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Contractualism and the Foundations of Morality

Nicholas Southwood

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199539659
eISBN:
9780191594908
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539659.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Contractualism has a venerable history and considerable appeal. Yet as an account of the foundations or ultimate grounds of morality it has been thought by many philosophers to be subject to fatal ... More


The limits of Hobbesian contractualism

Nicholas Southwood

in Contractualism and the Foundations of Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199539659
eISBN:
9780191594908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539659.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter aims to assess Hobbesian contractualism or contractarianism as an account of morality's foundations, focusing on the influential version advanced by David Gauthier: morals by agreement. ... More


The Utopianism of Leviathan

Richard Tuck

in Leviathan after 350 Years

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199264612
eISBN:
9780191718526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264612.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter asks directly a question which often lurks behind discussions of Hobbes, but which is rarely put clearly: how radical is the transformation of politics, and indeed human life in general, ... More


Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book shows how—despite significant equivocation—the most influential justifications of government and of private property rely on the seldom-questioned empirical premise that this book calls, ... More


Vertical Inequality and the Extortion of Liberty

Andrew Sabl

in Hume's Politics: Coordination and Crisis in the History of England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134208
eISBN:
9781400845521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134208.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter looks at how Hume's theory is obviously attractive to those who live under conditions of brutal civil war or anarchy, or who fear such. Contemporary citizens demand not just order but ... More


Integral Pluralism: Holism and Difference

Fred Dallmayr

in Integral Pluralism: Beyond Culture Wars

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125718
eISBN:
9780813135397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125718.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The world was conceived as “cosmos”: an appealingly structured ensemble endowed with internal coherence and a high degree of intelligibility. In the social and political domain, the same assumption ... More


Victorian Interpretations of Thomas Hobbes

Jose Harris

in Politics and Culture in Victorian Britain: Essays in Memory of Colin Matthew

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199253456
eISBN:
9780191698149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253456.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores the Victorian interpretations of Thomas Hobbes and the pursuit of Victorian Hobbesian revival. Studies have varied in detail, but have concurred in claiming that arguments ... More


Alternative Justifications for Morality

James P. Sterba

in From Rationality to Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199580767
eISBN:
9780191745836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580767.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In general, there are three kinds of justifications for morality that must be taken into account before the justification provided in this book can be fully endorsed. First, there is a need to ... More


Wrestling with an Angel

J. Eric Stewart

in Living with Brain Injury: Narrative, Community, and Women's Renegotiation of Identity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814764718
eISBN:
9780814770221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814764718.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter addresses the metaphysics of brain injury and disability. In particular, it focuses on the variety of spiritual and religious narratives and affiliations the women have discussed—from ... More


Hobbes and America

Srinivas Aravamudan

in The Postcolonial Enlightenment: Eighteenth-Century Colonialism and Postcolonial Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199677597
eISBN:
9780191803710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199677597.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature, European Literature

This chapter explains that the Hobbesian and Lockean use of ‘America’ as an ideologeme of academic history anticipates many different kinds of thought-experiment in Enlightenment writing, while it ... More


Introduction

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter defines “the Hobbesian hypothesis” as the claim that the Lockean proviso is fulfilled: everyone benefits from the state and/or the property rights system. The chapter previews the book’s ... More


The Hobbesian Hypothesis: How a Colonial Prejudice Became an Essential Premise in the Most Popular Justification of Government

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces the role of “the Hobbesian hypothesis” in social contract theory by discussing how Thomas Hobbes introduced it. It defines the version of “the Lockean proviso” relevant to ... More


John Locke and the Hobbesian Hypothesis: How a Similar Colonial Prejudice Became an Essential Premise in the Most Popular Justification of Private Property Rights

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces the role of “the Hobbesian hypothesis” (the claim that “the Lockean proviso” is fulfilled) in the natural rights justification of private property by discussing John Locke’s ... More


The Hobbesian Hypothesis in Eighteenth-Century Political Theory

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shows how “the Hobbesian hypothesis” (the claim that everyone is better off in a state society with a private property system than they could reasonably expect to be in any society ... More


The Hobbesian Hypothesis in Nineteenth-Century Political Theory

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shows how “the Hobbesian hypothesis” (the claim that everyone is better off in a state society with a private property system than they could reasonably expect to be in any society ... More


The Hobbesian Hypothesis in Contemporary Political Theory

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter argues that “the Hobbesian hypothesis” (the claim that the Lockean proviso is fulfilled: everyone is better off in a state society with a private property system than they could ... More


The Hobbesian Hypothesis in Anthropology

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explores how Hobbesian ideas affected the development of anthropology and how “the Hobbesian hypotheses” (the claim that everyone is better off in a state society with a private property ... More


Nasty and Brutish? an Empirical Assessment of the Violence Hypothesis

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter empirically investigates two hypotheses often used to support the claim that virtually everyone is better off in state society than they could reasonably expect to be in any stateless ... More


Are You Better Off Now Than You Were 12,000 Years Ago? An Empirical Assessment of the Hobbesian Hypothesis

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter empirically investigates “the Hobbesian hypothesis” (the claim that everyone is better off in a state society with a private property system than they could reasonably expect to be in ... More


Implications

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Earlier chapters of this book found that the Hobbesian hypothesis is false; the Lockean proviso is unfulfilled; contemporary states and property rights systems fail to meet the standard that social ... More


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