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Exegetical Cultures 1: Aristotelianism

Garth Fowden

in Before and After Muhammad: The First Millennium Refocused

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158532
eISBN:
9781400848164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158532.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines “Aristotelianism” both as an autonomous philosophy and as a common denominator of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The First Millennium was known for its generation of a Greek ... More


Efficient Causation: From Ibn sīnā to Ockham

Kara Richardson

in Efficient Causation: A History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199782185
eISBN:
9780199395583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782185.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Later medieval philosophers typically recognize natural, rational, and divine agents. This generous view of the scope of efficient causality invites several debates about its character. Some of these ... More


Avicenna

Jon McGinnis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The aim of the present work is threefold. One, it intends to place the thought of Avicenna within its proper historical context, whether the philosophical-scientific tradition inherited from the ... More


Avicenna on the Origination of the Human Soul

Seyed N. Mousavian and Seyed Hasan Saadat Mostafavi

in Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy Volume 5

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198806035
eISBN:
9780191843938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198806035.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

According to the common wisdom, among both contemporary scholars and classic interpreters, Avicenna is committed to ‘Co-origination’: The human soul is temporally originated ... More


Teleology: A History

Jeffrey K. McDonough

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190845711
eISBN:
9780190845742
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190845711.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Teleology is the belief that some things happen, or exist, for the sake of other things. It is the belief that, for example, eyes are for seeing and gills are for breathing. It is the belief that ... More


Introduction: Jeffrey K. McDonough

Jeffrey K. McDonough

in Teleology: A History

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190845711
eISBN:
9780190845742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190845711.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The core idea of teleology is intuitive enough: some things happen, or exist, for the sake of other things. Cats have claws for the sake of grasping their prey. Birds have wings for the sake of ... More


Avicenna on Teleology: Final Causation and Goodness: Kara Richardson

Jeffrey K. McDonough

in Teleology: A History

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190845711
eISBN:
9780190845742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190845711.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines Avicenna’s theory of final causation in light of two competing interpretations of Aristotelian teleology. According to the good-centered view, Aristotle’s claim that the end is ... More


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