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A Tale of Two Egypts

Steven A. Cook

in The Struggle for Egypt: From Nasser to Tahrir Square

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199795260
eISBN:
9780190252564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199795260.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter details events following the assassination of President Anwar Sadat in October 1981. The assassination did not throw the country into chaos nor produce prolonged instability. The ... More


Regional Leadership: Balancing off Costs and Dividends in the Foreign Policy of Egypt

Bahgat Korany and Ali E. Hillal Dessouki

in The Foreign Policies of Arab States: The Challenge of Globalization

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774163609
eISBN:
9781617970375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774163609.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Egyptian foreign policy under Hosni Mubarak has been characterized by stability, moderation, and predictability. With the exception of participation in the international coalition for the liberation ... More


Uprising

Steven A. Cook

in The Struggle for Egypt: From Nasser to Tahrir Square

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199795260
eISBN:
9780190252564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199795260.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter details the events leading up to the uprising of January 25, 2011. It describes the collapse of Hosni Mubarak's rule and considers its impact on US-Egypt relations. It concludes that ... More


The transition towards revolution in Egypt:: The Arab Spring realised?

Sonia L. Alianak

in The Transition Towards Revolution and Reform: The Arab Spring Realised?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780748692712
eISBN:
9781474406079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748692712.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter deals, in phase 1, with people power uprisings in 2011 when Egypt erupted in revolution and Mubarak fell due to hierarchical dissonance in values, without religious mitigation, between ... More


Egypt

Asaad Al-Saleh

in Voices of the Arab Spring: Personal Stories from the Arab Revolutions

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163187
eISBN:
9780231538589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163187.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter narrates the January 25 Revolution in Egypt through the testimonies of activists who participated in the event. On this day, Egyptians headed to Tahrir Square in downtown Cairo to join a ... More


Days of Rage

Wafaa EL Sadik and Rüdiger Heimlich

in Protecting Pharaoh's Treasures: My Life in Egyptology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9789774168253
eISBN:
9781617978173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774168253.003.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This introductory chapter details the last time the author met Hosni Mubarak in October 2010 in Rome when she was instructed to put together a list of 190 treasures from Cairo's museums for an ... More


Trapped between Two Revolutions

Yoram Meital

in Revolutionary Justice: Special Courts and the Formation of Republican Egypt

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190600839
eISBN:
9780190633769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190600839.003.0010
Subject:
History, Middle East History, Political History

Drawing on insights gleaned from the July Revolution, this concluding chapter compares the transition phase now underway in Egypt to the events of 1952. As the popular uprising against Hosni Mubarak ... More


My Eighteen Days

Walter Armbrust

in Martyrs and Tricksters: An Ethnography of the Egyptian Revolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691162645
eISBN:
9780691197517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162645.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explains that the first eighteen days of the Egyptian Revolution culminating in the downfall of Hosni Mubarak were important because they created a fund of symbolic resources—stories ... More


The Role of Human Security in the Contest between the Egyptian Government and the Muslim Brotherhood, 1980–2010

Charles McDaniel

in Religion and Human Security: A Global Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199827732
eISBN:
9780199950553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827732.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter describes the evolution of competition between the secular Egyptian government and the Muslim Brotherhood. It discusses the ways in which repression has inspired the Muslim Brotherhood ... More


Egypt’s Unfinished Revolution

M. Cherif Bassiouni

in Civil Resistance in the Arab Spring: Triumphs and Disasters

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198749028
eISBN:
9780191811630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749028.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter outlines an early success and major failure of the Arab Spring. The eighteen-day popular civil resistance movement in Egypt in 2011, initiated by various people, including Wael Ghonim on ... More


The Long Road to a Short Revolution: October 1981–January 2011

Hazem Kandil

in The Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in Regime Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190239206
eISBN:
9780190239237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190239206.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines Egyptian military, security, and politics under Hosni Mubarak from October 1981 up to the revolt of January 2011 that forced him to resign. Mubarak's reign provided an ... More


Local and Regional Sectarian Narratives

Caroleen Marji Sayej

in Patriotic Ayatollahs: Nationalism in Post-Saddam Iraq

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501715211
eISBN:
9781501714856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501715211.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter challenges the narrative that conflict in Iraq was sectarian in nature. Conflict was the product of local and regional sectarian narratives that dominated the Iraqi landscape, and helped ... More


Morality

Herman T. Salton

in Dangerous Diplomacy: Bureaucracy, Power Politics, and the Role of the UN Secretariat in Rwanda

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198733591
eISBN:
9780191797972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198733591.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter traces the link between the muscular approach to peacekeeping advocated by Boutros-Ghali early in his term, the ‘moral’ purpose he attached to his role as Secretary-General, his ... More


Epilogue

Abdullah Al-Arian

in Answering the Call: Popular Islamic Activism in Egypt

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199931279
eISBN:
9780199373789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931279.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Islam, Religion and Society

The epilogue brings the discussion of the book forward, addressing the role of the 1970s generation of youth activists in the 2011 Egyptian uprising known as the Arab Spring and the subsequent ... More


Conclusion: Balancing the Brotherhood

Lawrence Rubin

in Islam in the Balance: Ideational Threats in Arab Politics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804790796
eISBN:
9780804792103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804790796.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This concluding chapter examines how the Gulf states of Saudi Arabia and UAE pursued ideational balancing strategies in response to the rise of an Islamist regime in Egypt. It also discusses Turkey's ... More


Musical Chairs

Ozan O. Varol

in The Democratic Coup d'État

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190626013
eISBN:
9780190626051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190626013.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter contrasts the February 2011 coup in Egypt against Hosni Mubarak with the July 2013 coup against Mohamed Morsi. Although the two coups were of different kinds—one deposed a dictator and ... More


With Friends Like These

Ozan O. Varol

in The Democratic Coup d'État

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190626013
eISBN:
9780190626051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190626013.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter discusses two questions: (1) Why might a military that once supported a dictatorship turn against it? and (2) Why would a military voluntarily choose to abandon the comfort and certainty ... More


Friends with Benefits

Ozan O. Varol

in The Democratic Coup d'État

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190626013
eISBN:
9780190626051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190626013.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter argues that militaries will tend to support dictatorships when their interests are aligned. Even when the military doesn’t share the dictator’s ideology, military officers may support ... More


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