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E‐Commerce Regulation: New Game, New Rules?

Carlos A. Primo Braga

in A Handbook of International Trade in Services

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199235216
eISBN:
9780191715624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235216.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The rapid expansion of electronic commerce (e-commerce) is impacting economic activities both at the national and international levels. E-commerce is still in its infancy, but it is often identified ... More


Internet Governance by Contract

Lee A. Bygrave

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199687343
eISBN:
9780191767494
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687343.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

The book is concerned with the following issues: (i) what is the role of contract in governance of the Internet; (ii) why does contract play that role; and (iii) what is its utility and legitimacy in ... More


Pornography and Violence

Perry Keller

in European and International Media Law: Liberal Democracy, Trade, and the New Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198268550
eISBN:
9780191728518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268550.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Chapter Twelve concerns restrictions on the publication of sexual and violent content, which are often highly restrictive where democratic arguments for free speech are not directly engaged. This ... More


Rights Protection Against the Operation and Use of New gTLDs by the Registry Operator

Torsten Bettinger, David Taylor, and Seager Jane

in Domain Name Law And Practice: An International Handbook

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199663163
eISBN:
9780191932748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199663163.003.0044
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

The characteristic feature of this dispute mechanism is that it gives trademark holders the opportunity to file a complaint directly against a registry operator responsible for running a gTLD (as ... More


Governing the Internet

Kieron O’Hara

in Four Internets: Data, Geopolitics, and the Governance of Cyberspace

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780197523681
eISBN:
9780197523711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197523681.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter describes some of the controversies around the large US influence on Internet governance, and the attempts by the International Telecommunication Union Working Group on Internet ... More


Networks and States: The Global Politics of Internet Governance

Milton L. Mueller

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014595
eISBN:
9780262289665
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014595.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

When the prevailing governing system divides the planet into mutually exclusive territorial monopolies of force, which institutions can govern the Internet, with its transnational scope, boundless ... More


World Summit on the Information Society: The State-centric View

Milton L. Mueller

in Networks and States: The Global Politics of Internet Governance

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014595
eISBN:
9780262289665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014595.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter describes the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) concept, process, and politics, and also explains why this concept is considered to be at a crucial and critical point in ... More


Privatization and Globalization of the Internet

Roxana Radu

in Negotiating Internet Governance

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198833079
eISBN:
9780191871405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833079.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter delves into the salient role of corporate actors in Internet policymaking during the decade of privatization and globalization of the Internet. Market dynamics drove the development of ... More


Information Freedom and U.S. Foreign Policy: A History

Shawn M. Powers and Michael Jablonski

in The Real Cyber War: The Political Economy of Internet Freedom

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039126
eISBN:
9780252097102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039126.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter traces the history of U.S. information policy, focusing on four illustrative case studies that reveal a consistent pattern of utilizing a narrative of the freedom of information to ... More


The Myth of Multistakeholder Governance

Shawn M. Powers and Michael Jablonski

in The Real Cyber War: The Political Economy of Internet Freedom

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039126
eISBN:
9780252097102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039126.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter examines how multistakeholder institutions reflect dominant political and/or economic interests, arguing that the discourse of multistakeholderism is used to legitimize arrangements ... More


The ICANN-Based Contractual Web

Lee A Bygrave

in Internet Governance by Contract

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199687343
eISBN:
9780191767494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687343.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

The chapter presents the first of two case studies that are aimed at illustrating the complexity and dynamics of contract-based transnational private regulation (TPR). The case study herein concerns ... More


The Internet and Social Media: Euphoria and Repression

Charles Weiss

in The Survival Nexus: Science, Technology, and World Affairs

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780190946265
eISBN:
9780197571941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190946265.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter traces the challenges to the Internet’s founding values of freedom of information, communication, and innovation back to its first years. The issues of security, privacy, and ... More


The Politics and Geopolitics of Internet Governance

Pradip Ninan Thomas

in The Politics of Digital India: Between Local Compulsions and Transnational Pressures

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780199494620
eISBN:
9780199097869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199494620.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

Internet governance (IG) became a global issue after the Snowden revelations that highlighted the fact that there was mass spying by privately owned companies on behalf of the NSA. This chapter deals ... More


E-commerce and the Internet of Money

Ethan Katsh and Orna Rabinovich-Einy

in Digital Justice: Technology and the Internet of Disputes

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190464585
eISBN:
9780190464615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190464585.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

Chapter 3 opens Part II of the book with a focus on e-commerce. E-commerce is the arena in which ODR is most developed and where it has been embraced by public international bodies interested in ... More


Germany (‘.de’)

Torsten Bettinger

in Domain Name Law And Practice: An International Handbook

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199663163
eISBN:
9780191932748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199663163.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Disputes arising under trademark and competition law owing to the registration and use of domain names have become commonplace in German courts. Following a phase of widespread legal uncertainty, ... More


Hong Kong (‘.hk’)

Hong Xue

in Domain Name Law And Practice: An International Handbook

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199663163
eISBN:
9780191932748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199663163.003.0020
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

The current trademark law is the Trademarks Ordinance (TMO, Chapter 559) and the Trademarks Rules (Chapter 559A). The TMO is modeled on the trademark laws of the countries of the European Union, in ... More


India (‘.in’)

Pravin Anand

in Domain Name Law And Practice: An International Handbook

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199663163
eISBN:
9780191932748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199663163.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

The Trade Marks Act 1999 came into force on 15 September 2003. Complying with most of the requirements of the Trade-Related Aspects of the Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement, the new ... More


Israel (‘.il’)

Ellen B Shankman

in Domain Name Law And Practice: An International Handbook

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199663163
eISBN:
9780191932748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199663163.003.0023
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

In Israel, trademarks are governed by both legislation and by common law. Rights are created by the first to file or use within the jurisdiction. Registration is not mandatory to establish rights ... More


Japan (‘.jp’)

Makoto Hattori and Nodoka Nakamura

in Domain Name Law And Practice: An International Handbook

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199663163
eISBN:
9780191932748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199663163.003.0025
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Two types of trademarks are protected under Japanese law: (1) trade and service marks, protected by the Trademark Act and the Unfair Competition Prevention Act1 (hereinafter the UCA); and (2) ... More


Portugal (‘.pt’)

Alexandre L Dias Pereira and Carla Valério

in Domain Name Law And Practice: An International Handbook

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199663163
eISBN:
9780191932748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199663163.003.0030
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

In Portugal, several intellectual property (IP) rights are protected, including both trademarks and logotypes. Personal names, as well as literary and artistic names, company names and names of ... More


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