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The World as a Formula: The Second Way of Knowing

MITROFF IAN I. and LINSTONE HAROLD A.

in The Unbounded Mind: Breaking the Chains of Traditional Business Thinking

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195102888
eISBN:
9780199854943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102888.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter discusses Analysis or mathematical model building as one of the other important and traditional ways of knowing. If the human organism were a simple machine, then the experience of any ... More


The Behaviour of Interest Rates Continued

J. C. R. Dow and I. D. Saville

in A Critique of Monetary Policy: Theory and British Experience

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283195
eISBN:
9780191596186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283199.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This is a continuation of the previous chapter, but focuses on the institutional process at work in a central bank rather than theory. It examines the effects of central‐bank policy on base interest ... More


The IS—LM Cores of Three Econometric Models

R. Jeffery Green, Bert G. Hickman, E. Philip Howrey, Saul H. Hymans, and Michael R. Donihue

in Comparative Performance of U.S. Econometric Models

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195057720
eISBN:
9780199854967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195057720.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter discusses the methodology of IS-LM and AD-AS system reduction and illustrates its application to three U.S. econometric models: the Hickman-Coen (HC) Annual Growth Model, the Indiana ... More


Multiple Realities: The Third Way of Knowing

MITROFF IAN I. and LINSTONE HAROLD A.

in The Unbounded Mind: Breaking the Chains of Traditional Business Thinking

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195102888
eISBN:
9780199854943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102888.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

One of the first systems that mark a transition between the old and new ways of thinking is the Kantian IS. It combines the “model part” of Analysis and the “data part” of Agreement into an ... More


Conflict: The Fourth Way of Knowing

MITROFF IAN I. and LINSTONE HAROLD A.

in The Unbounded Mind: Breaking the Chains of Traditional Business Thinking

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195102888
eISBN:
9780199854943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102888.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

The concept of the Dialectic or the necessity of conflict in analyzing important problems is described in this chapter. It focuses on the use of the Dialectic as a practical decision tool rather than ... More


The Years of High Theory: II

Ernesto Screpanti and Stefano Zamagni

in An Outline of the History of Economic Thought

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199279142
eISBN:
9780191602887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279144.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Deals with the reaction of the Neoclassical School to the criticism levied against it in the inter-war period. Emphasizes the developments of general equilibrium theory and the birth of the new ... More


E-Jihad and Gen-ISIS

Gary R. Bunt

in Hashtag Islam: How Cyber-Islamic Environments Are Transforming Religious Authority

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469643168
eISBN:
9781469643182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643168.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter discusses the emergence of ‘Islamic State’ and their application of social media in order to promote their activities. This was integral to the development of IS, which integrated and ... More


Islamist Terrorism in Europe: A History

Petter Nesser

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190264024
eISBN:
9780190638566
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190264024.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

The book provides a comprehensive account of Islamist terrorism in Europe from 1994 until 2015, and a detailed background for understanding the current and future threat. In contrast to existing ... More


An interface account of word‐order variation in Old High German

Roland Hinterhölzl

in Syntax over Time: Lexical, Morphological, and Information-Structural Interactions

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199687923
eISBN:
9780191767319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687923.003.0018
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The chapter addresses the issue of whether word-order properties can be reduced to interface properties. First, the factors that determine word-order variation in older Germanic are discussed. Then ... More


Monetary Policy and External Shocks in a Semidollarized Economy

Oscar Dancourt

in Macroeconomics and Development: Roberto Frenkel and the Economics of Latin America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231175081
eISBN:
9780231541213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175081.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

the chapter discusses the adequate monetary policy response to management of external shocks that deteriorate the balance of payments and contracts aggregate demand. To this end the author develops ... More


Short-term Behavioural Equations for Developing Countries

Giovanni Andrea Cornia

in The Macroeconomics of Developing Countries: An Intermediate Textbook

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198856672
eISBN:
9780191889851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856672.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the structural difference in family size, structure, location, and preferences, as well as the features of the formal and informal financial markets that determine the access ... More


IS-LM and AS-AD with Behavioural Equations for the Developing Countries

Giovanni Andrea Cornia

in The Macroeconomics of Developing Countries: An Intermediate Textbook

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198856672
eISBN:
9780191889851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856672.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the IS-LM and AS-AD models developed for developing countries, as discussed for the developed countries in Chapter 3. However, while the basic components of such models are ... More


The Progressive Mind and the Islamist Challenge

David Martin Jones

in History's Fools: The Pursuit of Idealism and the Revenge of Politics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197510612
eISBN:
9780197520765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510612.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

At the millennium a progressive consensus influenced and constrained western democratic behaviour. The new consensus transcended conventional party politics. Its more prominent exponents considered ... More


Revolutionary vanguard or agent provocateur: Students and the far left on English university campuses, .1970–90

Jodi Burkett

in Waiting for the Revolution: The British Far Left from 1956

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781526113658
eISBN:
9781526132451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526113658.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The far left were an important force on English University and Polytechnic campuses in the 1970s and 1980s but they did not control or direct student politics. By exploring the debates within the far ... More


The Years of High Theory: II

Ernesto Screpanti and Stefano Zamagni

in An Outline of the History of Economic Thought

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198774556
eISBN:
9780191717383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198774559.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Deals with the reaction of the Neoclassical School to the criticism levied against it in the inter‐war period. Emphasizes the developments of general equilibrium theory and the birth of the new ... More


“Practice Theory”: A Critique

Kjeld Schmidt

in Socio-Informatics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198733249
eISBN:
9780191797736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198733249.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

Areas of research such as Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW), Information Systems (IS), and Human–Computer Interaction (HCI) are interdisciplinary by virtue of their particular research ... More


A Bridge Too Far?: Critical Remarks on the Concept of “Infrastructure” in Computer-Supported Cooperative Work and Information Systems

Charlotte P. Lee and Kjeld Schmidt

in Socio-Informatics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198733249
eISBN:
9780191797736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198733249.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

The study of computing infrastructures has grown significantly due to the rapid proliferation and ubiquity of large-scale IT-based installations. At the same time, recognition has also grown of the ... More


Congenerics: What can be learned about pertussis from pertussis-like disease caused by other Bordetella?

Iain MacArthur and Andrew Preston

in Pertussis: Epidemiology, Immunology, and Evolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198811879
eISBN:
9780191850011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811879.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The evolution of Bordetella pertussis from B. bronchiseptica (or a B. bronchiseptica-like ancestor) occurred primarily through gene loss and genome rearrangement, mediated largely through the ... More


Output, Inflation, and Stabilization

Jean-Pascal Bénassy

in Macroeconomic Theory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780195387711
eISBN:
9780190261405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195387711.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter describes a number of historical models, particularly the most traditional Keynesian models, such as the Keynesian cross, the IS-LM model, and the AD-AS model. These models are primarily ... More


A Heterogeneous Threat (2011–15)

Petter Nesser

in Islamist Terrorism in Europe: A History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190264024
eISBN:
9780190638566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190264024.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Chapter Nine examines jihadi terrorism in Europe in the wake of the Arab Spring and the death of bin Laden. It details a situation where the threat to Europe was becoming increasingly heterogeneous, ... More


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