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From workhouses to hospitals

Donnacha Seán Lucey

in The End of the Irish Poor Law?: Welfare and healthcare reform in revolutionary and independent Ireland

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719087578
eISBN:
9781526104014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719087578.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

It examines attempts by the newly independent Irish Free State to reform and de-stigmatise medical relief in former workhouse infirmaries. Such reforms were designed to move away from nineteenth ... More


Sickness, medical welfare and the English poor, 1750-1834

Steven King

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526129000
eISBN:
9781526138859
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526129000.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book explores the welfare experiences of the sick poor between the 1750s and through the so-called crisis of the Old Poor Law ending in the 1830s. It brings together a large dataset of accounts, ... More


Hospitals and Charity: Religious Culture and Civic Life in Medieval Northern Italy

Sally Mayall Brasher

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781526119285
eISBN:
9781526128393
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526119285.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Medieval hospitals in Italy, originally intended to house pilgrims and comfort the dying, evolved from religious institutions reflecting communal and personal piety to civic facilities intended to ... More


Curing Madness?: A Social and Cultural History of Insanity in Colonial North India, 1800-1950s

Shilpi Rajpal

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190128012
eISBN:
9780190993337
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190128012.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History, Social History

Curing Madness? focuses on the institutional and non-institutional histories of madness in colonial north India. ‘Madness’ and ‘cure’ are explored as shifting categories which travelled across ... More


The Government and the Private Market in Health Care

Robert I. Field

in Mother of Invention: How the Government Created "Free-Market" Health Care

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199746750
eISBN:
9780199354528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746750.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The American health care system, which appears on its surface as a predominantly private endeavour, actually rests on a foundation of government support. Itreflects a huge public-private partnership ... More


How the Government Created the Hospital Industry

Robert I. Field

in Mother of Invention: How the Government Created "Free-Market" Health Care

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199746750
eISBN:
9780199354528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746750.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

When hospitals emerged as centers of technologically based care in the mid-twentieth century, public access was uneven. In response, the federal government poured billions of dollars into hospital ... More


Changes in nursing and mission in post-colonial Nigeria

Barbra Mann Wall

in Colonial Caring: A history of colonial and post-colonial nursing

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719099700
eISBN:
9781526104397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099700.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter analyses shifting dynamics within medical missionary work in Nigeria, from support for British colonialism to humanitarianism. It explores Irish Catholic missionaries as nurses, midwives ... More


“Such an Asylum of Wretchedness”: Anti–Slave Trade Reception Centers, Hospitals, and Cemeteries

Manuel Barcia

in The Yellow Demon of Fever: Fighting Disease in the Nineteenth-Century Transatlantic Slave Trade

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780300215854
eISBN:
9780300252019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300215854.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Creating safe havens for the Africans seized on board slave ships was from early on a necessity for all those involved in putting into practice abolitionist policies throughout the Atlantic. This ... More


Beyond the Kirk Session: Mixed Economies of Relief

John McCallum

in Poor Relief and the Church in Scotland, 1560-1650

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474427272
eISBN:
9781474453929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474427272.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

While the focus in the previous two sections is on the formal relief system operated by the church in the localities, on the poor who received relief, and on the relationship between them, the final ... More


Navigating the Maze

Leonard A. Jason

in Principles of Social Change

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841851
eISBN:
9780199315901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841851.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In Chapter 3, I provide an overview of the complex network of health care systems, and why working with community-based coalitions is critical. This is our next principle for social change: the ... More


The Varieties of Hospital Experience

Muriel R. Gillick M.D.

in Old and Sick in America: The Journey through the Health Care System

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635248
eISBN:
9781469635255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635248.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine and Older People

American hospitals come in a variety of flavors: teaching and non-teaching, for profit and not-for-profit, large and small, government and private, urban and rural. While the patient’s experience ... More


Veterans' Policies, Veterans' Politics: New Perspectives on Veterans in the Modern United States

Stephen R. Ortiz (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780813042077
eISBN:
9780813043456
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813042077.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This anthology compiles some of the best new work on the formation and impact of veterans’ policy, the politics of veterans’ issues, and veterans’ political engagement over the course of the ... More


Lunacy and the Colonial State

Shilpi Rajpal

in Curing Madness?: A Social and Cultural History of Insanity in Colonial North India, 1800-1950s

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190128012
eISBN:
9780190993337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190128012.003.0002
Subject:
History, Indian History, Social History

This chapter examines the variegated processes of professionalization, modernization, and Indianization along with the obstacles that colonialism created in their paths. These processes which began ... More


Popularizing the Work at Ellis Island

Richardson John T. E.

in Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231141680
eISBN:
9780231512114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231141680.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the performance tests developed by Howard Andrew Knox and his colleagues and administered to mentally deficient emigrants at Ellis Island in New York, and how they brought ... More


Women's experiences of Irish medical education

Laura Kelly

in Irish Women in Medicine, c. 1880s-1920s: Origins, Education and Careers

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780719088353
eISBN:
9781781704622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088353.003.0005
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter argues that the authorities of Irish medical schools and hospitals possessed a distinctive attitude towards their women medical students, with women and men being educated together for ... More


McCrea Joins the Army of the Potomac

Brian R. McEnany

in For Brotherhood and Duty: The Civil War History of the West Point Class of 1862

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780813160627
eISBN:
9780813165479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160627.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

After graduation, Tully McCrea travels to Washington and finds he cannot get orders until Congress approves the promotion of him and his classmates as second lieutenants. Almost a month later, an ... More


Institutions and the sick poor

Steven King

in Sickness, medical welfare and the English poor, 1750-1834

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526129000
eISBN:
9781526138859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526129000.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter shows that the workhouse was the single biggest category of institutional engagement by parish officers. In turn, most workhouse inmates were sick. Yet the workhouse played a variable ... More


Robert de Courson and the Northern Reformers

Sethina Watson

in On Hospitals: Welfare, Law, and Christianity in Western Europe, 400-1320

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198847533
eISBN:
9780191882210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198847533.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

This chapter, the first study of hospital reform under papal legate Robert de Courson, offers a new picture of the legation in preparation for Lateran IV. Courson’s hospital decree is well-known from ... More


Depression, survival and assistance, 1931–5

Gavin Wilk

in Transatlantic defiance: The militant Irish republican movement in America, 1923-45

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719091667
eISBN:
9781781707722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091667.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

As the economic difficulties associated with the Great Depression affected American communities, IRA veterans who had settled across the US over the previous decade were now suddenly challenged with ... More


Landscapes

Pablo F. Gómez

in Experiential Caribbean: Creating Knowledge and Healing in the Early Modern Atlantic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469630878
eISBN:
9781469630892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630878.003.0003
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter describes the sanitary conditions of the seventeenth-century Caribbean, the diversity of ideas about illnesses, spaces for healing and diseasing, and the multitude of practitioners who ... More


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