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INTRODUCTION: THE NOTION OF A TEMPORAL BIAS

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter introduces two temporal biases which will be discussed in part III of the book: the bias towards the near (future) and the bias towards the future. It also analyses the irrationality of ... More


How to Mind Your Own Business

Jonathan McKenzie

in The Political Thought of Henry David Thoreau: Privatism and the Practice of Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166308
eISBN:
9780813166384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166308.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Critics have long been unable to square Henry D. Thoreau’s individualist philosophy with his intermittent political participation. In order to clarify Thoreau’s intentions, this chapter offers an ... More


Principles of Rational Valuing

Jonathan Dancy

in Ethics Without Principles

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199270026
eISBN:
9780191601729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270023.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Considers the prospects of a form of holism in the theory of choice, which holds that the value of one alternative can be affected by the mere presence of others. Argues that this position (also know ... More


Indifference to Difference: On Queer Universalism

Madhavi Menon

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816695904
eISBN:
9781452953656
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816695904.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

Indifference to Difference organises itself around Alain Badiou’s suggestion that in the face of increasing claims of identitarian specificity, one might consider the politics and ethics of being ... More


Facing Nature

Hugh Epstein

in Hardy, Conrad and the Senses

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474449861
eISBN:
9781474477086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474449861.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This two-part chapter initially places Hardy and Conrad within the context of later nineteenth-century scientific conceptions of ‘Nature’. Both writers are shown in their letters and essays as ... More


Accuracy and the Laws of Credence

Richard Pettigrew

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198732716
eISBN:
9780191797019
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732716.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book explores a particular way of justifying the rational principles that govern credences (or degrees of belief). The main principles that the book justifies are the central tenets of Bayesian ... More


Skeptics

Louis Narens and Brian Skyrms

in The Pursuit of Happiness: Philosophical and Psychological Foundations of Utility

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198856450
eISBN:
9780191889721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856450.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The rise of ordinalism in Economics. Interaction with the Vienna Circle. Use of Edgeworth’s indifference curves to explain market behaviour. Different kinds of Ordinalism. Pareto optimality. ... More


Sarah Hall

Daniel Lea

in Twenty-First-Century Fiction: Contemporary British Voices

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780719081491
eISBN:
9781526121097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719081491.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter focuses on the writing of the Cumbrian novelist Sarah Hall, and explores her work’s close engagement with place and landscape as constitutive of social identity. By examining her fiction ... More


Introduction

Noëlle Vahanian

in The Rebellious No: Variations on a Secular Theology of Language

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780823256952
eISBN:
9780823261444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256952.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This introductory chapter defines and situates secular theology as a theology both of and after the Death of God, and as a theology of language after the postmodern linguistic turn. Faith becomes a ... More


The Law of the Indifferent Middle

Noëlle Vahanian

in The Rebellious No: Variations on a Secular Theology of Language

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780823256952
eISBN:
9780823261444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256952.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter makes the case for the ethical worth of secular theology of language. To think theologically is to question one’s assumptions, to refuse the posture of certainty, to recognize that no ... More


What is Sufficientarianism?

Liam Shields

in Just Enough: Sufficiency As a Demand of Justice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748691869
eISBN:
9781474427029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748691869.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explains how sufficiency or sufficientarianism has historically been understood and explains the debates about it, highlighting the Indifference and Upper-Limit Objections that have been ... More


Two Non-senses of “Probability”

Wayne C. Myrvold

in Beyond Chance and Credence: A Theory of Hybrid Probabilities

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198865094
eISBN:
9780191897481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198865094.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter engages in some ground-clearing. Two concepts have been proposed to play the role of objective probability. One is associated with the idea that probability involves mere counting of ... More


Maximin and the Principle of Indifference

Richard Pettigrew

in Accuracy and the Laws of Credence

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198732716
eISBN:
9780191797019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732716.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins Part III of the book, which treats the accuracy argument for the Principle of Indifference and explores the consequences of various risk-sensitive decision-theoretic principles ... More


Vagueness and Desire

Andrew Bacon

in Vagueness and Thought

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198712060
eISBN:
9780191780264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198712060.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to the view that vagueness is merely a kind of ignorance, there is no principled reason to think that one cannot care intrinsically about vague matters. In this chapter, it is argued that ... More


The Arbitrariness Argument

Meghan Sullivan

in Time Biases: A Theory of Rational Planning and Personal Persistence

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198812845
eISBN:
9780191850639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812845.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a non‐arbitrariness argument against near bias: (1) At any given time, a prudentially rational agent’s preferences are insensitive to arbitrary differences. (2) Relative ... More


The European Union: Indifference, Security and Economic Interests, Prestige

Catherine Gegout

in Why Europe Intervenes in Africa: Security Prestige and the Legacy of Colonialism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190845162
eISBN:
9780190943288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190845162.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter six shows that even the European Union, which gives a high priority to addressing development problems, and which is legally constrained to act in accordance with international law, often ... More


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