, and Beyond

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198807872
eISBN:
9780191845673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807872.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter shows how the fragmentation of political authority precipitated a crisis of legitimacy of the old order. Using a mix of qualitative and quantitative data, it first shows how Indira ... More


Closing the Circle

Granville Austin

in Working a Democratic Constitution: A History of the Indian Experience

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195656107
eISBN:
9780199080397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195656107.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

After the declaration of the Emergency, months passed before long-term plans were completed. But the short-run need was clear to the Prime Minister and her associates: to protect her position and her ... More


Turbulence in Federal Relations

Granville Austin

in Working a Democratic Constitution: A History of the Indian Experience

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195656107
eISBN:
9780199080397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195656107.003.0028
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Matters of national unity and integrity and the character of centre-state relations dominated the country's political affairs between 1980 and 1985. Governments in other states were reconsidering ... More


The 1970s: Crosscurrents

M.K. Raghavendra

in Seduced by the Familiar: Narration and Meaning in Indian Popular Cinema

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195696547
eISBN:
9780199080281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195696547.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter discusses the narrative patterns in popular cinema after Indira Gandhi departed from the Nehruvian mode and later became the prime minister. During this period, films centred on the ... More


Institutions: Politicisation, Erosion, and Informalisation

Diego Maiorano

in Autumn of the Matriarch: Indira Gandhi's Final Term in Office

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780190233068
eISBN:
9780190247416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190233068.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

The chapter is focused on the relationship between Indira Gandhi and the formal institutions of the state. It describes the de-institutionalization of India’s democratic framework which can be seen ... More


Introduction

Zorawar Daulet Singh

in Power and Diplomacy: India's Foreign Policies During the Cold War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780199489640
eISBN:
9780199095346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199489640.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

If we seek to make informed assessments about India’s future foreign policy and possible contestations, we must revisit a much larger and earlier slice of its strategic past, in order to discern ... More


‘Diaoyutai’

Rudra Chaudhuri

in Forged in Crisis: India and the United States Since 1947

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199354863
eISBN:
9780199388271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354863.003.0007
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter closely traces the diplomatic initiatives taken by India prior to the intervention in East Pakistan – or what later became Bangladesh – in early December, 1971. It studies how and why ... More


Looking in the Mirror of the East

Ashis Nandy

in Talking India: Ashis Nandy in Conversation with Ramin Jahanbegloo

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678987
eISBN:
9780199081356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678987.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This section begins with a discussion of Ashis Nandy's work on Indian fascism. Nandy also talks about the two forms of violence in India—mass violence and individualistic violence, and whether ... More


26 June 1975

Granville Austin

in Working a Democratic Constitution: A History of the Indian Experience

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195656107
eISBN:
9780199080397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195656107.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

On June 26, 1975, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi told the nation in a radio broadcast that with Parliament not in session, the President had declared an emergency because of turmoil and incipient ... More


Ghosts of Governments Past

Granville Austin

in Working a Democratic Constitution: A History of the Indian Experience

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195656107
eISBN:
9780199080397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195656107.003.0025
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Indira Gandhi's Congress(I) roundly defeated the Janata Party in the elections of January 1980, but the approximately five years of her ‘second reign’ were not happy ones for the country. Neither Mrs ... More


Conclusion

Diego Maiorano

in Autumn of the Matriarch: Indira Gandhi's Final Term in Office

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780190233068
eISBN:
9780190247416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190233068.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

The chapter starts with an account of the events that followed Indira Gandhi’s assassination, when violence erupted against the Sikhs. The chapter argues that the anti-Sikh riots of 1984 and the ... More


Introduction

Zoya Hasan

in Congress after Indira: Policy, Power, Political Change (1984-2009)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195685978
eISBN:
9780199082216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195685978.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

The introduction discusses the theme of this volume which is about the changes in the political strategies and structure of the Indian National Congress after Indira Gandhi. This volume provides an ... More


From Gandhi to Gandhi: Contraceptive Technologies and Sexual Politics in Postcolonial India, 1947–1977

Sanjam Ahluwalia and Daksha Parmar

in Reproductive States: Global Perspectives on the Invention and Implementation of Population Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199311071
eISBN:
9780190245627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199311071.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the history of contraceptive technologies adopted by the postcolonial Indian state between 1947 and 1977. The chapter focuses upon three birth control methods, namely, rhythm ... More


Hindu Revivalism and Muslim Reaction

A. G. Noorani

in The Muslims of India: A Documentary Record

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195670561
eISBN:
9780199080618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670561.003.0005
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter presents several documents focusing on the Muslim reaction to Hindu revivalism. Some of these are Muslim MPs’ memorandum to the Prime Minister on communal riots; Prime Minister’s ... More


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