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“Depending on the Success or Good-Will of the Natives”

Joshua L. Reid

in The Sea Is My Country: The Maritime World of the Makahs

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300209907
eISBN:
9780300213683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209907.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

As the maritime fur trade shifted its focus farther north along the Northwest Coast during the early nineteenth century, Makah men used whaling to engage the Hudson’s Bay Company (HBC), a new ... More


Competition among Traders in Western Arctic Canada

John R. Bockstoce

in White Fox and Icy Seas in the Western Arctic: The Fur Trade, Transportation, and Change in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780300221794
eISBN:
9780300235166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300221794.003.0007
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter depicts the growth and development of the fur trade during the 1920s in Western Arctic Canada: its swift eastward expansion (as far as King William Island), and the rivalries that ... More


The Fort and the Village: Landscape and Identity in the Colonial Period of Fort Vancouver

Douglas C. Wilson

in British Forts and Their Communities: Archaeological and Historical Perspectives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813056753
eISBN:
9780813053646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056753.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Fort Vancouver, located in southwestern Washington (USA), was the administrative headquarters and supply depot for the Hudson’s Bay Company (HBC) in the Pacific Northwest, essentially its colonial ... More


Contractor of Empire

Ilya Vinkovetsky

in Russian America: An Overseas Colony of a Continental Empire, 1804-1867

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195391282
eISBN:
9780199894369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391282.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter outlines and analyzes the structure, function, and goals of the Russian-American Company (RAC) as a business venture, an imperial factor, and a colonial administration. It focuses on ... More


Treasures of the Forest, the Field and the Mine

Jenni Calder

in Lost in the Backwoods: Scots and the North American Wilderness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780748647392
eISBN:
9780748689279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748647392.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

Exploration was the vanguard of commercial development with economic imperatives impelling the opening up of the frontier. The huge influx of immigrants in the nineteenth century put pressure on land ... More


British Designs on the Spanish Empire, 1713–1748

Paul W. Mapp

in The Elusive West and the Contest for Empire, 1713-1763

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833957
eISBN:
9781469600987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9780807833957.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter argues that La Verendrye and his compatriots were not alone in their search for a water route to the west, nor was a great river the only form such a passage might take. In 1731—a year ... More


Toward Monopoly Control in Western Arctic Canada

John R. Bockstoce

in White Fox and Icy Seas in the Western Arctic: The Fur Trade, Transportation, and Change in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780300221794
eISBN:
9780300235166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300221794.003.0010
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter delineates the Hudson’s Bay Company’s efforts to achieve monopoly control of the fur trade and the efforts of Captain C. T. Pedersen to prevent the HBC from achieving it.


Tracing the Fur Trade: British Fort Sites along the Columbia River

Robert J. Cromwell

in British Forts and Their Communities: Archaeological and Historical Perspectives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813056753
eISBN:
9780813053646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056753.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The origins of historical archaeology in the Pacific Northwest of North America in the mid-twentieth century concentrated on the excavations of British terrestrial fur trade forts, but little ... More


The Creation of the Dominion of Canada, 1860–1901

Phillip Buckner

in Canada and the British Empire

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199563746
eISBN:
9780191701900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563746.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter examines the historical background related to the creation of the Dominion of Canada during the period from 1860 to 1901. During this period the scattered British North American colonies ... More


Revolution and Civil War on the Chukchi Peninsula

John R. Bockstoce

in White Fox and Icy Seas in the Western Arctic: The Fur Trade, Transportation, and Change in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780300221794
eISBN:
9780300235166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300221794.003.0005
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter describes the chaos and disruptions that overtook the Chukchi and Yupik peoples during the Russian Civil War, which culminated with the Soviet takeover of the peninsula in 1923 and was ... More


Empire of Order

Ryan Tucker Jones

in Empire of Extinction: Russians and the North Pacific's Strange Beasts of the Sea, 1741-1867

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199343416
eISBN:
9780199373819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199343416.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Cultural History

Beginning in 1802, the Russian Empire began implementing measures for conserving fur seal populations in the North Pacific. The first attempts at conservation resulted from the critiques of ... More


Menageries and Bearskin Caps: Experiencing North American Bears in Postmedieval Britain

Hannah J. O’Regan

in Bears: Archaeological and Ethnohistorical Perspectives in Native Eastern North America

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781683401384
eISBN:
9781683401742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683401384.003.0012
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

North American bears have had cultural significance outside the United States. This chapter explores the role of black, brown, and polar bears in Britain, focusing on the period following the ... More


Valley of the Willamette

Peter A. Kopp

in Hoptopia: A World of Agriculture and Beer in Oregon's Willamette Valley

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520277472
eISBN:
9780520965058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277472.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter begins with an explanation of the geology, climate, ecosystems, and first peoples of Oregon’s Willamette Valley after the last ice age. It then explains how those factors contributed to ... More


Strangers on the Land

Ryan Hall

in Beneath the Backbone of the World: Blackfoot People and the North American Borderlands, 1720-1877

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469655154
eISBN:
9781469655178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655154.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter describes the period from 1781 until 1806. Following a devastating smallpox epidemic in 1781, the Blackfoot established direct trade with non-Native people for the first time, ... More


A Vital Experimental Religion: The Methodist Mission Colony of Lower Oregon, 1834–1844

Gray H. Whaley

in Oregon and the Collapse of Illahee: U.S. Empire and the Transformation of an Indigenous World, 1792-1859

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833674
eISBN:
9781469603971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898314_whaley.8
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

This chapter, which discusses the Methodists' mission led by Rev. Jason Lee to bring salvation to the Native people and the diverse population of fur-trade colonials in 1834, observes that malaria ... More


Between Empires

Ryan Hall

in Beneath the Backbone of the World: Blackfoot People and the North American Borderlands, 1720-1877

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469655154
eISBN:
9781469655178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655154.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

In 1821, the Hudson’s Bay Company and North West Company merged, robbing Native people like the Blackfoot of trade leverage by forcing them to trade with only one partner. At the same time, American ... More


“The Most Terrible Jaws Afloat”

Jason M. Colby

in Orca: How We Came to Know and Love the Ocean's Greatest Predator

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190673093
eISBN:
9780197559789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190673093.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Conservation of the Environment

Gaius plinius secundus had witnessed a lot of violence in his life—war in Germania, Sicilian raids, Nero’s reign of terror—but killer whales really seemed to scare him. Known to history as Pliny the ... More


Green Setting Feather’s World

Keith Richotte Jr.

in Claiming Turtle Mountain's Constitution: The History, Legacy, and Future of a Tribal Nation's Founding Documents

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469634517
eISBN:
9781469634531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634517.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter one describes the parent groups of the Turtle Mountain Band – the Plains Ojibwe and the Métis – and the often cooperative, sometimes contentious nature of their relationship. Beginning in ... More


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