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Most of Them Were Sold to the French

Brett Rushforth

in Bonds of Alliance: Indigenous and Atlantic Slaveries in New France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835586
eISBN:
9781469601359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807838174_rushforth.10
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter discusses how Indians employed the Indian slave trade to shape the contours of the alliance even as it limited French options. As French colonizers sought to enlarge their influence in ... More


“As good if not better then the Moorish Slaves”: Law, Slavery, and the Second Native Diaspora

Margaret Ellen Newell

in Brethren by Nature: New England Indians, Colonists, and the Origins of American Slavery

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801434150
eISBN:
9780801456480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801434150.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter discusses the changes wrought by King Philip's War (1675–76) in law and practice regarding involuntary servitude. Of the more than two thousand Indians reduced to servitude and slavery ... More


Slaves: African and Indian

Carl J. Ekberg and Sharon K. Person

in St. Louis Rising: The French Regime of Louis St. Ange de Bellerive

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038976
eISBN:
9780252096938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038976.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter examines the role played by African and Indian slaves in early St. Louis. Indians had practiced slavery long before European explorers, traders, and colonizers arrived on North American ... More


Introduction: The Problem of Indian Slavery in Early America

Margaret Ellen Newell

in Brethren by Nature: New England Indians, Colonists, and the Origins of American Slavery

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801434150
eISBN:
9780801456480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801434150.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This introductory chapter begins by describing a 1739 case involving a man named Caesar who had allegedly “deserted” the service of his master, Samuel Richards, who owned a blacksmith shop. Richards ... More


To be sold “in any part of ye kings Dominyons”: Judicial Enslavement of New England Indians

Margaret Ellen Newell

in Brethren by Nature: New England Indians, Colonists, and the Origins of American Slavery

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801434150
eISBN:
9780801456480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801434150.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter describes English colonists' use of court-ordered servitude and other, even more informal claims to maintain their supply of Indian slaves in the eighteenth century. In order to reduce ... More


The Emergence of the Colonial South, ca. 1710–1715

Robbie Ethridge

in From Chicaza to Chickasaw: The European Invasion and the Transformation of the Mississippian World, 1540-1715

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834350
eISBN:
9781469603742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899335_ethridge.12
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

This chapter examines the Yamasee War from various angles. Most scholars agree that at its root is the Indian slave trade and the inauguration of the Atlantic trade system in the South. With ... More


“Free men subjects to the king”: The Search for Enslavable Indians in the Northeast and Southeast

Margaret Ellen Newell

in Brethren by Nature: New England Indians, Colonists, and the Origins of American Slavery

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801434150
eISBN:
9780801456480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801434150.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter focuses on Indian enslavement in the post-King Philip's War period. English colonists in southern New England initially evaded new barriers to slavery by importing Native Americans from ... More


“I doe not see how wee can thrive untill wee gett into a stock of slaves”: Slavery in the Puritan Atlantic World

Margaret Ellen Newell

in Brethren by Nature: New England Indians, Colonists, and the Origins of American Slavery

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801434150
eISBN:
9780801456480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801434150.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter considers the justifications for Indian slavery in the seventeenth century. Foremost among these rationales was the need for labor both in New England and in the Atlantic and Caribbean ... More


“We sold … 47 Indians, young and old for 80£. in money”: Enslavement in King Philip’s War

Margaret Ellen Newell

in Brethren by Nature: New England Indians, Colonists, and the Origins of American Slavery

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801434150
eISBN:
9780801456480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801434150.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter focuses on King Philip's War (1675–76) and its impact on Indian–English relations and the Native American experience. Most historical narratives of the war mention the captivity and ... More


Brethren by Nature: New England Indians, Colonists, and the Origins of American Slavery

Margaret Ellen Newell

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801434150
eISBN:
9780801456480
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801434150.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This book reveals a little-known aspect of American history: English colonists in New England enslaved thousands of Indians. Massachusetts became the first English colony to legalize slavery in 1641, ... More


Epilogue Of the Indian Race

Brett Rushforth

in Bonds of Alliance: Indigenous and Atlantic Slaveries in New France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835586
eISBN:
9781469601359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807838174_rushforth.13
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Indian slavery in the Pays d'en Haut in the 1660s profoundly affected Native and French colonial societies for nearly a century. The alliance allowed Natives to supply New France with Indian ... More


“Indians we have received into our houses”: Pequot War Captives in New England Households

Margaret Ellen Newell

in Brethren by Nature: New England Indians, Colonists, and the Origins of American Slavery

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801434150
eISBN:
9780801456480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801434150.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter considers the interactions between Pequot Indian captives and the English. The Indians' presence in homes, streets, inns, churches, stores, and fields forged a hybrid society where ... More


“Such a servant is part of her Master’s estate”: Acculturation, Resistance, and the Making of a Hybrid Society

Margaret Ellen Newell

in Brethren by Nature: New England Indians, Colonists, and the Origins of American Slavery

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801434150
eISBN:
9780801456480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801434150.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter examines the assimilation and rejection of English culture by Pequot Indian captives. The slaves who acculturated enough to understand the society and system in which they now had to ... More


“An Indian to help in the work”: The Importance of Indian Labor in the New England Economy

Margaret Ellen Newell

in Brethren by Nature: New England Indians, Colonists, and the Origins of American Slavery

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801434150
eISBN:
9780801456480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801434150.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter details English efforts to assert their sovereignty over the Indians. This took the form of pressure on Indians to sign treaties and cede land, as well as a tightening of tributary ... More


Epilogue

Robbie Ethridge

in From Chicaza to Chickasaw: The European Invasion and the Transformation of the Mississippian World, 1540-1715

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834350
eISBN:
9781469603742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899335_ethridge.13
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

This chapter shows how the Chickasaws, as well as the other Southern Indians, segued from trading in Indian slaves to trading in skins, mostly those of the white-tailed deer. Throughout the slaving ... More


Carolina

Mary Elizabeth Fitts

in Fit for War: Sustenance and Order in the Mid-Eighteenth-Century Catawba Nation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781683400059
eISBN:
9781683400295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683400059.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter examines the development of the Carolina colony from its inception through the mid-eighteenth century. In addition to providing a better understanding of Carolina’s geographic extent, ... More


Mississippi's American Indians

James F. Barnett

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617032455
eISBN:
9781617032462
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617032455.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

At the beginning of the eighteenth century, over twenty different American Indian tribal groups inhabited present-day Mississippi. Today, Mississippi is home to only one tribe, the Mississippi Band ... More


“Davids warre”: The Pequot War and the Origins of Slavery in New England

Margaret Ellen Newell

in Brethren by Nature: New England Indians, Colonists, and the Origins of American Slavery

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801434150
eISBN:
9780801456480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801434150.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter details the earliest contact between the English and Native Americans. Even before the English planted colonies in New England, they forcibly removed Indians from coastal settlements to ... More


Commerce and Consequence

Dale L. Hutchinson

in Disease and Discrimination: Poverty and Pestilence in Colonial Atlantic America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062693
eISBN:
9780813051789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062693.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The economic transformation of America brought about the conversion of the natural world from a structural principle of relationships to one of goods and services. Hunting and trapping, as a ... More


End of an Era

Carl J. Ekberg and Sharon K. Person

in St. Louis Rising: The French Regime of Louis St. Ange de Bellerive

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038976
eISBN:
9780252096938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038976.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter reflects on Louis St. Ange de Bellerive's diplomatic work with various Indian tribes during his lifetime. From the time that St. Ange was stationed with his father at Fort St. Joseph ... More


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