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Slaves of the Passions

Mark Schroeder

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199299508
eISBN:
9780191714917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299508.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Long claimed to be the ‘dominant conception of practical reason’, the Humean theory that reasons for action are instrumental, or explained by desires, is the basis for a range of worries about the ... More


Kinds of Reasons: An Essay in the Philosophy of Action

Maria Alvarez

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550005
eISBN:
9780191720239
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550005.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Understanding human beings and their distinctive rational and volitional capacities is one of the central tasks of philosophy. The task requires a clear account of such things as reasons, desires, ... More


The Law-Governed Universe

John T. Roberts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book articulates and defends a new philosophical account of laws of nature. According to this account, lawhood is a meta‐theoretic notion: the primary concept is that of a law of a particular ... More


Conclusion

Walter Ott

in Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.003.0029
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter returns to one of the questions with which this book began: Why does the conception of causal necessity as logical necessity so outlive the notion of powers on which it was based? The ... More


Hume's Politics: Coordination and Crisis in the History of England

Andrew Sabl

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134208
eISBN:
9781400845521
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134208.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book provides a comprehensive examination of David Hume's political theory, and is the first book to focus on Hume's monumental History of England as the key to his distinctly political ideas. ... More


Categoricalism

Alexander Bird

in Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199227013
eISBN:
9780191711121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227013.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Categoricalism is the view that all fundamental natural properties are categorical — they have no nomic or causal essences. Categoricalism is explored as a conception of properties and as a basis for ... More


The Whole Ball of Wax

Tim Maudlin

in The Metaphysics Within Physics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199218219
eISBN:
9780191711596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218219.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the commonality in the preceding chapters. It is argued that the non-Humean package is an alternative account that runs into no logical, methodological, and or scientific ... More


Beyond Humean and non‐Humean

John T. Roberts

in The Law-Governed Universe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Much of the recent literature on laws of nature is about the dispute between Humean and Non‐Humean accounts of laws. The MAL does not fit easily in either camp. Like Humean views, it is ontologically ... More


Reasons and the Humean Theory

Mark Schroeder

in Slaves of the Passions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199299508
eISBN:
9780191714917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299508.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces the Humean Theory of Reasons by reference to the case of Ronnie, who likes to dance, and Bradley, who can't stand dancing. Given this difference in their psychologies, Ronnie ... More


Preference Noncognitivism

Joseph Heath

in Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

There is often thought to be an asymmetry between belief and desire, such that belief is more rational than desire, or possessed of cognitive content that desire lacks. In this chapter, it is argued ... More


The Explanation of Action

Maria Alvarez

in Kinds of Reasons: An Essay in the Philosophy of Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550005
eISBN:
9780191720239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550005.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The final chapter is devoted to the explanation of action. It is noted that explanations of action can be as varied as the facts that explain why someone acted. A variety of explanations and the ... More


Epistemological Objections to Materialism 1

Robert C. Koons

in The Waning of Materialism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556182
eISBN:
9780191721014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556182.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that materialism is vulnerable to two kinds of epistemological objections: transcendental arguments, that show that materialism is incompatible with the very possibility of ... More


Nature's Challenge to Free Will

Bernard Berofsky

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199640010
eISBN:
9780191738197
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640010.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Hardly any attempt to come to grips with the classical problem of free will and determinism directly addresses the metaphysical vision driving the concerns of those who believe that a significant ... More


Recombination, Causal Constraints, and Humean Supervenience: An Argument for Temporal Parts?

John Hawthorne

in Metaphysical Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199291236
eISBN:
9780191710612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291236.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to the doctrine of four-dimensionalism, our world and everything in it consists of stages or temporal parts; moreover, where an object exists at various times, it does so, according to the ... More


Introduction

Bernard Berofsky

in Nature's Challenge to Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199640010
eISBN:
9780191738197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640010.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

The classical problem of free will and determinism is a metaphysical problem that cannot, therefore, be solved through analyses of moral or evaluative notions like responsibility and agency. It is ... More


The Regularity Theory I: Humean Supervenience

Bernard Berofsky

in Nature's Challenge to Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199640010
eISBN:
9780191738197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640010.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

A central tenet of the regularity theory is the doctrine of Humean supervenience (HS), the view that two worlds that are identical in their nonnomic facts must be identical in their laws. John ... More


The Central Argument of the Analytic (I): The Transcendental Deduction

Georges Dicker

in Kant's Theory of Knowledge: An Analytical Introduction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195153064
eISBN:
9780199835027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153065.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter introduces the Transcendental Deduction as an attempt to refute the Humean view of experience by validating the categories of substance and cause. It reconstructs the first edition ... More


Must a Physicalist be a Microphysicalist? *

David Papineau

in Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199211531
eISBN:
9780191705977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211531.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter challenges the entailment from physicalism to microphysicalism — the view that all facts metaphysically supervene on the microphysical facts. It observes that physicalists can avoid ... More


Is Connectivity Entailed by the Physical?

Gregg Rosenberg

in A Place for Consciousness: Probing the Deep Structure of the Natural World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195168143
eISBN:
9780199850075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168143.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A causal realist who accepts the Theory of Causal Significance accepts the existence of a fundamental kind of individual, the natural individual, which in reality is a completed receptive connection. ... More


Philosophical Papers Volume II

David Lewis

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195036466
eISBN:
9780199833399
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195036468.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

A collection of 13 papers by David Lewis, written on a variety of topics including causation, counterfactuals and indicative conditionals, the direction of time, subjective and objective probability, ... More


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