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Epistemic Failures of Majority Rule: Real and Imagined

Hélène Landemore

in Democratic Reason: Politics, Collective Intelligence, and the Rule of the Many

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155654
eISBN:
9781400845538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155654.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter addresses a series of objections to the claimed epistemic properties of majority rule and, more generally, aggregation of judgments. It first considers a general objection to the ... More


Reason over Time

Jed Rubenfeld

in Freedom and Time: A Theory of Constitutional Self-Government

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300080483
eISBN:
9780300129427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300080483.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

According to Kenneth Arrow's Impossibility Theorem, there is no consistent method of making a fair choice among three or more candidates using a preferential voting method. Based on an understanding ... More


Collective Choice and Voting

ROBERT V. DODGE

in Schelling's Game Theory: How to Make Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199857203
eISBN:
9780199932597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857203.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter begins with a brief voting discussion and then presents a problem and explanation from Schelling's course. It looks at sincere and strategic voting, the idea of a secret ballot, selling ... More


Pluralism, Incompletely Theorized Agreements, and Public Policy

Jennifer Prah Ruger

in Health and Social Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559978
eISBN:
9780191721489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559978.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter draws on social choice theory and proposes incompletely theorized agreements (ITAs) as an approach to collective decision‐making in public policy and human rights. The chapter presents ... More


Engaging with Impossibilities and Possibilities †

Elinor Ostrom

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen, Volume 2: Society, Institutions, and Development

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239979
eISBN:
9780191716874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239979.003.0029
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Upon thinking deeply about Kenneth Arrow's ‘Impossibility Theorem’, Amartya Sen advises scholars not to despair, but to engage seriously the impossibility result so that we understand it better and ... More


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