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Introduction

Kathryn M. de Luna

in Collecting Food, Cultivating People: Subsistence and Society in Central Africa

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300218534
eISBN:
9780300225167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300218534.003.0001
Subject:
History, African History

This chapter explores the history of subsistence categories like “farmer”, “hunter-gatherer”, and “pastoralist” in Western intellectual thought. It argues that such subsistence categories have been ... More


Are You Better Off Now Than You Were 12,000 Years Ago? An Empirical Assessment of the Hobbesian Hypothesis

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter empirically investigates “the Hobbesian hypothesis” (the claim that everyone is better off in a state society with a private property system than they could reasonably expect to be in ... More


Making the Invisible Visible: Designing Technology for Nonliterate Hunter-Gatherers

Jerome Lewis

in Subversion, Conversion, Development: Cross-Cultural Knowledge Exchange and the Politics of Design

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027168
eISBN:
9780262322492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027168.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

Hunter-gatherer land-use in the Congo Basin leaves few traces. One consequence is that their presence is invisible on maps and ignored in land-use planning decisions over the areas they inhabit. ... More


Nasty and Brutish? an Empirical Assessment of the Violence Hypothesis

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter empirically investigates two hypotheses often used to support the claim that virtually everyone is better off in state society than they could reasonably expect to be in any stateless ... More


Hunters and Gatherers

Ian Armit

in The Archaeology of Skye and the Western Isles

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748608584
eISBN:
9780748670710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748608584.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter addresses the question of the human colonisation of the Hebrides. It outlines what is known of Mesolithic societies in the region and details the key site of Kinloch on Rhum.


Observations about the Historical Ecology of Small-Scale Societies

Tristram R. Kidder

in The Archaeology and Historical Ecology of Small Scale Economies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780813042428
eISBN:
9780813043074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813042428.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter explores the concept embedded in historical ecology that humans are part of what we often define as nature and not apart from it. Four observations are considered: first, small-scale ... More


The Hobbesian Hypothesis in Anthropology

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explores how Hobbesian ideas affected the development of anthropology and how “the Hobbesian hypotheses” (the claim that everyone is better off in a state society with a private property ... More


Sea Ice, Seals, and Settlement: On Climate and Culture in Newfoundland and Labrador

Christopher B. Wolff, Donald H. Holly Jr., and Victor D. Thompson

Leslie Reeder-Myers, John A. Turck, and Torben C. Rick (eds)

in The Archaeology of Human-Environmental Dynamics on the North American Atlantic Coast

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780813066134
eISBN:
9780813058344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813066134.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The cultural history of Newfoundland and Labrador is linked with the sea. The European occupation of this subarctic region was dependent on the abundance of Atlantic cod and other marine resources, ... More


Ethnographic Examples of Insect Foraging

Julie J. Lesnik

in Edible Insects and Human Evolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780813056999
eISBN:
9780813053776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056999.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Ethnographic examples of entomophagy focus on populations of interest to human behavioral ecologists such that the environment plays a major role in food availability and ultimately reproduction and ... More


Edible Insects and Human Evolution

Julie J. Lesnik

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780813056999
eISBN:
9780813053776
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056999.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

In Edible Insects and Human Evolution, Julie Lesnik investigates insects in the human diet from an evolutionary perspective. In May of 2013, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization ... More


Climate Change, Human Impacts on the Landscape, and Subsistence Specialization: Historical Ecology and Changes in Jomon Hunter-Gatherer Lifeways

Junko Habu and Mark E. Hall

in The Archaeology and Historical Ecology of Small Scale Economies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780813042428
eISBN:
9780813043074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813042428.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Data from the Jomon period (ca. 16,000–2,500 cal. B.P.) of the Japanese archipelago offer a unique opportunity to examine both short- and long-term changes in human-environment interaction. ... More


Gathering for Nine Millennia along the Atlantic Coast and St. Johns River of Northeast Florida

Asa R. Randall and Victor D. Thompson

Leslie Reeder-Myers, John A. Turck, and Torben C. Rick (eds)

in The Archaeology of Human-Environmental Dynamics on the North American Atlantic Coast

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780813066134
eISBN:
9780813058344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813066134.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Northeast Florida’s wide variety of freshwater and marine biomes supported a diverse array of hunter-gatherer communities over the course of 9000 years. This chapter synthesizes the available ... More


Intra-Site Spatial Analysis

I. Randolph Daniel and Michael Wisenbaker

in Harney Flats: A Florida Paleoindian Site

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781683400226
eISBN:
9781683400950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683400226.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter describes attempts to elucidate the internal site structure of the Suwannee-Bolen component at Harney Flats which was a major goal of the project. SYMAPS of the flake distributions and ... More


Skilful Engagement and the ‘Effort after Value’: An Axiological Theory of the Origins of Religion

Nathaniel F. Barrett

in Evolution, Religion, and Cognitive Science: Critical and Constructive Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688081
eISBN:
9780191767722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688081.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

Cognitive-evolutionary theories of religion have so far paid little attention to the value that religious practices add to life, focusing instead on the verbally expressed content of religious ... More


Studying Subsistence in Sitka

George Gmelch and Sharon Bohn Gmelch

in In the Field: Life and Work in Cultural Anthropology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520289611
eISBN:
9780520964211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520289611.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

The aim of this applied research, conducted for Alaska’s Department of Fish and Game, is to examine how residents, both Native and non-Native, of an “urban” Alaskan community harvest and use wild ... More


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