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Remnants of Romanticism

Lawrence A. Scaff

in Max Weber in America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147796
eISBN:
9781400836710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147796.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

This chapter examines Max Weber's exploration of the American heartland and frontier, with particular emphasis on his experiences in Oklahoma and the Indian Territory. It first considers how the idea ... More


Indian Territory and the Treaties of 1866: A Long History of Emancipation

Barbara Krauthamer

in The World the Civil War Made

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624181
eISBN:
9781469624204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624181.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter traces the history of black people's emancipation from slavery in Indian Territory, with particular emphasis on the 1866 treaties that leaders of the Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Choctaw, ... More


Separate Paths: Katy and William in the Antebellum Creek Nation

Claudio Saunt

in Black, White, and Indian: Race and the Unmaking of an American Family

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176315
eISBN:
9780199788972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176315.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

In the Antebellum era, slaveholders dominated the Creek government. Under their guidance, the Creek Nation passed laws punishing abolitionists, defending slavery, and discriminating against black ... More


“It is negroes that we are killing now”: The Graysons' Civil War

Claudio Saunt

in Black, White, and Indian: Race and the Unmaking of an American Family

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176315
eISBN:
9780199788972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176315.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

During the Civil War, many Creek Indians (as well as other members of the Five Civilized Tribes) joined the Confederacy. This chapter follows the fate of the Graysons as some family members went ... More


Race and Removal: Katy's Compromise

Claudio Saunt

in Black, White, and Indian: Race and the Unmaking of an American Family

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176315
eISBN:
9780199788972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176315.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

Many Creeks, including Katy Grayson, understood Indian removal as an object lesson in the power of race to shape their lives. The policies of the federal and state governments as well as scientific ... More


Northern Indians and Negro Slaves: Wash and the Politics of Reconstruction

Claudio Saunt

in Black, White, and Indian: Race and the Unmaking of an American Family

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176315
eISBN:
9780199788972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176315.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History

In the era of Reconstruction, the Creek Nation pursued a policy of states' rights in order to defend its sovereignty against the federal government. The Creeks' conflation of states' rights and ... More


Suffragists in an Imperial Age: U.S. Expansion and the Woman Question, 1870–1929

Allison L. Sneider

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195321166
eISBN:
9780199869725
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195321166.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, American History: 20th Century

In 1899, Carrie Chapman Catt, who succeeded Susan B. Anthony as head of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, argued that it was the “duty” of U.S. women to help lift the inhabitants of ... More


The Hanging Judge’s Injustices

Daniel R. Maher

in Mythic Frontiers: Remembering, Forgetting, and Profiting with Cultural Heritage Tourism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062532
eISBN:
9780813051185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062532.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

From 1871 to 1896, the United States District Court for the Western District of Arkansas was located in Fort Smith and held jurisdiction in Indian Territory. It is widely claimed that “Hanging Judge” ... More


Uncertain Futures

Gregory D. Smithers

in The Cherokee Diaspora: An Indigenous History of Migration, Resettlement, and Identity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300169607
eISBN:
9780300216585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300169607.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

This chapter focuses on the Cherokee people’s uncertain future in the wake of their forced removal and resettlement in the trans-Mississippi West during the late 1830s. It examines how the Cherokees ... More


¡Indian Territory!: Lynn Riggs’s Indigenous Geographies

James H. Cox

in The Red Land to the South: American Indian Writers and Indigenous Mexico

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816675975
eISBN:
9781452947679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816675975.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

This chapter examines Cherokee dramatist Rollie Lynn Riggs’ Mexico plays, in which he imagines the dramatic geographies of the many Indian territories of the United States and Mexico. These ... More


The “Refugee Business”

Gregory D. Smithers

in The Cherokee Diaspora: An Indigenous History of Migration, Resettlement, and Identity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300169607
eISBN:
9780300216585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300169607.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

This chapter examines questions related to Cherokee identity, social status, “blood,” and migration—what the prominent Cherokee leader W. P. Adair called the refugee business—in the trans-Mississippi ... More


Diasporic Horizons

Gregory D. Smithers

in The Cherokee Diaspora: An Indigenous History of Migration, Resettlement, and Identity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300169607
eISBN:
9780300216585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300169607.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

This chapter examines the complex historical backdrop against which the twentieth-century Cherokee diaspora took shape. It considers how the Cherokee diaspora opened up new geographical vistas and ... More


War, Division, and Refugees

Gregory D. Smithers

in The Cherokee Diaspora: An Indigenous History of Migration, Resettlement, and Identity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300169607
eISBN:
9780300216585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300169607.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

This chapter examines the impact of the American Civil War on Cherokee identity and diaspora. A little over two decades had passed since thousands of Cherokees were forced to relocate from their ... More


The Hello Bordello and Brave Men Matrix

Daniel R. Maher

in Mythic Frontiers: Remembering, Forgetting, and Profiting with Cultural Heritage Tourism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062532
eISBN:
9780813051185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062532.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The frontier complex reinforces narratives of heterosexual normativity and white male hegemony by using narratives of femme fatales, madam entrepreneurs, and brave deputies. Following Judith Butler’s ... More


The Wolf Is Come: War in the Indian Nation, 1861–1862

Thomas W. Cutrer

in Theater of a Separate War: The Civil War West of the Mississippi River, 1861-1865

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469631561
eISBN:
9781469631585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469631561.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Examines the history of the five so-called “Civilized Tribes”: their expulsion from their ancestral homelands in the southeastern United States, intertribal disagreements over alliances with North or ... More


The Recognition of Women in Oklahoma History

Linda Williams Reese

in Reshaping Women's History: Voices of Nontraditional Women Historians

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252042003
eISBN:
9780252050749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042003.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter recounts a journey in academic scholarship and the significance of the Prelinger Award in providing time and resources to research, travel to archives, and to write multicultural women’s ... More


1803 to 1837

Jennifer Graber

in The Gods of Indian Country: Religion and the Struggle for the American West

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190279615
eISBN:
9780190279646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190279615.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In 1803, Thomas Jefferson purchased the Louisiana Territory and brought Kiowa lands under the authority of the United States. Over the next 30 years, the federal government worked to purchase Indian ... More


1838 to 1867

Jennifer Graber

in The Gods of Indian Country: Religion and the Struggle for the American West

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190279615
eISBN:
9780190279646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190279615.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

By the late 1830s, Americans increasingly ventured across the Mississippi. Any barrier that had once existed between Native people and Americans began to break down. Indian Territory became ... More


The Significance of the Frontier Complex in American History

Daniel R. Maher

in Mythic Frontiers: Remembering, Forgetting, and Profiting with Cultural Heritage Tourism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062532
eISBN:
9780813051185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062532.003.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Building on Robert Frazer’s framework for understanding forts of the West, this chapter organizes the frontier complex into five eras. The era of Indian removal (1804–1848) to Indian Territory ... More


Growing Up with the Country: Family, Race, and Nation after the Civil War

Kendra Taira Field

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300180527
eISBN:
9780300182286
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180527.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Growing Up with the Country documents the migration of freedom’s first generation out of the South and into the West after the Civil War. A narrative history, the book traces three of the author’s ... More


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