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Analysis of the Text

Shams Inati

in Ibn Sina's Remarks and Admonitions: Physics and Metaphysics: An Analysis and Annotated Translation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166164
eISBN:
9780231537421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166164.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The text of Physics and Metaphysics in Ibn Sina's al-Ishārāt is analyzed. The Physics, the study of nature, has three main sections, and the Metaphysics, theology or the study of that which is beyond ... More


Exegetical Cultures 1: Aristotelianism

Garth Fowden

in Before and After Muhammad: The First Millennium Refocused

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158532
eISBN:
9781400848164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158532.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines “Aristotelianism” both as an autonomous philosophy and as a common denominator of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The First Millennium was known for its generation of a Greek ... More


Avicenna

Jon McGinnis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The aim of the present work is threefold. One, it intends to place the thought of Avicenna within its proper historical context, whether the philosophical-scientific tradition inherited from the ... More


Efficient Causation: From Ibn sīnā to Ockham

Kara Richardson

in Efficient Causation: A History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199782185
eISBN:
9780199395583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782185.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Later medieval philosophers typically recognize natural, rational, and divine agents. This generous view of the scope of efficient causality invites several debates about its character. Some of these ... More


Experiment, Imagination, and the Self

Jonardon Ganeri

in The Self: Naturalism, Consciousness, and the First-Person Stance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199652365
eISBN:
9780191740718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652365.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

This chapter contrasts two methodologies for thinking about the nature of self, neither of which are fully satisfactory. The method of philosophical naturalism, which affirms a continuity between ... More


Avicenna on the Origination of the Human Soul

Seyed N. Mousavian and Seyed Hasan Saadat Mostafavi

in Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy Volume 5

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198806035
eISBN:
9780191843938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198806035.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

According to the common wisdom, among both contemporary scholars and classic interpreters, Avicenna is committed to ‘Co-origination’: The human soul is temporally originated ... More


Ibn Sina's Remarks and Admonitions: Physics and Metaphysics: An Analysis and Annotated Translation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166164
eISBN:
9780231537421
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166164.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Al-Ishārāt wal-Tanbīhāt (Remarks and Admonitions) is one of the most mature and comprehensive philosophical works by Ibn Sina (Avicenna, 980–1037). Grounded in an exploration of logic (which Ibn Sina ... More


Seventh Class (P. 241): On Abstraction1

Shams Inati

in Ibn Sina's Remarks and Admonitions: Physics and Metaphysics: An Analysis and Annotated Translation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166164
eISBN:
9780231537421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166164.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This Class deals with abstraction (purity from matter and potentiality). Ibn Sina begins by insisting on the independence of the rational soul from the body and offers arguments in support of this ... More


Persons in Islamicate Philosophy from Ibn Sīnā to Sabzavārī

Anthony F. Shaker

in Persons: A History

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190634384
eISBN:
9780190634421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190634384.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, General

The medieval learning tradition brought personhood firmly within the purview of philosophy. As commonplace as the empirical and mathematical sciences were throughout the Islamicate period, however, ... More


[Prologue] (p. 147)

Shams Inati

in Ibn Sina's Remarks and Admonitions: Physics and Metaphysics: An Analysis and Annotated Translation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166164
eISBN:
9780231537421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166164.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this prologue to the Physics, Ibn Sina talks about the principles and admonitions concerning fundamentals. He says: “He whose way is made easy will be enlightened by them, but he whose way is made ... More


Supplement to the [Third] Class (P. 431): On Expositing the Movements Produced by the Soul

Shams Inati

in Ibn Sina's Remarks and Admonitions: Physics and Metaphysics: An Analysis and Annotated Translation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166164
eISBN:
9780231537421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166164.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this Supplement to the Third Class, Ibn Sina talks about the powers of the soul that produce the human actions and movements. He discusses the branches of the plant powers and their acts. These ... More


Third Class (P. 343): On the Terrestrial and Celestial Souls

Shams Inati

in Ibn Sina's Remarks and Admonitions: Physics and Metaphysics: An Analysis and Annotated Translation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166164
eISBN:
9780231537421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166164.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this Class, Ibn Sina focuses on the soul. He first attempts to show that the existence of the soul is grasped by intuition and that the soul is something other than corporeal. He then introduces ... More


Fourth Class (P. 7): On Existence and Its Causes

Shams Inati

in Ibn Sina's Remarks and Admonitions: Physics and Metaphysics: An Analysis and Annotated Translation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166164
eISBN:
9780231537421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166164.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this Class, Ibn Sina discusses existence and its causes. Ibn Sina argues that there is an uncaused being that causes the existence of all other things. He first asserts that existence in an ... More


Sixth Class (P. 117): On Ends, on Their Principles, and on the Arrangement [of Existence]

Shams Inati

in Ibn Sina's Remarks and Admonitions: Physics and Metaphysics: An Analysis and Annotated Translation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166164
eISBN:
9780231537421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166164.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this Class, Ibn Sina talks about ends, their principles, and the arrangement of existence. He begins by investigating whether it is possible for the First Intellectual Principle and other exalted ... More


Islamic Emanationism

Mark Sedgwick

in Western Sufism: From the Abbasids to the New Age

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199977642
eISBN:
9780190622701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977642.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines the impact of Neoplatonic emanationism in Islam. It also introduces Sufism and crucial Sufi concepts in their classic form. It argues that Arab philosophers such as Avicenna ... More


First Class (P. 149): On the Substance of Bodies

Shams Inati

in Ibn Sina's Remarks and Admonitions: Physics and Metaphysics: An Analysis and Annotated Translation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166164
eISBN:
9780231537421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166164.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this Class, Ibn Sina deals with the substance or true reality of bodies and what attaches to it. He first discusses earlier schools of atomism and their concept of the uncuttable or indivisible ... More


Second Class (P. 257): On the Directions and Their Primary and Secondary Bodies

Shams Inati

in Ibn Sina's Remarks and Admonitions: Physics and Metaphysics: An Analysis and Annotated Translation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166164
eISBN:
9780231537421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166164.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this Class, Ibn Sina discusses the directions and their primary and secondary bodies. He begins by arguing that directions are determined only by an enveloping sphere, a single circular simple ... More


The Unchangeable Necessary Being

Leslie Stevenson

in Eighteen Takes on God: A Short Guide for Those Who Are Still Perplexed

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190066109
eISBN:
9780190066130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190066109.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In medieval times a metaphysical conception of God was developed from Greek and Islamic ideas. According to this, God is the unchangeable necessary being who is the ultimate cause for everything that ... More


Teleology: A History

Jeffrey K. McDonough

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190845711
eISBN:
9780190845742
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190845711.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Teleology is the belief that some things happen, or exist, for the sake of other things. It is the belief that, for example, eyes are for seeing and gills are for breathing. It is the belief that ... More


Introduction: Jeffrey K. McDonough

Jeffrey K. McDonough

in Teleology: A History

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190845711
eISBN:
9780190845742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190845711.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The core idea of teleology is intuitive enough: some things happen, or exist, for the sake of other things. Cats have claws for the sake of grasping their prey. Birds have wings for the sake of ... More


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