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Crop management in the classical and medieval periods

Denis J. Murphy

in People, Plants and Genes: The Story of Crops and Humanity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207145
eISBN:
9780191708893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The classical and medieval periods of 1800 BCE to 1500 CE were characterized by some limited technical innovation in agriculture, but little progress was made in crop improvement as global ... More


The Ocean’s Memory of the Ice Ages: The Endless Cycles of Climate Change

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247789
eISBN:
9780520942547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the discovery of the Great Ice Age, focusing on the ice-age memories of the ocean and ice-age fluctuations. It first introduces fundamental concepts regarding ... More


Once and Future Giants: What Ice Age Extinctions Tell Us About the Fate of Earth's Largest Animals

Sharon Levy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195370126
eISBN:
9780190267766
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195370126.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Until about 13,000 years ago, Europe and North America were home to a menagerie of massive mammals. Mammoths, camels, and lions walked the ground that has become our cities and streets. Then, just as ... More


Snowball earth? (1835–40)

in Worlds Before Adam: The Reconstruction of Geohistory in the Age of Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226731285
eISBN:
9780226731308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226731308.003.0036
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The explanatory problems raised by erratics and scratched bedrock remained at the heart of debates about geohistory as a whole, because they impinged crucially on the problems of reconstructing the ... More


Setting the Stage

David J. Meltzer

in The Great Paleolithic War: How Science Forged an Understanding of America's Ice Age Past

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293226
eISBN:
9780226293363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293363.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

By the early 1800s Georges Cuvier had proven animal extinction and Louis Agassiz a onetime Ice Age, putting in place key elements for telling past time. A new dimension of archaeology opened in ... More


Taking Stock for the Future (1840–45)

in Worlds Before Adam: The Reconstruction of Geohistory in the Age of Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226731285
eISBN:
9780226731308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226731308.003.0037
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The narrative in this book has been brought to an end in the mid-1840s, with the arguments over glacial extension and the putative Ice Age still in full swing, as they would continue to be for many ... More


Cute and Fuzzy Dinosaurs

Ray Zone

in 3-D Revolution: The History of Modern Stereoscopic Cinema

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813136110
eISBN:
9780813141183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813136110.003.0033
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The making of and world-wide boxoffice success of the 20th century Fox film Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs in 3D is analysed. The basis of its appeal and its international performance is discussed ... More


Introduction

Sophie Chiari

in Shakespeare's Representation of Weather, Climate and Environment: The Early Modern 'Fated Sky'

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781474442527
eISBN:
9781474459709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474442527.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

Torn as they were between trying to control their own destinies and letting God shape their actions, the Elizabethan and Jacobean subjects still looked for answers in the skies while they were also ... More


In the Line of Fire

Michael E. Mann

in The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars: Dispatches from the Front Lines

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152556
eISBN:
9780231526388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152556.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter explains how the hockey stick emerged as a fundamental icon in the assault against the scientific case for human-caused climate change after it was displayed in the IPCC Third Assessment ... More


A Framework for Understanding Environmental Change

David E. Anderson, Andrew S. Goudie, and Adrian G. Parker

in Global Environments through the Quaternary: Exploring Evironmental Change

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199697267
eISBN:
9780191810169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199697267.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter presents ideas that have evolved around the environmental changes in the world in the Quaternary period, or the last 2.6 million years. It recounts the discovery of the Ice Age and the ... More


Prologue to History

Ruth H. Sanders

in The Languages of Scandinavia: Seven Sisters of the North

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226493893
eISBN:
9780226493923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226493923.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

The earliest Modern humans settled around 8100 BC in the very far north of Fennoscandia, in northern Finnish Lapland, on the border with Norway. The settlers seem to have come from the Pontic steppes ... More


The Holocene and Global Climate Change

Thomas S. Bianchi

in Deltas and Humans: A Long Relationship now Threatened by Global Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199764174
eISBN:
9780197563083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199764174.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

The Pleistocene Epoch, often referred to as the Ice Age, lasted from approximately 2.6 million to 11,700 years ago. The last major ice advance began about 110,000 years ago, and the most recent ... More


1652: The Cardinal, the Prince, and the Crisis of the 'Fronde'

David Parrott

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198797463
eISBN:
9780191838828
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797463.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Military History

This book offers a re-evaluation of the last year of the Fronde—the political upheaval between 1648 and 1652—in the making of seventeenth-century France. In late December 1651 cardinal Mazarin defied ... More


The Floral Archive

Deborah R. Coen

in Climate in Motion: Science, Empire, and the Problem of Scale

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226398822
eISBN:
9780226555027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226555027.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The 1850s were a time of great confusion over the variability of climate in the past. It was not easy to reconcile the apparent stability of the earth’s climate in the present with the emerging ... More


Three Low-Frequency Climate in the Mesa Verde Region: beef pasture revisited

Aaron M. Wright

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Low-frequency climate records, available from pollen depositional sequences, provide an important adjunct to the high-frequency paleoclimate records provided by tree-ring research. Resampling of Beef ... More


The Valkyries' Loom: The Archaeology of Cloth Production and Female Power in the North Atlantic

Michèle Hayeur Smith

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780813066622
eISBN:
9780813058771
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813066622.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

In The Valkyries’ Loom, Michèle Hayeur Smith examines Viking textiles as evidence of the little-known work of women in the Norse colonies that expanded from Scandinavia across the North Atlantic in ... More


Ethics, Public Policy, and Global Warming

Dale Jamieson

in Climate Ethics: Essential Readings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195399622
eISBN:
9780197562840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195399622.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

There has been speculation about the possibility of anthropogenic global warming since at least the late nineteenth century (Arrhenius 1896, 1908). At times the prospect of such a warming has been ... More


Forcing Climate

Philip Jenkins

in Climate, Catastrophe, and Faith: How Changes in Climate Drive Religious Upheaval

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780197506219
eISBN:
9780197506387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197506219.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the various factors that drive climate, the “forcings.” These include volcanic eruptions, solar energy (as measured by sunspots), and oceanic changes, especially the El ... More


Land, People, and Global Context

Nancy Shields Kollmann

in The Russian Empire 1450-1801

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199280513
eISBN:
9780191822803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280513.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter explores the climate and geography of the lands that became the Russian empire, focusing on successive vegetation zones from the tundra and taiga of the north towards the more fertile ... More


Life on a Climate-Changing Planet

Daniel B. Botkin

in The Moon in the Nautilus Shell: Discordant Harmonies Reconsidered

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199913916
eISBN:
9780190267919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199913916.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the impact of environmental change, especially climate change, on life on Earth. It first considers the three ways in which organisms adjust to environmental change, from ... More


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