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Equations Underlying the Axon Models

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Axon models present the fundamental concepts that underlie the generation and propagation of the nerve impulses. This chapter includes a complete list of the equations that describe the ... More


The Art of Literary Biography

John Batchelor (ed.)

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198182894
eISBN:
9780191673917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198182894.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Is literary biography so widely read for popular, ‘prurient’ reasons, or for ‘reputable’ intellectual reasons? Is it of interest only in so far as it illuminates a writer's work? How much can we know ... More


Historical Prelude

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

One of the pioneers in the mathematical and conceptual study of oscillations was Norbert Wiener, whose book Cybernetics first appeared in 1948. The authors review the type of data, experimental ... More


Darwin's Champions

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on champions of Darwin's evolutionary theory, the most prominent being Thomas Henry Huxley in the UK and Ernst Haeckel in Germany. Topics discussed include man's place in nature, ... More


Numerical Simulations of SDEs and SPDEs From Neural Systems Using SDELab

Hasan Alzubaidi, Hagen Gilsing, and Tony Shardlow

in Stochastic Methods in Neuroscience

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199235070
eISBN:
9780191715778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235070.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, Biostatistics

Stochastic differential equations are an important class of models that allow for a time varying random forcing in standard deterministic differential equations. We introduce the Itô stochastic ... More


Mind Beyond the Brain: Reducing Valves and Metaphysics

Paul Marshall

in Mystical Encounters with the Natural World: Experiences and Explanations

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199279432
eISBN:
9780191603440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279438.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Spiritual approaches to mystical experience can be fleshed out with insights from the sciences and philosophy. Two overlapping ways of understanding the consciousness expansions of mystical ... More


The Great Debate

Larry A. Witham

in Where Darwin Meets the Bible: Creationists and Evolutionists in America

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150452
eISBN:
9780199834860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150457.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Legendary public debates over evolution began with Thomas H. Huxley in 1860 and raged through the 1920s and 1970s to the present, featuring debaters such as biologists Kenneth Miller (pro‐evolution) ... More


Justification by Verification: The Scientific Challenge to the Moral Authority of Christianity in Modern America

David A. Hollinger

in After Cloven Tongues of Fire: Protestant Liberalism in Modern American History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158426
eISBN:
9781400845996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158426.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Historians have observed that Victorian, Edwardian, and Progressive intellectuals embraced science with “religious” zeal. This chapter details the distinctly Protestant style and tone of that zeal. A ... More


Basis of the Nerve Impulse

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The rapid conduction of signals by neurons over distances greater than about 1 mm occurs almost exclusively by electrical impulses. This chapter presents the fundamental concepts that underlie the ... More


Explaining the Brain

Carl F. Craver

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199299317
eISBN:
9780191715075
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299317.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

What distinguishes good explanations in neuroscience from bad? This book constructs and defends standards for evaluating neuroscientific explanations that are grounded in a systematic view of what ... More


The Battle of Belief

David Bebbington

in The Mind of Gladstone: Religion, Homer, and Politics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199267651
eISBN:
9780191708220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267651.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Gladstone waged a campaign against infidelity in his later years. He was unwilling to take up the ground of the Roman Catholic Church of intransigent resistance to modern thought, contending instead ... More


The Voltage Clamp

Alan J. McComas

in Galvani’s Spark: The Story of the Nerve Impulse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199751754
eISBN:
9780199897094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751754.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Now in Chicago, Kenneth Cole employs a negative feedback circuit, devised by a colleague, to clamp the voltage across the membrane of the squid giant axon. He shows that during the action potential ... More


Muscle: The New Physiology

Alan J. McComas

in Galvani’s Spark: The Story of the Nerve Impulse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199751754
eISBN:
9780199897094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751754.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Hodgkin and Huxley turn their attention to muscle. Hodgkin measures the membrane and action potentials of the fibres with glass microelectrodes, while Huxley is interested in the nature of the ... More


Approaches to Unitive Consciousness

William A. Richards and G. William Barnard

in Sacred Knowledge: Psychedelics and Religious Experiences

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231174060
eISBN:
9780231540919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174060.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

Internal Unity and External Unity


Ameritopias: Transatlantic Fictions of England's Future

Genevieve Abravanel

in Americanizing Britain: The Rise of Modernism in the Age of the Entertainment Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199754458
eISBN:
9780199933143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754458.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism, World Literature

In the early twentieth century, the United States excited a range of utopian and dystopian energies in Britain. Authors who might ordinarily seem to have little in common—Rudyard Kipling, H.G. Wells, ... More


The Entertainment Empire: Britain's Hollywood between the Wars

Genevieve Abravanel

in Americanizing Britain: The Rise of Modernism in the Age of the Entertainment Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199754458
eISBN:
9780199933143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754458.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism, World Literature

In the period shortly after the First World War, the vast majority of films viewed in Britain and its Empire came from America. This worrisome state of affairs led some British politicians, cultural ... More


AUGUST MENCKEN & BRO.

Marion Elizabeth Rodgers

in Mencken: The American Iconoclast

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195072389
eISBN:
9780199787982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072389.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter chronicles Mencken's rebellion against his father; he plot to his escape from working at the family cigar factory to become a newspaperman. Unable to do so, Mencken retreats into the ... More


The Coterie as Commodity: Huxley, Lawrence, Rhys, and the Business of Revenge

Sean Latham

in The Art of Scandal: Modernism, Libel Law, and the Roman à Clef

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195379990
eISBN:
9780199869053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379990.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

The continuing expansion of the mass media in the 20th century, and particularly the emergence of mass-mediated celebrity culture, meant that an ever-growing audience imagined they had access to even ... More


Richard Arthur Wollheim 1923–2003

Malcolm Budd

in Proceedings of the British Academy Volume 130, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, IV

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263501
eISBN:
9780191734212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263501.003.0011
Subject:
History, Historiography

Richard Arthur Wollheim (1923–2003), a Fellow of the British Academy, was an advocate of pacifism. Born in London to Eric Wollheim and Constance Baker, he went to Westminster School as a King’s ... More


History, Biography, Autobiography

Paul Turner

in Victorian Poetry, Drama and Miscellaneous Prose 1832–1890

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122395
eISBN:
9780191671401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122395.003.0016
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter explores several author’s history, biography, and autobiography. Authors’ lives are apt to be dull, and those who turn author only to tell the story of their lives are unlikely to write ... More


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