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Introduction

Alex Bryson, Richard Freeman, Claudio Lucifora, Michele Pellizzari, and Virginie Pérotin

in Executive Remuneration and Employee Performance-Related Pay: A Transatlantic Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199669806
eISBN:
9780191749407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669806.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The chapter introduces the main issues raised by the second section of the book. First, the authors argue that, in recent years, a growing proportion of firms introduced incentive pay schemes. ... More


The Benefits of Long-Term P3 Concessions

Robert W. Poole Jr.

in Rethinking America's Highways: A 21st-Century Vision for Better Infrastructure

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226557571
eISBN:
9780226557601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226557601.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The P3 model creates different incentives for highways, including risk transfer and design innovation. Financial differences include revenue bonding, better project selection, guaranteed maintenance, ... More


LOIS and model lifetimes

Martin Evans and Lewis Williams

in A generation of change, a lifetime of difference?: Social policy in Britain since 1979

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847423054
eISBN:
9781447301387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423054.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter deals with the methodology of the hypothetical lifetimes that is employed in profiling the changing policy systems of 1979, 1997 and 2008 and how differences in assumptions about the ... More


How Data Trade Opens Agencies’ Closed Doors

Alon Peled

in Traversing Digital Babel: Information, E-Government, and Exchange

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027878
eISBN:
9780262319867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027878.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The chapter acknowledges that information assets are a precious resource for government agencies and maps existing data trade patterns in the US public sector. US agencies trade in three types of ... More


How Reform Worked in China

Yingyi Qian

in How Reform Worked in China: The Transition from Plan to Market

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262534246
eISBN:
9780262342728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262534246.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

China’s reform worked and produced one of the most impressive growth in the largest developing and transition economy in the world in the past twenty-two years. That China has managed to grow so ... More


Incentives, Information, and Organizational Form

Yingyi Qian

in How Reform Worked in China: The Transition from Plan to Market

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262534246
eISBN:
9780262342728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262534246.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

We model an organization as a hierarchy of managers erected on top of a technology (here consisting of a collection of plants). In our framework, the role of a manager is to take steps to reduce the ... More


Inventors in Finance: An Impressionistic History of the People Who Have Made Risk Management Work

Michael Haliassos

in Financial Innovation: Too Much or Too Little?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262018296
eISBN:
9780262305495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018296.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Some of the most important events in the history of finance are those that involved innovations that democratized finance, made its tools of incentivizing and risk management accessible for broader ... More


Methodological individualism and rational self-interest

Paul Spicker

in Reclaiming individualism: Perspectives on public policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9781447309086
eISBN:
9781447310860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447309086.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Methodological individualism has been dominated by a set of concepts which identify utility with choice, preference and welfare, but these terms are distinct. Individuals are characterised as ... More


Luck, equality and responsibility

Keith Dowding

in Power, Luck and Freedom: Collected essays

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781526107282
eISBN:
9781526120892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526107282.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Egalitarians claim that inequality in society is only justified to the extent that it results from choices freely and responsibly made. Inequality resulting from brute bad luck is not justified. I ... More


Policies to Improve Knowledge Capital

Eric A. Hanushek and Ludger Woessmann

in The Knowledge Capital of Nations: Education and the Economics of Growth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262029179
eISBN:
9780262329170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029179.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Recent history clearly shows that improvements in knowledge capital are possible and within the reach of nations. But, a wide variety of specific policies have been implemented within various ... More


Economic Change and the Transformation of Cultural Landscapes

Paul D. Escott

in Uncommonly Savage: Civil War and Remembrance in Spain and the United States

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049410
eISBN:
9780813050188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049410.003.0006
Subject:
History, Military History

Chapter 5, “Economic Change and the Transformation of Cultural Landscapes,” analyzes the connection between economic change, the alterations that it produces in social landscapes, and the ability of ... More


Physicians’ Financial Incentives to Personalize Medicine

David H. Howard, Jason Hockenberry, and Guy David

in Economic Dimensions of Personalized and Precision Medicine

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226611068
eISBN:
9780226611235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226611235.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Advocates for “personalized medicine” tests claim they can reduce health care spending by identifying patients unlikely to benefit from costly treatments. But most tests are imperfect, and so ... More


The GED Testing Program Induces Students to Drop Out

James J. Heckman, John Eric Humphries, Paul A. Lafontaine, and Pedro L. Rodríguez

in The Myth of Achievement Tests: The GED and the Role of Character in American Life

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226100098
eISBN:
9780226100128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226100128.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The option to obtain a General Educational Development (GED) certificate changes the incentives facing high school students. This chapter evaluates the effect of three different GED policy ... More


The Strategic Risk-Taking Organization*

Torben Juul Andersen, Maxine Garvey, and Oliviero Roggi

in Managing Risk and Opportunity: The Governance of Strategic Risk-Taking

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199687855
eISBN:
9780191767333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687855.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

In this chapter we distinguish between problems, risks, and uncertainty. Applying general risk management principles to deal with problems can either over- or undershoot the analytical rigor leading ... More


Health Professionals and Organizations—Moving Toward True Symbiosis

Jeffrey A. Alexander and Gary J. Young

in The Healthcare Professional Workforce: Understanding Human Capital in a Changing Industry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190215651
eISBN:
9780190215682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190215651.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Delivery organizations that depend on a professional workforce face a challenge: solving the problems of low quality and high cost. Past attempts to align the interests and behavior of professionals ... More


Implementing shared decision making: The role of incentives

Paul J. Barr and Marie-Anne Durand

in Shared Decision Making in Health Care: Achieving evidence-based patient choice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198723448
eISBN:
9780191790096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723448.003.0028
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In the USA, shared decision making (SDM) has become a high profile health policy goal since its inclusion in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). Incentivizing clinician performance ... More


Conclusion

Madurika Rasaratnam

in Tamils and the Nation: India and Sri Lanka Compared

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190498320
eISBN:
9780190638580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190498320.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This book explains the divergent resolutions of the Tamil question in India and Sri Lanka, despite comparable conditions, to the different conceptions of national identity that emerged through ... More


Conclusion

Christopher Bennett

in Bosnia's Paralyzed Peace

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190608293
eISBN:
9780190638450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190608293.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter summarizes the book’s narrative and primary arguments. It argues that the failure of the peace process was not pre-ordained but the result of treating symptoms rather than addressing the ... More


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