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The Field Research Survival Guide

Arlene Rubin Stiffman

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195325522
eISBN:
9780199893850
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325522.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This collection of field research narratives from veteran social and behavioral science researchers acknowledges the unpredictability of managing a project, and candidly illustrates real-world ... More


Conclusion: The Imperial IRB

Carl E. Schneider

in The Censor's Hand: The Misregulation of Human-Subject Research

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028912
eISBN:
9780262328784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028912.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

Can the IRB system be reformed? Radical pruning might help. But radically pruned is where the system began. It has steadily taken on new topics and new powers while intensifying its review. This ... More


Ethics and Research Methodology

Peter Lyons and Howard J. Doueck

in The Dissertation: From Beginning to End

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373912
eISBN:
9780199865604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373912.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter describes ethical issues in social research including discussion of the NASW Code of Ethics, Institutional Review Board (IRB) processes, and requirements for the protection of human ... More


The Rule of Law: The Lessons of Due Process

Carl E. Schneider

in The Censor's Hand: The Misregulation of Human-Subject Research

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028912
eISBN:
9780262328784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028912.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

Good decisions come from good law. For government agencies, that means due process: good regulations and good procedures. The IRB regulations address so few issues that IRBs are relegated to ... More


Arbitrary and Capricious Decisions

Carl E. Schneider

in The Censor's Hand: The Misregulation of Human-Subject Research

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028912
eISBN:
9780262328784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028912.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

Much evidence suggests that IRBs make decisions badly. For example, when multiple IRBs review the same research protocols, they treat them inconsistently. The IRB system makes error inevitable. ... More


Child-Centered Inquiry: A Chronicle

Cindy Dell Clark

in In A Younger Voice: Doing Child-Centered Qualitative Research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195376593
eISBN:
9780199865437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376593.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

Child-centered inquiry has been influenced by a variety of sources. A central notion is that children should be studied as social actors in their own right. This idea was especially propelled by the ... More


The coming man

FEARGHAL McGARRY

in Eoin O’Duffy: A Self-Made Hero

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199226672
eISBN:
9780191696268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226672.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the rise of Eoin O'Duffy as a national figure and as a revolutionary in Ireland. It explains that the bitterness and disillusionment provoked by the Anglo-Irish Treaty split and ... More


Cultural Sensitivity and Cultural Disparities: Ethical Dilemmas, Legal Issues, and IRB Requirements

Arlene Rubin Stiffman

in The Field Research Survival Guide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195325522
eISBN:
9780199893850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325522.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter discusses the tension between human subject considerations, basic ethics, cultural approaches to the research process, and researchers' need for objective data. It outlines potential ... More


Human Subjects

Dean O. Smith

in Managing the Research University

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199793259
eISBN:
9780199896813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793259.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

In most developed countries, current standards for the responsible conduct of research with human subjects derive from the Nuremberg Code. It has been amplified in the Belmont Report, which is the ... More


The Misshapen Ideology of the IRB System

Carl E. Schneider

in The Censor's Hand: The Misregulation of Human-Subject Research

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028912
eISBN:
9780262328784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028912.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

Good regulation comes from good guidance. IRBs need a coherent and legible ethics but get three principles – respect for persons, justice, and beneficence. A workable ethics is unachievable because ... More


Navigating the Institutional Review Board (IRB) for Child-Directed Qualitative Research

Cindy Dell Clark

in The Study of Children in Religions: A Methods Handbook

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814776469
eISBN:
9780814777466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814776469.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter provides valuable strategies for writing an Institutional Review Board (IRB) proposal that honors children's rights and satisfies institutional concerns about work with human subjects. ... More


Planning the Individual Clinical Trial

Michael Tansey

in Intelligent Drug Development: Trials and Errors in Clinical Research

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199974580
eISBN:
9780197563335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199974580.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry

All sites should be ready to enroll by the planned study start date. Realistically, this can only be achieved if the process is initiated 52 weeks before ... More


Cost Is No Object

Carl E. Schneider

in The Censor's Hand: The Misregulation of Human-Subject Research

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028912
eISBN:
9780262328784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028912.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

High costs are built into IRB regulation of research. Prior licensing of each study requires searching mountains of innocuous studies to find molehills of baneful ones. The bioethical ethos drives ... More


Censorship in a System of Free Expression

Carl E. Schneider

in The Censor's Hand: The Misregulation of Human-Subject Research

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028912
eISBN:
9780262328784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028912.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

Censors notoriously err, and IRBs are censors. They tell researchers what they may study, how they may structure and conduct inquiries, what they may say to subjects, and how they may report results. ... More


The Thesis Process in Industrial-Organizational Master’s Programs

Kimberly T. Schneider and Morrie Mullins

in Mastering Industrial-Organizational Psychology: Training Issues for Master's Level I-O Psychologists

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190071141
eISBN:
9780197529218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190071141.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter covers the thesis process in industrial-organizational master’s programs. A master’s thesis project can be a key learning opportunity for students. Whether or not they intend to pursue a ... More


Setting the Stage: The Past and Present of Human Subjects Research Regulations

Amy L. Davis and Elisa A. Hurley

in Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027465
eISBN:
9780262320825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027465.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter provides a summary of the major regulatory changes to the Common Rule proposed in the June 2011 Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM), places those changes in historical context, ... More


Subjects, Participants, and Partners: What Are the Implications for Research as the Role of Informed Consent Evolves?

Alexander Morgan Capron

in Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027465
eISBN:
9780262320825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027465.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

Informed consent is usually thought of as the ethical cornerstone of research with human beings yet over the past thirty years a largegap has opened between informed consent as an object of ... More


What's Right about the “Medical Model” in Human Subjects Research Regulation

Heidi Li Feldman

in Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027465
eISBN:
9780262320825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027465.003.0025
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

The basic tenet that guides, and should guide, research on human subjects is the preservation of the autonomy of the subject. Meaningful informed consent operationalizes this tenet, which should ... More


Introduction

Laura Stark

in Behind Closed Doors: IRBs and the Making of Ethical Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226770864
eISBN:
9780226770888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226770888.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this volume which is about the role of institutional review boards (IRBs) in designing the U.S. government rules for the treatment of human subjects ... More


Everyone’s an Expert? Warrants for Expertise

Laura Stark

in Behind Closed Doors: IRBs and the Making of Ethical Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226770864
eISBN:
9780226770888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226770888.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the issue of warrants for expertise based on analysis of actual meeting of an institutional review board (IRB). It suggests that IRB decisions were in part the product of a ... More


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