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Through a Glass, Darkly: The NLRB, Employer Counteroffensives, Investigative Committees, and the CIO

Dolores E. Janiewski

in Against Labor: How U.S. Employers Organized to Defeat Union Activism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040818
eISBN:
9780252099311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040818.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

Dolores Janiewski illustrates that organized employers continued to struggle against labor and the left, broadly defined, during the 1930s, a high-time for the labor movement. This was a time when ... More


The Doctor: Edward Barsky

Phillip Deery

in Red Apple: Communism and McCarthyism in Cold War New York

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780823253685
eISBN:
9780823261246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823253685.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the political persecution of a prominent New York doctor, Edward Barsky, during his encounter with McCarthyism. Because of his refusal to surrender to the House Committee on ... More


The 1947 Hearings of the Committee on Un-American Activities

Larry Ceplair and Christopher Trumbo

in Dalton Trumbo: Blacklisted Hollywood Radical

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780813146805
eISBN:
9780813154770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813146805.003.0009
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

As part of Congress’s Cold War strategy, members of the House Committee on Un-American Activities launched a full-scale investigation of Communist infiltration of the motion picture industry. ... More


The Musical Is the Message

Jim Lovensheimer

in South Pacific: Paradise Rewritten

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195377026
eISBN:
9780199864560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377026.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Popular, History, American

Rodgers and Hammerstein brought liberal sensibilities to work and life from the 1930s through the late 1940s. Although Rodgers was perceived as less political than Hammerstein, the 1932 film The ... More


The Fall of United Klans

David Cunningham

in Klansville, U.S.A.: The Rise and Fall of the Civil Rights-Era Ku Klux Klan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199752027
eISBN:
9780199979431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199752027.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

The KKK's rapid rise in North Carolina in 1964 and 1965 was followed by an equally spectacular decline in the latter half of the decade. This chapter describes and explains the Carolina Klan's fall. ... More


Modjeska M. Simkins: December 15, 1960, Bill of Rights Dinner, Washington, D.C.

Davis W. Houck and David E. Dixon

in Women and the Civil Rights Movement, 1954-1965

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604731071
eISBN:
9781604737608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604731071.003.0017
Subject:
History, African-American History

Born on December 5, 1899, in Columbia, South Carolina, Mary Modjeska Monteith Simkins was one of the organizers to work on the Clarendon County component of the 1954 Supreme Court case Brown v. Board ... More


Juno (1957–1959)

Howard Pollack

in Marc Blitzstein: His Life, His Work, His World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199791590
eISBN:
9780199949625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791590.003.0022
Subject:
Music, History, American, Popular

This chapter discusses Blitzstein’s testimony before an executive session held by the House Committee on Un-American Activities in 1958, and his last completed dramatic work, Juno, a musical ... More


Communist Infiltration

James E. Moliterno

in The American Legal Profession in Crisis: Resistance and Responses to Change

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199917631
eISBN:
9780199332847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917631.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics, Legal History

This chapter examines the crisis brought about by the American legal profession's efforts to resist the infiltration of communism and communists. The legal profession became as inflamed with a fear ... More


The Communist TA: Edward Yellin

Michael V. Metz

in Radicals in the Heartland: The 1960s Student Protest Movement at the University of Illinois

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780252042416
eISBN:
9780252051258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042416.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

Yellin was a youthful member of the Communist Party prior to his enrollment at Illinois as an engineering graduate student and recipient of a paid university fellowship. When he was found guilty of ... More


Inquisition

Gerald Horne

in The Final Victim of the Blacklist: John Howard Lawson, Dean of the Hollywood Ten

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520243729
eISBN:
9780520939936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520243729.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

John Howard Lawson was dragged forcibly from the witness chair during his stormy testimony in Washington during the fall of 1947. As during state legislative hearings Lawson denied his Communist ... More


Strife and Strikes

Gerald Horne

in Fighting in Paradise: Labor Unions, Racism, and Communists in the Making of Modern Hawaii

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824835026
eISBN:
9780824870294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824835026.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter discusses events following the arrival of the House Un-American Activities Committee in Honolulu in April 1950. The tumultuous hearings they held concerned explicitly “Communist ... More


Television: More Stunt Work—If You Can Get It

Mollie Gregory

in Stuntwomen: The Untold Hollywood Story

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166223
eISBN:
9780813166759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166223.003.0004
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

During this period, congressional hearings were held about communist influences in Hollywood, studios lost control of theater chains (the Paramount Decree), and they lost some of their audiences to ... More


Epilogue: Freedom Dreams: The Last Generation

Catherine A. Stewart

in Long Past Slavery: Representing Race in the Federal Writers' Project

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469626260
eISBN:
9781469628295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626260.003.0010
Subject:
History, African-American History

The concluding chapter offers a powerful summary of the ex-slaves’ relationship to history and also looks at what happened to the central figures involved with the Federal Writers’ Project, including ... More


“Then Came the Conversion,” 1947–1949

Gregory S. Taylor

in The Life and Lies of Paul Crouch: Communist, Opportunist, Cold War Snitch

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049205
eISBN:
9780813050072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049205.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

With the onset of the Cold War and the Second Red Scare, Crouch saw an opportunity to earn money by testifying against his former comrades. He did so before the House Committee on Un-American ... More


1948–1952

Patrick McGilligan

in Fritz Lang: The Nature of the Beast

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816676552
eISBN:
9781452948942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816676552.003.0018
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter details events in Fritz Lang’s life from 1948 to 1952. Lang became one of the German emigres who experienced a disturbing sense of deja vu when comparing Germany in 1933 with the ... More


The Showcase African American: Paul Robeson, Jackie Robinson, and the Politics of Cold War Prosperity and Repression

Damion L. Thomas

in Globetrotting: African American Athletes and Cold War Politics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037177
eISBN:
9780252094293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037177.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter argues that the integration of baseball had a direct relationship with a core American foreign policy objective: manipulating international perception of American race relations. Hence, ... More


“An Unwanted Guest in America,” 1953–1961

Robert W. Cherny

in Victor Arnautoff and the Politics of Art

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040788
eISBN:
9780252099243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040788.003.0010
Subject:
Art, Art History

Arnautoff became more isolated in the 1950s. In 1955, he made national news when he was asked to remove a cartoon criticizing McCarthyism from an art show. The event brought a subpoena from the ... More


The Coming of the Warren Court, the Emspak Trilogy, and Brown’s Consequences: (October Terms 1953 and 1954)

Robert M. Lichtman

in The Supreme Court and McCarthy-Era Repression: One Hundred Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037009
eISBN:
9780252094125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037009.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the U.S. Supreme Court’s decisions during its October 1953 and 1954 terms. In the 1953 term, the Court issued signed decisions in only two “Communist” cases. Both were decided ... More


A Confounding Political Life

Michael Sragow

in Victor Fleming: An American Movie Master

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780813144412
eISBN:
9780813145235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813144412.003.0028
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Throughout his life, Fleming was hard to categorize as either Democrat or Republican. However, when he had opinions, they tended to be very strong, including his intense dislike of Communism. For ... More


In a Changing America

Joseph P. Ansell

in Arthur Szyk: Artist, Jew, Pole

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774945
eISBN:
9781789623314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774945.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter encompasses Arthur Szyk's final years. It shows his continued dedication to freedom struggles around the world even as it contemplates on the dwindling number of exhibitions he held ... More


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