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Thinking about Funding Federal Retirement Plans

Toni Hustead

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Most US federal retirement plans are now fully funded, but since plan assets must legally be invested in federal securities, fund surpluses are used to reduce overall federal budget deficits. As a ... More


Sovereign Entrepreneurs: Cherokee Small-Business Owners and the Making of Economic Sovereignty

Courtney Lewis

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469648590
eISBN:
9781469648613
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469648590.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

By 2009, reverberations of economic crisis spread from the United States around the globe. As corporations across the United States folded, however, small businesses on the Qualla Boundary of the ... More


Capital in the Nineteenth Century

Robert E. Gallman and Paul W. Rhode

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226633114
eISBN:
9780226633251
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226633251.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

A nation’s capital stock is widely recognized as a crucial determinant of the productivity of its workers and the standard of living of its citizens. Tracking the evolution of capital is therefore a ... More


Standards of Living in Eighteenth-Century China: Regional Differences, Temporal Trends, and Incomplete Evidence

Kenneth Pomeranz

in Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280681
eISBN:
9780191602467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280681.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Attempts to reconstruct basic aspects of the standard of living in late eighteenth century China, focusing primarily on the Yangzi Delta (China’s richest region) but also briefly considering other ... More


Workfare’s persistent philosophical and legal issues: forced labour, reciprocity and a basic income guarantee

Amir Paz-Fuchs

in Welfare to Work in Contemporary European Welfare States: Legal, Sociological and Philosophical Perspectives on Justice and Domination

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447340010
eISBN:
9781447340164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447340010.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter addresses four persistent legal and philosophical issues that imbue workfare, albeit usually not explicitly. First, forced labour is a relatively common charge against workfare. If ... More


Introduction

Matthew P. Drennan

in Income Inequality: Why It Matters and Why Most Economists Didn't Notice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300209587
eISBN:
9780300216349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209587.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Synopsis of book. U.S. trends in income distribution. Causes of rising income inequality. Consumers shift to massive debt. Why most economists overlooked importance of income inequality. Strong ... More


Low Wages Need Not Mean Low Incomes

Lane Kenworthy, Jessica Epstein, and Daniel Duerr

in Progress for the Poor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199591527
eISBN:
9780191731389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591527.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Low-wage jobs are a prominent feature of the U.S. economy. To the surprise of many observers, the same can now be said of Germany. Changes in economic pressures, institutions, and policies make it ... More


Income Inequality: Why It Matters and Why Most Economists Didn't Notice

Matthew P Drennan

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300209587
eISBN:
9780300216349
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209587.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This book tells two stories. First, it shows that rising income inequality played a major role in causing the financial crisis and Great Recession of 2008-2009. While others have argued that rising, ... More


Has This Happened Before?

Matthew P. Drennan

in Income Inequality: Why It Matters and Why Most Economists Didn't Notice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300209587
eISBN:
9780300216349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209587.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Has rising income inequality or rising household debt or a housing price bubble played a role in serious economic decline in the past? Did a rising average propensity to consume, and thus a falling ... More


The Impact of Adjustment-Related Social Funds on Income Distribution and Poverty

Giovanni Andrea Cornia and Sanjay G. Reddy

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Most poverty and income inequality has deep‐rooted causes that can be removed only by structural (and often slow) interventions, although it is now increasingly evident that structural adjustment, ... More


Factor Shares and Resource Booms: Accounting for the Evolution of Venezuelan Inequality

Francisco RodrÍguez

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This is the second of five country case studies on income inequality, and shows that income inequality in Venezuela has significantly worsened during the past 27 years; in particular, the worsening ... More


The Impact of Financial Liberalization and the Rise of Financial Rents on Income Inequality: The Case of Turkey

A. Erinc Yeldan

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This is the third of five country case studies on income inequality, and investigates the impact of financial liberalization and the rise of financial rents on income inequality in Turkey. The ... More


Growth, Structural Change, and Inequality: The Experience of Thailand

Isra Sarntisart

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This is the last of five country case studies on income inequality, and looks at the case of Thailand. Following on from a number of other studies, the study attempts to re‐examine the relationships ... More


No More Work: Why 'Full Employment' is a Bad Idea, or, what Happens when Work Disappears

James Livingston

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469630656
eISBN:
9781469630670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630656.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

For centuries we’ve believed that work was where you learned discipline, initiative, honesty, self-reliance--in a word, character. A job was also, and not incidentally, the source of your income: if ... More


The Place of Financial Markets in the Economy

Hendrik S. Houthakker and Peter J. Williamson

in The Economics of Financial Markets

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195044072
eISBN:
9780199832958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019504407X.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Some of the frameworks and concepts of macroeconomics are deployed to explore the place of financial markets in the US economy, and various important questions are introduced (such as how interest ... More


Conclusion

Matthew P. Drennan

in Income Inequality: Why It Matters and Why Most Economists Didn't Notice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300209587
eISBN:
9780300216349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209587.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Rising income inequality has had deleterious effects upon household debt and saving. The overhang of debt and revived saving by households post 2007 will be a drag on economic expansion for some ... More


Courts, Inequality, and Health Care

Peter D. Jacobson and Elizabeth Selvin

in Healthy, Wealthy, and Fair: Health Care and the Good Society

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195170665
eISBN:
9780199850204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170665.003.0038
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

When interpreting legislation, courts are often presented with opportunities to address health-care inequalities. This chapter describes four instances showing the judiciary's reluctance to confront ... More


Demystifying the Rising Poverty Rate

Yue Chim Richard Wong

in Fixing Inequality in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789888390625
eISBN:
9789888390373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390625.003.0038
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The widespread perception of a spectacular rise in poverty rates in the past decade or so is not substantiated. The evidence shows that the economically active household poverty rate has risen ... More


The Other Welfare: Supplemental Security Income and U.S. Social Policy

Edward D. Berkowitz and Larry DeWitt

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451737
eISBN:
9780801467332
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451737.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This book offers the first comprehensive history of Supplemental Security Income (SSI), from its origins as part of President Nixon's social reform efforts to its pivotal role in the politics of the ... More


Disability and the Welfare State in Britain: Changes in Perception and Policy 1948-79

Jameel Hampton

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447316428
eISBN:
9781447316442
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447316428.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This book examines the welfare of disabled people during the welfare state of the 1940s to the later 1970s. The welfare state seemed to promise universal health and welfare for all, but originally ... More


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