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Structure and Function of Brain Systems for Conscious and Nonconscious Representation

Cyriel M. A. Pennartz

in The Brain's Representational Power: On Consciousness and the Integration of Modalities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029315
eISBN:
9780262330121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029315.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Given the limitations of current models, this chapter takes us back to the structure and functioning of brain regions themselves, focussing first on on systems considered important for understanding ... More


Neural Circuits Regulating Maternal Behavior: Implications for Understanding the Neural Basis of Social Cooperation and Competition

Michael Numan

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0031
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

What are the neural mechanisms that determine whether an individual cooperates or competes with another member of his or her species? In other words, what neural mechanisms determine whether ... More


Cellular Mechanisms Controlling Rapid Changes in Brain Aromatase Activity

Thierry D. Charlier, Charlotte A. Cornil, Gregory F. Ball, and Jacques Balthazart

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Beside their action at the genomic level, estrogens such as 17β-estradiol (E2) also activate rapid and transient cellular, physiological, and behavioral changes. Aromatase is the key limiting enzyme ... More


Cannabinoids, Body Weight, Feeding, and Appetite

Linda A. Parker

in Cannabinoids and the Brain

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035798
eISBN:
9780262338448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035798.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

The endcoannabinoid system is an important regulator of appetite, food preference and body weight. It not only regulates metabolic feeding related hormones (leptin, ghrelin) in the brain and gut, but ... More


Brain Overview

Dana H. Ballard

in Brain Computation as Hierarchical Abstraction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028615
eISBN:
9780262323819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028615.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

In broad outline the brain’s subsystems can be understood in terms of specific functionality. This chapter introduces these subsystems and provides and overview of how they work together to provide ... More


Perspective—The Origin Of Vertebrate Neural Organization

Thurston Lacalli

in Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199682201
eISBN:
9780191813436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682201.003.0055
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The closest invertebrate relatives of vertebrates have brains that are smaller and organizationally much simpler that those of vertebrates, but there are similarities in basic architecture from which ... More


Other Uses: Psychosis, Pregnancy, and Status Epilepticus

Max Fink MD

in Electroconvulsive Therapy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195365740
eISBN:
9780197562604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195365740.003.0012
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Although ECT was developed as a treatment for schizophrenia, its ease of use, its safety, and the lack of effective treatments for many psychiatric conditions encouraged experimentation with this ... More


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