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The Earned Income Tax Credit

Austin Nichols and Jesse Rothstein

in Economics of Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States, Volume I

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226370477
eISBN:
9780226370507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226370507.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

We review research on the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), focusing on work appearing since the Hotz and Scholz (2003) review. Recent work has confirmed earlier findings that labor supply effects are ... More


Alternatives to a Citizen's Income

Malcolm Torry

in Money for everyone: Why we need a citizen's income

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447311249
eISBN:
9781447311287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447311249.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Three alternative reforms are discussed. Genuine Tax Credits: (Current ‘Tax Credits’ are a means-tested benefit, and are not true Tax Credits.) Tax Credits ascribe an amount of money to each worker. ... More


Low Wages Need Not Mean Low Incomes

Lane Kenworthy, Jessica Epstein, and Daniel Duerr

in Progress for the Poor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199591527
eISBN:
9780191731389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591527.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Low-wage jobs are a prominent feature of the U.S. economy. To the surprise of many observers, the same can now be said of Germany. Changes in economic pressures, institutions, and policies make it ... More


Alternatives to a Citizen’s Basic Income

Malcolm Torry

in Why we need a Citizen's Basic Income

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447343158
eISBN:
9781447343202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447343158.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter examines three policy proposals with characteristics similar to those of a Citizen's Basic Income: Negative Income Tax, genuine Tax Credits and Participation Income. It first considers ... More


Options for implementation

Malcolm Torry

in Why we need a Citizen's Basic Income

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447343158
eISBN:
9781447343202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447343158.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter considers four different methods for implementing a Citizen's Basic Income. The first is ‘all in one go’, which abolishes means-tested benefits. The second is ‘all in one go’, but ... More


Introduction: The Thunder of History

Michael Littlewood

in Taxation Without Representation: The History of Hong Kong's Troublingly Successful Tax System

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622090996
eISBN:
9789882207455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622090996.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter provides some background information on the origins, developments, and operation of Hong Kong's tax system. It also provides a brief account of the distinguishing characteristics of Hong ... More


Tax Policy toward Low-Income Families

Hilary Hoynes and Jesse Rothstein

in The Economics of Tax Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190619725
eISBN:
9780190619756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190619725.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Chapter 7 reviews the most prominent provision of the federal income tax code that targets low-income tax filers, the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), as well as the structurally similar Child Tax ... More


The Earned Income Tax Credit as an anti-poverty programme: palliative or cure?

Phyllis Jeroslow

in Social Policy Review 25: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2013

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447312741
eISBN:
9781447312857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447312741.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

One of the questions raised by the competition state thesis is what the consequences are for citizens of governments who are shifting social policies closer towards the needs of employers and the ... More


Has “In-Work” Benefit Reform Helped the Labor Market?

Richard Blundell and Hilary Hoynes (eds)

in Seeking a Premier Economy: The Economic Effects of British Economic Reforms, 1980-2000

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226092843
eISBN:
9780226092904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226092904.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Welfare policy toward low-income families in the United Kingdom experienced a significant shift toward “in-work” benefits in the late 1980s and 1990s. Although a work requirement for some forms of ... More


Negative Income Tax Comes to Britain, 1955–1970

Peter Sloman

in Transfer State: The Idea of a Guaranteed Income and the Politics of Redistribution in Modern Britain

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198813262
eISBN:
9780191851254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813262.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The 1960s witnessed a revival of concern about poverty on both sides of the Atlantic. One of the most fashionable responses to this ‘rediscovery of poverty’ in the United States was the concept of a ... More


New Labour’s Tax Credits, 1997–2010

Peter Sloman

in Transfer State: The Idea of a Guaranteed Income and the Politics of Redistribution in Modern Britain

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198813262
eISBN:
9780191851254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813262.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The thirteen years of Labour government between 1997 and 2010 may come to be seen by future historians as the zenith of the British transfer state, when—in contrast to other western countries—the ... More


Innovative Finance in Communities Across the United States

Georgia Levenson Keohane

in Capital and the Common Good: How Innovative Finance is Tackling the World's Most Urgent Problems

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178020
eISBN:
9780231541664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178020.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

examine whether some of the place-based investment strategies, like the Community Reinvestment Act and the Low Income Housing Tax Credit—which have unlocked billions of dollars in private capital for ... More


Revising Government Tax Policies

Robert Cherry and Robert Lerman

in Moving Working Families Forward: Third Way Policies That Can Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814717189
eISBN:
9780814769904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814717189.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines ways to improve economic well-being and tax policies targeted to working families, particularly the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and child care tax policies. The EITC is ... More


Introduction

Peter Sloman

in Transfer State: The Idea of a Guaranteed Income and the Politics of Redistribution in Modern Britain

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198813262
eISBN:
9780191851254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813262.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The 2008 financial crisis and the era of austerity that followed have pushed poverty and inequality to the top of the political agenda for the first time in a generation. One of the most striking ... More


Earned Income Tax Credit Policies: Impact and Optimality

Richard Blundell

in Labor Supply and Taxation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198749806
eISBN:
9780191814082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749806.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter addresses policies directed towards low labour market attachment and low wages among certain groups of parents with children. It aims to evaluate the impact and the optimality of Earned ... More


The United States: Tax Relief for Families

Joshua T. McCabe

in The Fiscalization of Social Policy: How Taxpayers Trumped Children in the Fight Against Child Poverty

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190841300
eISBN:
9780190841331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190841300.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Population and Demography

Chapter 6 looks at how the National Commission on Children brought attention to the problem of child poverty in the US, leading to the expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit in 1993 and the ... More


Administrative Attempts to Channel Accumulations: The Income Tax Investigation Commission

Nasir Tyabji

in Forging Capitalism in Nehru’s India: Neocolonialism and the State, c. 1940-1970

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199457595
eISBN:
9780199085439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199457595.003.0004
Subject:
History, Indian History

The distinction between purely administrative controls and controls designed as part of a programme of social engineering was slow to emerge in State policy. After Independence, the government ... More


Social Insurance and Welfare

George Klosko

in The Transformation of American Liberalism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199973415
eISBN:
9780190676346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199973415.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, American Politics

Distinctive nature of social insurance and how American welfare programs were justified in these terms. Programs discussed are Social Security, “welfare” (AFDC/TANF), Supplemental Security Income, ... More


From the Era of Easy Finance to Permanent Austerity

Joshua T. McCabe

in The Fiscalization of Social Policy: How Taxpayers Trumped Children in the Fight Against Child Poverty

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190841300
eISBN:
9780190841331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190841300.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Population and Demography

Chapter 3 covers the transition from the “era of easy finance” to the “era of permanent austerity,” when macroeconomic changes reinforced logics. The onset of stagflation across the developed world ... More


The Challenge of Creating Good Jobs

Michael Lind

in Working and Living in the Shadow of Economic Fragility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199988488
eISBN:
9780190218249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199988488.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Research and Evaluation

In the aftermath of the Great Recession, the United States faces a medium-term challenge of restoring full employment and a long-term challenge of creating good jobs. Given economic constraints, it ... More


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