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Global Environmental History: 10,000 BC to AD 2000

Ian Simmons

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748621583
eISBN:
9780748670765
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748621583.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

In the last 12,000 years, human societies have moved through phases of forager, agricultural, industrial and ‘post-industrial’ economies. Each of these has been affected by the natural world and in ... More


Amazonian ecosystems and atmospheric change since the last glacial maximum

Francis E. Mayle and Mark B. Bush

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter reviews previously published palaeovegetation and independent palaeoclimatic datasets to determine the responses of Amazonian ecosystems to changes in temperature, precipitation, and ... More


Salt: White Gold of the Ancient Maya

Heather McKillop

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813025117
eISBN:
9780813039497
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813025117.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This book reports the discovery, excavation, and interpretation of Late Classic Maya salt works on the coast of Belize, transforming our knowledge of the Maya salt trade and craft specialization ... More


The domestication of the earth: humans and environments in pre-industrial times

Ian Simmons

in A Century of British Geography

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262863
eISBN:
9780191734076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262863.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

The domestication of the earth entails the enfolding of ‘nature’ into human life and society. This chapter focuses on the millennia of the Holocene, when human societies consisted of food collectors ... More


Pleistocene Warming and Extinctions

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores the dynamics of plant and animal species and species assemblages during the Earth's most recent period of rapid warming to garner insights into the potential consequences of ... More


An introduction to Late Glacial–Holocene environments

Anson W. Mackay

in Holocene Extinctions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199535095
eISBN:
9780191715754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535095.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Holocene is the Earth's most recent interglacial, which began approximately 11,500 years ago. Environmental change across this interval and the preceding Late Glacial, driven by factors such as ... More


The Bantu Expansion: Some facts and fiction

Koen Bostoen

in Language Dispersal, Diversification, and Contact

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198723813
eISBN:
9780191791154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198723813.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The Bantu Expansion, the foremost linguistic, cultural, and demographic event in Late Holocene Africa, has sparked a fervent interdisciplinary debate, especially regarding its driving forces. As is ... More


Are Pleiotropic Mutations and Holocene Selective Sweeps the Only Evolutionary-genetic Processes Left for Explaining Heritable Variation in Human Psychological Traits?

Geoffrey F. Miller

in The Evolution of Personality and Individual Differences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195372090
eISBN:
9780199893485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372090.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter proposes that the field of evolutionary psychology must take seriously the notion that evolution has accelerated during the Holocene. This rapid recent evolution might call into question ... More


January: Of Rocks and Ice

Ellen Wohl

in Saving the Dammed: Why We Need Beaver-Modified Ecosystems

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190943523
eISBN:
9780197559949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190943523.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

The beaver meadow is quiet in January. For many plants and animals, winter is a season of subdued activity, or of waiting. North St. Vrain Creek remains open along the ... More


A Neolithic Nomad from Dakhleh Oasis

Ann L. W. Stodder and Ann M. Palkovich

in The Bioarchaeology of Individuals

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813038070
eISBN:
9780813043135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813038070.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter presents the osteobiography of a man who lived in predynastic Egypt, between 3200 B.C. and 2000 B.C.. One of only a few Neolithic skeletons representing the early Neolithic use of this ... More


Archaeology at Nevasa, Daimabad, and Inamgaon

Clark Spencer Larsen

in Bioarchaeology and Climate Change: A View from South Asian Prehistory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036670
eISBN:
9780813041803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036670.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter presents an overview of the archaeological record of three sites occupied during the Deccan Chalcolithic period (2200–700 B.C.) in India. It describes archaeological investigations at ... More


Megadrought and Collapse: From Early Agriculture to Angkor

Harvey Weiss (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199329199
eISBN:
9780190607920
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199329199.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Non-Classical

This is the first book to treat the major examples of megadrought and societal collapse, from the late Pleistocene end of hunter–gatherer culture and origins of cultivation to the 15th century AD ... More


When did We Start to Change Things?

Thomas N. Sherratt and David M. Wilkinson

in Big Questions in Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199548606
eISBN:
9780191917769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199548606.003.0013
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

As we wrote the first draft of this chapter (during early summer 2007), the potential dangers of ‘global warming’ had moved up the news agenda to a point where most ... More


The Politics of the Anthropocene

John S. Dryzek and Jonathan Pickering

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198809616
eISBN:
9780191846892
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809616.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The Politics of the Anthropocene is a sophisticated yet accessible treatment of how human institutions, practices, and principles need to be re-thought in response to the challenges of the ... More


Now What?

Michael H. Fox

in Why We Need Nuclear Power: The Environmental Case

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199344574
eISBN:
9780197562895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199344574.003.0019
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nuclear Issues

Time is running short! When the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published its first scientific report in 1990 on the possibility of ... More


Global Climate Change: Real or Myth?

Michael H. Fox

in Why We Need Nuclear Power: The Environmental Case

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199344574
eISBN:
9780197562895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199344574.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nuclear Issues

We, the teeming billions of people on earth, are changing the earth’s climate at an unprecedented rate because we are spewing out greenhouse gases and are ... More


Introducing Tropical Forests in Prehistory, History, and Modernity

Patrick Roberts

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198818496
eISBN:
9780191917264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198818496.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Environmental Archaeology

Friedrich Wöhler was referring to the field of organic chemistry during the early 1800s when he wrote the above but his comments would not be out of place in the ... More


Anthropocene

Jonathon Keats

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195398540
eISBN:
9780197562826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195398540.003.0008
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

In geological time, the human life span is almost immeasurably brief. The seventeenth-century archbishop James Ussher famously calculated from biblical ... More


Lessons from Land Present and Past Signs of Ecological Decay and the Overture to Earth’s Sixth Mass Extinctio

C. JOSH DONLAN, PAUL S. MARTIN, and GARY W. ROEMER

in Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520248847
eISBN:
9780520933200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248847.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This book addresses the question of how the removal of whales in various fisheries influenced the workings of modern oceans. Despite the recent and dramatic nature of these events, their consequences ... More


Sodom and Gomorrah Event

K. O. Emery and David Neev

in The Destruction of Sodom, Gomorrah, and Jericho: Geological, Climatological, and Archaeological Background

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195090949
eISBN:
9780197560655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195090949.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Biblical Archaeology

About 7800 B.P. after the first effects of warmings and droughts associated with the Atlantic Interval, many people of the Mideast moved into river floodplains where ... More


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